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Pneophyllum fragile Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Hydrolithaceae
Subfamily Hydrolithoideae
Genus Pneophyllum

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
n Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
n Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
n Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
on Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
on Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
on Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
on Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
on Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
on Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
over Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

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Pneophyllum fragile Kützing
© Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it)

Publication details
Pneophyllum fragile Kützing 1843: 385

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Pneophyllum.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), fragile (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia pruinosa Kützing 1845
Melobesia lejolisii Rosanoff 1866
Dermatolithon lejolisii (Rosanoff) Foslie 1898
Heteroderma lejolisii (Rosanoff) Foslie 1909
Melobesia microspora Rosenvinge 1917
Fosliella lejolisii (Rosanoff) M.Howe 1920
Pneophyllum lejolisii (Rosanoff) Y.M.Chamberlain 1983
Pneophyllum microsporum (Rosenvinge) Y.M.Chamberlain 1983

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Occurs commonly on Acrocarpia spp., Laurencia spp., and on the segrass Amphibolis antarctica (Penrose in Womersley 1996: 271).

Type information
Type locality: Mediterranean Sea (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 268). Holotype: on Sphaerococcus coronopifolius. L 941.241.152 (Chamberlain & Irvine 1994: 141). Notes: Chamberlain and Irvine (1994) recommend consulting Chamberlain (1983: p. 356, figs 26,27) for more information on the holotype of this species. Holotype fragment: PC, unnumbered, Montagne Herbarium (in the bound volume Types d'Algues recues de Monsieur Kützing de Nordhausen en Juin 1846) (Woelkerling 1998: 388).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Caragnano, A., Foetisch, A., Maneveldt, G.W., Millet, L., Liu, L.C., Lin, S.M., Rodondi, G. & Payri, C.E. (2018). Revision of Corallinaceae (Corallinales, Rhodophyta): recognizing Dawsoniolithon gen. nov., Parvicellularium gen. nov. and Chamberlainoideae subfam. nov. containing Chamberlainium gen. nov. and Pneophyllum. Journal of Phycology 54(3): 391-409.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Morcom, N.F., Woelkerling, W.J. & Ward, S.A. (2005). Epiphytic nongeniculate corallines found on Laurencia filiformis f. heteroclada (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). Phycologia 44: 202-211.

Penrose, D. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1991). Pneophyllum fragile in southern Australia: implications for generic concepts in the Mastophoroideae (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 30: 495-506, 27 figs, 1 table.

Penrose, D.L. (1996). Genus Pneophyllum Kützing . In: The Marine Benthic Flora of South Australia. Rhodophyta. Part IIIB, Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 266-272. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Woelkerling, W.J. (1998). Type collections of non-geniculate corallines housed at the Laboratoire de Cryptogamie (PC). In: Non-geniculate coralline red algae and the Paris Muséum: systematics and scientific history. (Woelkerling, W.J. Eds), pp. 279-404. Paris: Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle / ADAC.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. IV Corallinales . pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-147, pls I-V. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 17 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 August 2018 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7460 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Penrose, D. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1991). Pneophyllum fragile in southern Australia: implications for generic concepts in the Mastophoroideae (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 30: 495-506, 27 figs, 1 table.

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Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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