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Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Staurastrum

Pictures

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Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs
Side and apical views of an empty cell. Collected by Liz Kungu, Great Hill, Ayrshire, Scotland.. 09 May 2015. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs
Collected by Emma Goodyer, Forsinard, Sutherland, Scotland.. 24 Sep 2011. © E.Goodyer and C.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs
Empty cell. Collected by Emma Goodyer, Forsinard, Sutherland, Scotland.. 24 Sep 2011. © E.Goodyer and C.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs
Six-radiant form in side view. Loch Valley, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs
Six-radiant form in apical view. Loch Valley, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs
Five-radiant form, Wanlockhead, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs
Four-radiant form, Wanlockhead, South Ayrshire , Scotland.. 22 Apr 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Amphiroa granifera Harvey

Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs Side and apical views of an empty cell. Collected by Liz Kungu, Great Hill, Ayrshire, Scotland.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Staurastrum margaritaceum Meneghini ex Ralfs 1848: 134, pl. XXI [21]: fig. 9 a-e

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Staurastrum is Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), pearly.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Pentasterias margartitacea Ehrenberg 1836

Nomenclatural notes
(Ehrenberg) Meneghini 1840; Meneghini ex Ralfs 1848 (INA). (Ehrenberg) Meneghini (Algarte & Rodrigues, 2013). - (28 Feb 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Type information
Type locality: Britain (various records); Germany (Ehrenberg); Falaise (Brébisson); West Point, N.Y. (Bailey) (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Desmidiineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 636-741. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, J. (2013). European flora of the desmid genera Staurastrum and Staurodesmus. pp. [1]-357, 5 text-figs, 120 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Gontcharov, A.A. & Melkonian, M. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of Staurastrum Meyen ex Ralfs and related genera (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) based on coding and noncoding rDNA sequence comparisons. Journal of Phycology 41: 887-899.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Martello, G.V (2006). Alcune desmidiee della zona di Caldenave e della Val d'Inferno - Massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai (Trento). Informatore Botanico Italiano 38(2): 513-536.

Martello, G.V. (2004). Le Desmidiée (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) dei "Sette Laghi"nel massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai: ecologia e distribuzione in relazione all'acidita delle acque. Natura Vicentina 8: 5-32.

Martello, G.V. (2007). Le Desmidiée (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) di alcune zone umide lentiche della Val di Rava (Gruppo montuoso dei Lagorai) (TN). The Desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygematophyceae) of some lentic freshwater habitats of the Rava Valley (Montainous group of the Lagorai) (TM). Natura Vicentina 11: 77-115.

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodoroslei SSSR [Key to Freshwater Algae of the USSR. Vol. 11 Part 2.] Zelenye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidievye. Chlorophyta, Desminiales (2). pp. [1]-619 [620], 163 pls. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe otdelenie. [in Russian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 December 2018.

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