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Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Lessoniaceae
Genus Ecklonia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
plants in aquarium. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Cape Peninsula, South Africa. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Cape Peninsula, South Africa. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Cape Peninsula, South Africa. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
coiled spring, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
holdfast, Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss
Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

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97 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss Platboom, Cape Peninsula, South Africa; lower intertidal plants
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss 1940: 7

Published in: Papenfuss, G.F. (1940). A revision of the South African marine algae in herbarium Thunberg. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalensis 4(3): 1-17.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ecklonia is Ecklonia buccinalis (Linnaeus) Hornemann.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus maximus Osbeck

Type information
Type locality: Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 639).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), largest.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus maximus Osbeck 1757

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus buccinalis Linnaeus 1771
Laminaria buccinalis (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Laminaria flabellum Bory 1825
Laminaria buccinalis var. macloviana Bory 1828
Ecklonia buccinalis (Linnaeus) Hornemann 1828

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996: 639) the name Lessonia nigrescens has been misapplied to this species by Hohenacker (1854 [1852-1862]: no. 162) and Barton (1893: 112).

Distributional notes
The most northerly record in west Africa seemingly is Rocky Point, Namibia, 18° 59'S., l2°29' E north of Swakopmund (see Wynne 1986). - (26 Apr 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Rothman, M.D., Mattio, L., Wernberg, T., Anderson, R.J., Uwai, S., Mohring, M.B. & Bolton, J.J. (2015). A molecular investigation of the genus Ecklonia (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) with special focus on the southern hemisphere. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 236-246.

Wynne, M.J. (1986). Report on a collection of benthic marine algae from the Namibian coast (southwestern Africa). Nova Hedwigia 43: 311-355, 24 pls.

Created: 07 February 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 June 2015 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 67239 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)


Anderson, R.J., Rothman, M.D., Share, A. & Drummond, H. (2007). Harvesting of the kelp Ecklonia maxima in South Africa affects its three obligate, red algal epiphytes. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 117-123.
Bolton, J.J. & Levitt, G.L. (1985). Light and temperature requirements for growth and reproduction in gametophytes of Ecklonia maxima (Alariaceae: Laminariales). Marine Biology, Berlin 87: 131-135.
Crouch, I.J. & Vanstaden, J. (1991). Evidence for rooting factors in a seaweed concentrate prepared from Ecklonia maxima. Journal of Plant Physiology 137(3): 319-322.
Featonby-Smith, B.C. & van Staden, J. (1984). Identification and seasonal variation of endogenous cytokinins in Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenf.. Botanica Marina 27: 524-531.
Hofman, P.J., Featonby-Smith, B.C. & van Staden, J. (1986). The development of ELISA and IRA for cytokinin estimation and their application to a study of lunar periodicity in Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenf.. J. Pl. Physiol. 122: 455-466.
Joska, M.A.P. & Bolton, J.J. (1987). In situ measurement of zoospore release and seasonality of reproduction in Ecklonia maxima (Alariaceae, Laminariales). British Phycological Journal 22: 209-214.
Mann, K.H., Jarman, N. & Dieckmann, G. (1979). Development of a method for measuring the productivity of the kelp Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenf.. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 44: 27-41.
Papenfus, H.B., Stirk, W.A., Finnie, J.F. & Van Staden, J. (2012). Seasonal variation in the polyamines of Ecklonia maxima. Botanica Marina 55(5): 539-546.
Papenfuss, G.F. (1942). Studies of South African Phaeophyceae. I. Ecklonia maxima, Laminaria pallida, Macrocystis pyrifera. American Journal of Botany 29: 15-24.
Rothman, M.D., Anderson, R.J. & Smit, A.J. (2007). The effects of harvesting of the South African kelp (Ecklonia maxima) on kelp population structure, growth rate and recruitment. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 109-115.
Rotmann, K.W.G, Ruscoe, W.M. & Rotman, H.G. (2003). The economic importance of Ecklonia maxima and other kelps in the southern Cape region of South Africa. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 131-136.
Tugwell, S. & Branch, G.M. (1989). Differential polyphenolic distribution among tissues in the kelps Ecklonia maxima, Laminaria pallida and Macrocystis angustifolia in relation to plant-defense theory. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 129: 219-230.
Weiersbye, I.M., Otter, L.B., Eccles, N.S., Critchley, A.T. & Pfab, M.F. (2001). Benefits and constraints of using beach-strewn kelp (Ecklonia maxima) to improve crop growth in degraded soils. In: Breakthrough opportunities from the world's bioresources. (Mshigeni, K.E. & Bisanda, E. Eds), pp. 149-165. University of Namibia.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2018.

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