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Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Solieriaceae
Genus Sarconema

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin
Hamelin Bay, Western Australia. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

 

Lessonia trabeculata Villouta & Santelices

Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin Hamelin Bay, Western Australia
© John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au)

Publication details
Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin 1932: 22

Published in: Kylin, H. (1932). Die Florideenordung Gigartinales. Acta Universitatis Lundensis 28(8): 1-88, 22 figs, 28 plates.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sarconema is Sarconema furcellatum Zanardini.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Dicranema filiforme Sonder

Type information
Type locality: Western Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 336). Holotype: Preiss ; MEL 44488 (Womersley 1994: 345). Notes: According to Womersley (1994: 345) the type is from “occid. Nov. Holl.” Preiss 2557 (Lipkin & Silva 2002).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), thread-like (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Dicranema filiforme Sonder 1845
Cystoclonium filiforme (Sonder) Kützing 1849

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Plocaria furcellata Montagne 1850
Solieria indica J.Agardh 1852
Sarconema furcellatum Zanardini 1858
Gracilaria furcellata (Montagne) Zanardini 1858
Trematocarpus furcellatus (Montagne) Kützing 1869
Dicranema setaceum Sonder 1871
Dicranema montagnei Grunow 1874
Dicranema setaceum var. upolensis Grunow 1874
Dicranema furcellatum (Montagne) J.Agardh 1876
Sarconema indicum (J.Agardh) Kylin 1932
Sarconema montagnei (Grunow) Kylin 1932
Sarconema furcatum Børgesen 1934
Sarconema filforme f. curta T.Rayss 1963
Sarconema filiforme f. gracillima T.Rayss 1963

Distributional notes
This species was introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 233) via the Suez Canal, being first reported from Port Said in Egypt in 1944. It is now widespread, if infrequent, on the Levantine coast and has been reported from France. - (5 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Warm water species; ca. 1 m depth; 3 m depth; on rock flat ca. 30 cm below low water (Lipkin & Silva 2002). Mainly a subtropical species; 3 m deep; pools, inner reef; 6 m deep on marina (Womersley 1994). - (3 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
A subtropical species with only sporadic occurrences on southern Australian coasts (Womersley 1994: 345).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Hayee-Memon, A. & Shameel, M. (1996). A taxonomic study of some red algae commonly growing on the coast of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 5(2): 113-137.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Millar, A.J.K. (1990). Marine red algae of the Coffs Harbour region, northern New South Wales. Australian Systematic Botany 3: 293-593, 76 figs, 2 tables.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Papenfuss, G.F. & Edelstein, T. (1974). The morphology and taxonomy of the red alga Sarconema (Gigartinales: Solieriaceae). Phycologia 13(1): 31-43, 25 figs.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. 1-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Created: 19 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8325 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ampili, P., Panikkar, M.V.N. & Chauhan, V.D. (1987). Male organs of Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin (Rhodophyta). Japanese Journal of Phycology 35: 218-220, 11 figs.
Ampili, P., Panikkar, M.V.N. & Chauhan, V.D. (1991). Studies on spore germination and early growth in Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Japanese Journal of Phycology 39: 277-279, 11 figs.
Mshigeni, K.E. (1976). Contributions in the developmental biology of Tanzanian Rhodophyta. I. Spore germination in Sarcodia montagneana J. Agardh. II. Spore germination in Tylotus proliferus (Harv.) Kylin. Spore germination in Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin. Nova Hedwigia 28: 649-655, 656-660, 661-665.
Mshigeni, K.E. (1977f). Contributions on the developmental biology of Tanzanian Rhodophyta. III. Spore germination in Sarconema filiforme (Sonder) Kylin. Nova Hedwigia 28: 661-665, 3 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 April 2019.

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