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Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Gigartinaceae
Genus Gigartina

Pictures

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Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
Gigartina pistillata, lower intertidal, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
Gigartina pistillata, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
Gigartina pistillata, lower intertidal, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
habit with Pseudopolyides furcellarioides and Polyides rotundus, Costa da Morte, Galicia, Spain, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
South Africa. 09 Dec 2011. Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za). © Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za).

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
microscopio, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2006, developing cystocarp. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse
Lourido, A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

 

Fucus evanescens f. contractrus Kjellman

Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984
© Christine Wosnitza

Publication details
Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse 1809: 74

Published in: Stackhouse, J. (1809). Tentamen marino-cryptogamicum, ordinem novum; in genera et species distributum, in Classe XXIVta Linnaei sistens. Mémoires de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 2: [50]-97.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Gigartina.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus pistillatus S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: Doubtful; sent by Sandifort from the Netherlands (The Hague) (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 239). Lectotype: original illustration in the absence of material (S.G. Gmelin, 1768, pl. xviii, fig. 1) (epitype) (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 239). Notes: Only known from drift plants (Stegenga et al. 1997).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), pistillate (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus pistillatus S.G.Gmelin 1768

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus gigartinus Linnaeus 1759
Fucus oederi Esper 1802
Gelidium gigartinum (Linnaeus) Lyngbye 1819
Sphaerococcus gigartinus var. costatus Suhr 1834

Taxonomic notes
Cotton (1915: 201) and Papenfuss (1964: 41) consider that the Falkland Islands record of this species is doubtfully correct.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse)
English: Pestle Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Hommersand, M.H., Guiry, M.D., Fredericq, S. & Leister, G.L. (1993). New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 105-120, 41 figs.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Created: 13 May 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 13294 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Amini, A., Mouradi, A., Bennasser, L. & Givernaud, T. (2007). Seasonal variations in thalli and carrageenan composition of Gigartina pistillata (Gmelin) Stackhouse (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) harvested along the Atlantic coast of Morocco. Phycological Research 55(2): 143-149.
Hommersand, M., Fredericq, S. & Cabioch, J. (1992). Developmental morphology of Gigartina pistillata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 31: 300-325.
Isaac, W.E. & Simons, S.M. (1954). Some observations on Gigartina pistillata (Gmel.) Stackh. from Port Alfred with a record of plants bearing both tetraspores and carpospores. Journal of South African Botany 20: 117-124, 7 figs, Plate VII.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 September 2018.

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