153,798 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,012 images, 59,568 bibliographic items, 413,155 distributional records.

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Cosmarium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Ornamental pond, Strathtyrum House, St Andrews, Scotland.. 02 Aug 2009. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Apical views at different focus points. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire UK.. 15 Apr 2010. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire UK.. 15 Apr 2010. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 400x, DIC. 11 May 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 1000x, DIC. 26 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Antithamnion piliferum Cormaci & G.Furnari

Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs Apical views at different focus points. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire UK.
© C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs 1848: 99, pl. XVI [16]: fig. 1

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cosmarium is Cosmarium undulatum Corda ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Euastrum botrytis (Meneghini ex Ralfs) Nägeli 1849

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Heterocarpella botrytis Bory 1825
Didymidium botrytis (Bory) Reinsch 1866
Ursinella botrytis (Bory) Kuntze 1891

Taxonomic notes
Originally described by Meneghini (1840: 220) which predates the stating date of the desmids (Ralfs, 1848). - (25 Apr 2009) -

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Desmidiineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 636-741. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Förster, K. (1982). Conjugatophyceae Zygnematales und Desmidiales (excl. Zygnemataceae). In: Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers Systematik und Biologie [Band] 8. Teil 1. Hälfte. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-543. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller). [in On shelf with series]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Martello, G.V. (2004). Le Desmidiée (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) dei "Sette Laghi"nel massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai: ecologia e distribuzione in relazione all'acidita delle acque. Natura Vicentina 8: 5-32.

Martello, G.V. (2006). Closterium parvulum Nägeli var. lenzenwegeriense, description of a new variety. Algological Studies 120: 15-19.

Martello, G.V. (2006). Le Desmidiée (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) del Laghetto di Costa d'Agra,sull'Altopiano de Tonezza (VI). The Desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygematophyceae) of the Costa d'Agra Lake, on the Tonezza Plateau (VI). Natura Vicentina 10: 113-128.

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodoroslei SSSR [Key to Freshwater Algae of the USSR. Vol. 11 Part 2.] Zelenye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidievye. Chlorophyta, Desminiales (2). pp. [1]-619 [620], 163 pls. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe otdelenie. [in Russian]

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1986). [Identification manual of the freshwater algae of Ukrainian RSR. Issue VIII Part 2 Dedmidiales]. pp. [1]-317 [318]. Kiev: Nauk. Dumka Press. [in Ukrainian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

West, W. & West, G.S. (1912). A monograph of the British Desmidiaceae. IV. pp. [i]-xiv, [1]-194, pl. 96-128. London: The Ray Society.

Culture Centre for Algae and Protozoa (CCAP) cultures
Strain Number 612/1A Cosmarium botrytis Meneghini ex Ralfs
Go to CCAP Site

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5980 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Berliner, M.D. & Guth, E. (1979). Zygote formation in Cosmarium botrytis studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, phase-contrast, and calcofluor staining. Protoplasma 101: 1-10.
Berliner, M.D. (1981). Hormone effects on Cosmarium botrytis cell division. Cytobios 30: 89-99.
Brandham, P.E. & Godward, M.B.E. (1964). The production and inheritance of the haploid triradiate form in Cosmarium botrytis. Phycologia 4: 75-83, 6 figs, 2 tables.
Lott, J.N.A., Harris, G.P. & Turner, C.D. (1972). The cell wall of Cosmarium botrytis. Journal of Phycology 8: 232-236, 9 figs.
Pickett-Heaps, J. (1972). Cell division in Cosmarium botrytis. Journal of Phycology 8: 343-360, 46 figs, 1 diagram.
Tews, L.L. (1969). Dimorphism in Cosmarium botrytis var. depressum. Journal of Phycology 5: 270-271, 4 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 11 December 2018.

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