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Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Desmidiaceae
Genus Xanthidium

Pictures

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Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs
Side views.Lochen on Isle of Tiree, Scotland. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. 01 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs
All views schematic. Lochen on Isle of Tiree, Scotland. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. 01 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs
Face views showing pores, semicell centre and single convergent spine at basal angle. Lochen on Isle of Tiree, Scotland. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. 01 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs
Empty cell showing pores and spines. Lochen on Isle of Tiree, Scotland. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. 01 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs
Apical views. Note single spine at each side of semicell base. Lochen on Isle of Tiree, Scotland. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth. 01 Sep 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Sphacelaria clevei Grunow

Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs Side views.Lochen on Isle of Tiree, Scotland. Collected by Claudia Ferguson-Smyth
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Xanthidium cristatum Brébisson ex Ralfs 1848: 115, pl. XIX [19]: figs 3 a-c

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Xanthidium is Xanthidium aculeatum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), crested.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Holacanthum cristatum (Brébisson ex Ralfs) Wille 1890

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Xanthidium cristatum var. bituberculatum C.W.Lowe 1923

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Type information
Type locality: Dolgelley & Penzance (Ralfs); Ambleside (Sidebotham); Aberdeen (P. Grant); Pulborough, Sussex (Jenner); Falaise (Brébisson) (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Desmidiineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 636-741. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Palamar-Mordvintseva, G.M. (1982). Opredelitel' presnovodnykh vodoroslei SSSR [Key to Freshwater Algae of the USSR. Vol. 11 Part 2.] Zelenye vodorosli. Klass Kon'yugaty. Poryadok Desmidievye. Chlorophyta, Desminiales (2). pp. [1]-619 [620], 163 pls. Leningrad: Nauka Leningradskoe otdelenie. [in Russian]

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Stastny, J., Skaloud, P., Langenbach, D., Nemjova, K. & Neustupa, J. (2013). Polyphasic evaluation of Xanthidium antilopaeum and Xanthidium cristatum (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) species complex. Journal of Phycology 49(2): 401-416.

West, W. & West, G.S. (1912). A monograph of the British Desmidiaceae. IV. pp. [i]-xiv, [1]-194, pl. 96-128. London: The Ray Society.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 789 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Stastny, J., Skaloud, P., Langenbach, D., Nemjova, K. & Neustupa, J. (2013). Polyphasic evaluation of Xanthidium antilopaeum and Xanthidium cristatum (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) species complex. Journal of Phycology 49(2): 401-416.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 September 2018.

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