153,822 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,012 images, 59,572 bibliographic items, 413,461 distributional records.

Iridaea cordata (Turner) Bory de Saint-Vincent

Publication details
Iridaea cordata (Turner) Bory de Saint-Vincent 1826: 16

Published in: Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B. (1826). Iridée. Iridea. In: Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle. (Audouin, I. et al. Eds) Vol. 9, pp. 15-16. Paris:
 Download PDF

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Iridaea.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus cordatus Turner

Type information
Type locality: "Banks' Isles, on the North West coast of America" [Actually Isla de los Estados, Argentina] (Hughey, Silva & Hommersand 2001: 1097). Type: Archibald Menzies; E (Hommersand, Guiry, Fredericq & Leister 1993: 112). Notes: Although the location cited by Turner is in North America, Hughey et al. (2001: 1097) have provided incontrovertible evidence that the specimen was actually collected in South America, being identical to specimens collected from Isla de los Estados, Argentina. Menzies was ship's surgeon on Capt Colnett's Price of Wales on the northern shore of Isla de los Estados where the ship anchored from 26 January to 12 February, 1787. The specimen seems to have been subsequently mislabeled.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), heart-shaped.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus cordatus Turner 1809
Halymenia cordata (Turner) C.Agardh 1822
Iridophycus cordatus (Turner) Setchell & Gardner 1937
Gigartina cordata (Turner) D.H.Kim 1976

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Iridaea micans Bory de Saint-Vincent 1825
Iridaea obovata Kützing 1849
Iridaea micans var. obovata (Kützing) Kützing 1867
Iridaea macrodonta Skottsberg 1923
Iridophycus micans (Bory de Saint-Vincent) Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1936
Rhodoglossum macrodontum (Skottsberg) Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1936
Iridophycus caespitipes Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1936
Iridophycus obovatus (Kützing) Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1936
Iridaea caespitipes (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) Skottsberg 1941
Iridaea proliferans Skottsberg 1953
Rhodoglossum schotteri Delépine 1964
Gigartina caespitipes (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) D.H.Kim 1976
Gigartina antarctica D.H.Kim 1976
Gigartina micans (Bory) D.H.Kim 1976
Gigartina macrodonta (Skottsberg) D.H.Kim 1976

Taxonomic notes
Presently treated as a species restricted to southern South America (Hughey et al. 2001: 1105). Name misapplied for many years to common intertidal Mazzaella species on the west coast of North America. - (8 Jul 2009) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Boraso de Zaixso, A.L. (2013). Elementos para el estudio de las macroalgas de Argentina. Con colaboración de J.M. Zaixso. pp. [1]-204. Comodoro Rivadavia: Universitaria de la Patagonia.

Hommersand, M.H., Guiry, M.D., Fredericq, S. & Leister, G.L. (1993). New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 105-120, 41 figs.

Hommersand, M.H., Moe, R.L., Amsler, C.D. & Fredericq, S. (2009). Notes on the systematics and biogeographical relationships of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Rhodophyta with descriptions of four new genera and five new species. Botanica marina 52: 509-534.

Hughey, J.R., Silva, P.C. & Hommersand, M.H. (2001). Solving taxonomic and nomenclatural problems in Pacific Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta) using DNA from type material. Journal of Phycology 37: 1091-1109.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Ricker, R.W. (1987). Taxonomy and biogeography of Macquarie Island seaweeds. pp. [i]-vi, [2], 1-344. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Created: 10 February 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 November 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4126 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)


Adams, R. W. & Austin, A. (1979). Potential yields of Iridaea cordata (Florideophyceae) in natural and artificial populations in the Northeast Pacific. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 499-507.
Adams, R.W. & Austin, A. (1979). Potential yields of Iridaea cordata (Florideophyceae) in natural and artifical populations in the northeast Pacific. In: Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium. (Jensen, A. & Stein, J.R. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 499-507. Princeton: Science Press.
Amsler, C.D., McClintock, J.B. & Baker, B.J. (1998). Chemical defense against herbivory in the Antarctic Marine Macroalgae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica (Rhodophyceae). Journal of Phycology 34: 53-59, 3 figs, 1 table.
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Scammacca, B. & Alongi, G. (1996). Summer biomass of a population of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Antarctica. Hydrobiologia 326/327: 267-272, 4 figs, 1 table.
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Scammacca, B. & Alongi, G. (1996). Summer biomass of a population of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Antarctica. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 267-272.
Dyck, L., De Wreede, R.E. & Garbary, D. (1985). Life history phases in Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae): relative abundance and distribution from British Columbia to California. Japanese Journal of Phycology 33: 225-232.
Foltran, A., Maranzana, G., Rascio, N., Scarabel, L. & Andreoli, C. (1996). Iridaea cordata from Antactica: an ultrastructural, cytochemical and pigment study. Botanica Marina 39: 533-541.
Hansen, J. E. (1981). Studies on the population dynamics of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 336-341.
Hansen, J.E. & Doyle, W.T. (1976). Ecology and natural history of Iridaea cordata (Rhodophyta; Gigartinaceae): population structure. Journal of Phycology 12: 273-278, 4 figs.
Hansen, J.E. (1977). Ecology and natural history of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) growth. Journal of Phycology 13: 395-402, 3 figs, 2 tables.
Kraemer, G.P. (1990). Influence of desiccation on the mechanical properties of Iridaea cordata (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 26: 586-588.
McCandless, E.L., Craigie, J.S. & Hansen, J.E. (1975). Carrageenans of gametangial and tetrasporangial stages of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 53: 2315-2318.
Mumford, T.F., Jr & Waaland, J.R. (1980). Progress and prospects for field cultivation of Iridaea cordata and Gigartina exasperata. pp. 92-105, 193-197, 213-228. California: California Sea Grant College Program.
Mumford, T.F., Jr (1977). Some biological, legal, social, and economic aspects of the culture of the red alga Iridaea cordata on nets in Puget Sound. pp. 221-229. Seattle: University of Washington, Washington Sea Grant Publ..
Mumford, T.F., Jr (1978). Field and laboratory experiments with Iridaea cordata (Florideophyceae) grown on nylon netting. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 515-523.
Schoenrock, K.M., Amsler, C.D., McClintock, J.B. & Baker, B.J. (2015). Life history bias in endophyte infection of the Antarctic rhodophyte, Iridaea cordata. Botanica Marina 58(1): 1--8.
Waaland, J.R. (1976). Growth of the red alga Iridaea cordata (Turner) Bory in semi-enclosed culture. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 23: 45-53.
Weykam, G., Thomas, D.N. & Wiencke, C. (1997). Growth and photosynthesis of the Antarctic red algae Palmaria decipiens (Palmariales) and Iridaea cordata (Gigartinales) during and following extended periods of darkness. Phycologia 36: 395-405, 5 figs, 2 tables.
Zacher, K., Roleda, M.Y., Wulff, A., Hanelt, D. & Wiencke, C. (2009). Responses of Antarctic Iridaea cordata (Rhodophyta) tetraspores exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Phycological Research 57(3): 186-193.
Zacher, K., Roleda, M.Y., Wulff, A., Hanelt, D. & Wiencke, C. (2009). Responses of Antarctic Iridaea cordata (Rhodophyta) tetraspores exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Phycological Research 57(3): 186-193.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3506

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 12 December 2018.

SITE © 1996 - 2018 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio