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Staurastrum orbiculare Meneghini ex Ralfs

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Staurastrum

Pictures

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Staurastrum orbiculare Meneghini ex Ralfs
Shovelboard mire, Renfrew, Scotland. 26 Apr 2015. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Staurastrum orbiculare Meneghini ex Ralfs
Collected by Sue Knight. Burbage Valley, Derbyshire, UK. 22 Mar 2010. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Lithophyllum kotschnyanum f. madagascarense (Heydrich) Foslie

Staurastrum orbiculare Meneghini ex Ralfs Shovelboard mire, Renfrew, Scotland
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Staurastrum orbiculare Meneghini ex Ralfs 1848: 125, pl. XXI [21]: fig. 5

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Staurastrum is Staurastrum paradoxum Meyen ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), orbicular (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Cosmoastrum orbiculare (Ralfs) Palamar-Mordvinseva 1982
Staurodesmus orbicularis (Menegini ex Ralfs) Akin & R.L.Meyer 1996

Nomenclatural notes
Authority also cited as Ralfs 1848 in INA. - (14 Nov 2012) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Type information
Type locality: Britain; Germany; France, New York, U.S.A. (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Desmidiineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 636-741. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, J. (2013). European flora of the desmid genera Staurastrum and Staurodesmus. pp. [1]-357, 5 text-figs, 120 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Fuzinato, S., Cvijan, M. & Krizmanic, J. (2011). A checklist of desmids (Conjugatophyceae, Chlorophyta) of Serbia. III. Genus Staurastrum. Cryptogamie Algologie 32(4): 363-377.

Giroldo, D., Vieira, A.A.H. & Paulsen, B.S. (2005). Microbial degradation of extracellular polysaccharides released by a tropical strain of Staurastrum orbiculare (Zygnematophyceae). Phycologia 44: 671-677.

Gontcharov, A.A. & Melkonian, M. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of Staurastrum Meyen ex Ralfs and related genera (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) based on coding and noncoding rDNA sequence comparisons. Journal of Phycology 41: 887-899.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Martello, G.V. (2004). Le DesmidiƩe (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) dei "Sette Laghi"nel massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai: ecologia e distribuzione in relazione all'acidita delle acque. Natura Vicentina 8: 5-32.

Martello, G.V. (2006). Le DesmidiƩe (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) del Laghetto di Costa d'Agra,sull'Altopiano de Tonezza (VI). The Desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygematophyceae) of the Costa d'Agra Lake, on the Tonezza Plateau (VI). Natura Vicentina 10: 113-128.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1364 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Giroldo, D., Vieira, A.A.H. & Paulsen, B.S. (2005). Microbial degradation of extracellular polysaccharides released by a tropical strain of Staurastrum orbiculare (Zygnematophyceae). Phycologia 44: 671-677.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 10 December 2018.

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