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Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Genus Nitella

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing
Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland. 31 Dec 2018. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com.

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27 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Pinnularia subsolaris (Grunow) Cleve

Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing Collected by Nick Stewart, Edenderry, Co. Offaly, Ireland
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at' 6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing 1843: 319

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Nitella is Nitella opaca (C.Agardh ex Bruzelius) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chara tenuissima N.A.Desvaux

Type information
Type locality: France: Haut-Poitou (Silva 1996-to date).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Tieffallenia Section Gioallenia

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), very fine (Lewis & Short 1890).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chara tenuissima N.A.Desvaux 1809

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara flexilis var. stellata K.F.G.Wallroth 1815
Chara stellata (K.F.G.Wallroth) S.F.Gray 1821
Chara exigua Rabenhorst 1837
Nitella tenuissima var. americana A.Braun 1845
Nitella exigua (Rabenhorst) J.H.Wallman 1853
Nitella tenuissima var. brevifolia T.F.Allen 1880
Nitella tenuissima f. major Migula, Sydow & Wahlstedt 1892
Nitella tenuissima var. callista J.Groves 1928
Nitella tenuissima var. japonica K.Imahori 1950

Habitat notes
generally in temporary freshwater wetlands; mud and shallow water (Muller et al., 2017). - (1 Nov 2017) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Common names

(as Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing)
English: Dwarf Stonewort (Stewart & Church 1992).

Description
The plants are to 10 cm high and often encrusted. In this species the branchlets form compact whorls and this together with the long internodes, gives the algae an appearance of a pearl necklace. The axis is only 300 m in diameter. The branchlets are 2-4 divided and have 2-celled dactyls. The species is monoecious. The gametangia are at the second and the third branchlet furcation. The oogonia are less than 450 m long. The oospore is golden brown and has a strongly reticulate membrane. The antheridium is less than 200 m in diameter.

Habitat
Nitella tenuissima is found in calcareous areas, shallow pools, ponds, peat pits and ditches. The species is easy wiped out of competition from other algae and plants. This has been reported from several localities in Britain (Stewart & Church 1991), and is also the most probable reason for its disappearance in Sweden. The species is annual and is found in shallow waters, to 20-30 cm depth. In the area there is no observation on the fructification of this species. The oospores can survive for many years in the sediment, and than colonize new open areas in the lake if the competing vegetation is removed.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Detailed conservation status with sources
(as Nitella tenuissima (Desvaux) Kützing)
Endangered: (Stewart & Church 1992), (Vulnerable: (Stewart & Church 1992), (Extinct: (Langangen 2007)

Key references
Borisova, O.V. (2015 '2014'). Charales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 454-465. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bueno, N.C., Prado, J.F., Meurer, T. & Bicudo, C.E. de M. (2016). Nitella (Streptophyta, Characeae) from southern Brazil. Iheringia Serie Botânica 71(2): 132-154, 12 figs.

Cirujano, S, Cambra, J., Sánchez Castillo, P.M., Meco, A. & Flor Arnau, N. (2008). Flora ibérica algas continentales. Carófitos (Characeae). pp. [1]-132, 125 figs. Madrid: Real Jardín Botánico.

Hy, F., (1913). Les Characées de France. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 60 (Mémoires 26): 1-47, pls. I-III.

Moore, J.A. (1986). Charophytes of Great Britain and Ireland. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 5. Illustrated by Margaret Tebbs. Distribution maps prepared by Dorothy Green. pp. [i-ii], 1-140, 26 figs, 17 maps. London: Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Muller, S, D., Rhazi, L. & Soulie-Märsche, I. (2017). Diversity and distribution of Characeae in the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia). Crytogamie Algologie 38(3): 201-251.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Watterlot, A. & Prey, T. (2016). Inventaire des Characées sur le territoire picard (Aisne, Oise et Somme): Évaluation patrimoniale. Version No. 2, décembre 2016. pp. [1]-30, Annexe, 31-56 [Maps]. Bailleul: Centre régional de phytosociologie. Conservatoire botanique national de Bailleul.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 15 May 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1795 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Caffrey, J.M. & Monahan, C. (1994). The occurrence of a rare charophyte Nitella tenuissima (Desv.) Kütz. in a newly-constructed section of the Grand Canal. Irish Naturalists' Journal 24: 405-408.
Pericàs, J.J. & Martínez Taberner, A. (1983). Nitellopsis obtusa (Desv. in Lois.) J. Groves i Nitella tenuissima (Desv.) Kütz., dues carofícies noves per a la flora de les Balears. Boll. Soc. Hist. Nat. Balears 27: 209-212.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 August 2019.

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