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Prymnesium parvum N.Carter

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Hacrobia
Phylum Haptophyta
Class Coccolithophyceae
Subclass Prymnesiophycidae
Order Prymnesiales
Family Prymnesiaceae
Genus Prymnesium

Pictures

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Prymnesium parvum N.Carter
Prox. Showing chytrid attack. Collected by Hazel Sumner (EA), Norfolk Broads, UK. 30 Apr 2015. © C.F. Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Prymnesium parvum N.Carter
Prox. Showing haptonema. Collected by Hazel Sumner (EA), Norfolk Broads, UK. 30 Apr 2015. © C.F. Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Prymnesium parvum N.Carter
In the brackish Lake Biviere di Gela (Sicily); with Cyclotella. Rossella Barone (rossella.barone@unipa.it). © Rossella Barone (rossella.barone@unipa.it).

Prymnesium parvum N.Carter
In the brackish Lake Biviere di Gela (Sicily). 01 Mar 2005. Rossella Barone (rossella.barone@unipa.it). © Rossella Barone (rossella.barone@unipa.it).

Prymnesium parvum N.Carter
In the brackish Lake Biviere di Gela (Sicily). 01 Mar 2005. Rossella Barone (rossella.barone@unipa.it). © Rossella Barone (rossella.barone@unipa.it).

 

Corallina prolifera J.V.Lamouroux

Prymnesium parvum N.Carter Prox. Showing haptonema. Collected by Hazel Sumner (EA), Norfolk Broads, UK
© C.F. Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Prymnesium parvum N.Carter 1937: 40, pl. 3: figs 5-16; pl. 8: fig. 16

Published in: Carter, N. (1937). New or interesting algae from brackish water. Archiv für Protistenkunde 90: 1-68.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Prymnesium is Prymnesium saltans Massart.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), little, small, puny (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). Toxic; self-toxic.

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Type information
type locality: Brackish water pond, Bembridge, Isle of Wight, England (Carter 1937: 40).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bourrelly, P. (1957). Recherches sur les Chrysophycées. Morphologie, phylogénie, systématique. Revue Algologique: Mémoire Hors-Série 1: [1]-412.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Hulburt, E.M. (1965). Flagellates from brackish waters in the vicinity of Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Journal of Phycology 1(2): 87-94.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Nakayama, T., Yoshida, M., Noël, M.-H., Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I. (2005). Ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Chrysoculter rhomhoideus gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new flagellate haptophyte from Japanese coastal waters. Phycologia 44: 369-383.

Olli, K. & Trunov, K. (2007). Self-toxicity of Prynmesium parvum (Prymnesiophyceae). Phycologia 46: 109-112.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.

Preisig, H.R. (2011). Phylum Haptophyta (Prymnesiophyta). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 277-279. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Talarski, A., Manning, S.R. & La Claire, J.W., II (2016). Transcriptome analysis of the euryhaline alga, Prymnesium parvum (Prymnesiophyceae): effects of salinity on differential gene expression. Phycologia 55(1): 33-44.

Throndsen, J. (1996). The planktonic marine flagellates. In: Identifying marine phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 591-730. San Diego: Academic Press.

Culture Centre for Algae and Protozoa (CCAP) cultures
Strain Number 946/1B Prymnesium parvum N.Carter
Go to CCAP Site

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 April 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6668 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Baker, J.W., Grover, J.P., Brooks, B.W., Ureña-Boeck, F., Roelke, D.L., Errera, R. & Kiesling, R.L. (2007). Growth and toxicity of Prymnesium parvum (Haptophyta) as a function of salinity, light and temperature. Journal of Phycology 43(2): 219-227, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Barone, R. (2005). Il fitoplankton delle zone umide siciliane d'importanza internazionale: presenza dell'aptofita ittiotossica Prymnesium parvum Carter. Informatore Botanico Italiano 37: 556-557.
Billard, C. (1983). Prymnesium zebrinum sp. nov. et P. annuliferum sp. nov. deux nouvelles espèces apparentées à P. parvum Carter (Prymnesiophyceae). Phycologia 22: 141-151.
Dafni, Z., Ulitzur, S. & Dhilo, M. (1972). Influence of light and phosphate on toxin production and growth of Prymnesium parvum. Journal of General Microbiology 70: 199-207.
Freitag, M., Beszteri, S., Vogel H. & John, U. (2011). Effects of physiological shock treatments on toxicity and polyketide synthase gene expression in Prymnesium parvum (Prymnesiophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 46(3): 193-201.
Holdway, P.A. & Watson, R.A. (1978). Growth and ichthyotoxicity in two strains of Prymnesium parvum Carter (Haptophyta) as affected by phosphorus concentration. British Phycological Journal 13: 201-202.
Holdway, P.A., Watson, R.A. & Moss, B. (1978). Aspects of the ecology of Prymnesium parvum (Haptophyta) and water chemistry in the Norfolk Broads, England. Freshwater Biology 8: 295-311.
Johnsen, T.M. & Lein, T.E. (1989). Prymnesium parvum Carter (Prymnesiophyceae) in association with macroalgae in Ryfylke, southwestern Norway. Sarsia 74: 277-281.
Larsen, A. & Edvardsen, B. (1999 '1998' ). Relative ploidy levels in Prymnesium parvum and P. patelliferum (Haptophyta) analyzed by flow cytometry. Phycologia 37: 412-424, 15 figs, 4 tables.
Larsen, A. (1999). Prymnesium parvum and P. patelliferum (Haptophyta) - one species. Phycologia 38: 541-543.
Moon, R.E. & Martin, D.F. (1981). The cytolytic substance aponin on Prymnesium parvum and Ptychodiscus brevis, a comparative study. Botanica Marina 24: 591-593.
Neisch, M.T., Roelke, D.L., Brooks, B.W., Grover, J.P. & Masser, M.P. (2012). Stimulating effect of Anabaena sp. (Cyanobacteria) exudate on Prymnesium parvum (Haptophyta) (Note). Journal of Phycology 48(4): 1045-1049.
Ricketts, T.R. (1964). The localization of enzymes in hydrolysing adenosine phosphates in Prymnesium parvum Carter. J. R. Micros. Soc. 83: 459-465.
Ricketts, T.R. (1965). Inorganic pyrophosphatase in Prymnesium parvum Carter. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 110: 184-190.
Shilo, M. & Shilo, M. (1955). Control of the phytoflagellate Prymnesium parvum. Proceedings of the International Association of theoretical and applied Limnology 12: 233-240.
Talarski, A., Manning, S.R. & La Claire, J.W., II (2016). Transcriptome analysis of the euryhaline alga, Prymnesium parvum (Prymnesiophyceae): effects of salinity on differential gene expression. Phycologia 55(1): 33-44.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2018.

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