153,226 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,952 images, 59,248 bibliographic items, 409,098 distributional records.

Gigartina skottsbergii Setchell & N.L.Gardner

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Gigartinaceae
Genus Gigartina

Pictures

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Gigartina skottsbergii Setchell & N.L.Gardner
Puerto del Hambre, XII Region, Chile, 5m depth. 05 Sep 2001. Dirk Schories. © Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de).

 

Gigartina skottsbergii Setchell & N.L.Gardner Puerto del Hambre, XII Region, Chile, 5m depth
© Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de)

Publication details
Gigartina skottsbergii Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1936: 472

Published in: Setchell, W.A. & Gardner, N.L. (1936). Iridophycus gen. nov. and its representation in South America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 22: 469-473.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gigartina is Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Hommersand et al. (1999) consider that this species should be referred to an undescribed, monotypic genus.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Slogget Bay, Fuegia (Silva 1996-to date). Type (cystocarpic and antheridial): C. Skottsberg; Herb. UC 205, 704 (Silva 1996-to date Notes: Falkland Islands (Waldo L. Schmitt No. 113 in Herb. W.R. Taylor and fragment of same in UC no. 472,534 = tetrasporic. LT: 205704 by Kim (1976: 23) but further lectotypifiacation is required Index Nominum Algarum).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Amsler, C.D., Okogbue, I.N., Landry, D.M., Amsler, M.O., McClintock, J.B. & Baker, B.J. (2005). Potential chemical defenses against diatom fouling in Antarctic macroalgae. Botanica Marina 48: 318-322.

Boraso de Zaixso, A.L. (2013). Elementos para el estudio de las macroalgas de Argentina. Con colaboraciĆ³n de J.M. Zaixso. pp. [1]-204. Comodoro Rivadavia: Universitaria de la Patagonia.

Hommersand, M.H., Guiry, M.D., Fredericq, S. & Leister, G.L. (1993). New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 105-120, 41 figs.

Hommersand, M.H., Moe, R.L., Amsler, C.D. & Fredericq, S. (2009). Notes on the systematics and biogeographical relationships of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Rhodophyta with descriptions of four new genera and five new species. Botanica marina 52: 509-534.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Peters, K.J., Amsler, C.D., Amsler, M.O., McClintock, J.B., Dunbar, R.B. & Baker, B.J. (2005). A comparative analysis of the nutritional and elemental composition of macroalgae from the western Antarctic Peninsula. Phycologia 44: 453-463.

Quartino, M.L., Zaixso, H.E. & Boraso de Zaixso, A.L. (2005). Biological and environmental characterization of marine macroalgal assemblages in Potter Cove, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Botanica Marina 48: 187-197.

Zinova, A.D. (1966). Novitates de algis marinis antarcticis ac subantarcticis.. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Non Vascularium 3: 103-109, no figs. [in Russian]

Created: 11 February 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 June 2014 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5540 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Andres, M., Werlinger, C., Palacios, M., Navarro, N.P. & Cuadra, P. (2007). Effects of UVB radiation on the initial stages of growth of Gigartina skottsbergii, Sarcothalia crispata and Mazzaella laminarioides (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 225-233.
Avila, M., Candia, A., Nunez, M. & Romo, H. (1999). Reproductive biology of Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Chile.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 149-157.
Avila, M., Candia, A., Romo, H., Pavez, H. & Torrijos, C. (2003). Exploitation and cultivation of Gigartina skottsbergii in Southern Chile. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 137-144.
Buschmann, A.H., Correa, J.A. & Westermeier, R. (1999). Recent advances in the understanding of the biological basis for Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta) cultivation in Chile. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 427-434.
Carlucci, M.J., Pujol, C.A., Ciancia, M., Noseda, M.D., Matulewicz, M.C., Damonte, E.B. & Cerezo, A.S. (1997). Antiherpetic and anticoagulant properties of carrageenans from the red seaweed Gigartina skottsbergii and their cyclized derivatives: correlation between structure and biological activity.. Int. J. Biol. Macromol 20: 97-105.
Ciancia, M., Matulewicz, M.C. & Cerezo, A.S. (1993). L-galactose containing galactans from the carrageenophyte Gigartina skottsbergii. Phytochemistry 34: 1541-1543.
Ciancia, M., Matulewicz, M.C., Finch, P. & Cerezo, A.S. (1993). Determination of the structures of cystocarpic carrageenans from Gigartina skottsbergii by methylation analysis and NMR spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Research 238: 241-248.
Estevez, J.M., Ciancia, M. & Cerezo, A.S. (2002). Carrageenans biosynthesizes by carposporophytes of red seaweeds Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinaceae) and Gymnogongrus torulosus (Phyllophoraceae). Journal of Phycology 38: 344-350.
Faugeron, S., Martinez, E.A., Correa, J.A., Cardenas, L., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2004). Reduced genetic diversity and increased population differentiation in peripheral and overharvested populations of Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in southern Chile. Journal of Phycology 40: 454-462.
Feldman, S.C., Stotz, C.A., Vigna, M.S. & Cerezo, A.S. (1994). Carrageenans in the "sterile" stage from gigartina skottsbergii S. et G.. An. Asoc. Quím. Arg. 82: 117-124.
Mansilla, A., Palacios, M., Navarro, N.P. & Avila, M. (2009). Growth and survival performance of the gametophyte of Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) under defined nutrient conditions in laboratory culture. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 19: 439-446, 5 figs, 5 tables.
Matulewicz, M.C., Ciancia, M., Noseda, M.D. & Cerezo, A.S. (1989). Carrageenan systems from tetrasporic and cystocarpic stages of gigartina skottsbergii. Phytochemistry 28: 2937-2941.
Matulewicz, M.C., Ciancia, M., Noseda, M.D. & Cerezo, A.S. (1990). Methylation analyses of carrageenans from tetrasporic and cystocarpic stages of Gigartina skottsbergii. Phytochemistry 29: 3407-3410.
Matulewicz, M.C., Ciancia, M., Noseda, M.D. & Cerezo, A.S. (1990). Methylation analysis of carrageenans from tetrasporic and cystocarpic stages of Gigartina skottsbergii. Phytochemistry 29: 3407-3410.
Piriz, M.L. & Cerezo, A.S. (1991). Seasonal variation of carrageenans in tetrasporic, cystocarpic and 'sterile' stages of Gigartina skottsbergii S. et G. (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Hydrobiologia 226: 65-69.
Piriz, M.L. (1986). Ecología de Gigartina skottsbergii en Chubut, Argentina. Vol. Abstract 134 pp. 87..
Piriz, M.L. (1996). Phenology of a Gigartina skottsbergii Setchell et Gardner population in Chubut Province (Argentina). Botanica Marina 39: 311-316.
Roleda, M.Y., Zacher, K., Wulff, A., Hanelt, D. & Wiencke, C. (2008). Susceptibility of spores of different ploidy levels from Antarctic Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) to ultraviolet radiation. Phycologia 47: 361-370.
Romo, H., Avila, M., Nunez, M., Perez, R., Candia, A. & Aroca, G. (2007). Culture of Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta) in southern Chile. A pilot scale approach. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 81-88.
Westemeir, A., Augilar, J., Sigel, J., Quintanilla, J. & Morales, J. (1999). Biological basis for the management of Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in southern Chile.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 137-147.
Zamorano P., J. & Westermeier H., R. (1996). Phenology of Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) in Ancud Bay, southern Chile. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 253-258.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2018.

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