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Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Coccotylus

Pictures

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Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

 

Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada
© Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca)

Publication details
Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine 1992: 75

Published in: Wynne, M.J. & Heine, J.N. (1992). Collections of marine red algae from St. Matthew and St. Lawrence Islands, the Bering Sea. Nova Hedwigia 55: 55-97.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Coccotylus is Coccotylus brodiei (Turner) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus truncatus Pallas

Type information
Type locality: "Eismeer", Eastern Siberia (Silva 1996-to date). Lectotype: LE (Le Gall & Saunders 2010: 382). Notes: Dixon & Irvine (1977: 227) cite "lectotype: LE" Arctic Seas but do not indicate who it was designated the lectotype. Le Gall & Saunders (2010: 382) designate as lectotype, a specimen labeled "truncatus" in what must be Pallas's hand (shown in a copy of photographs of Pallas's collection). Le Gall & Saunders (2010: 382) write "Although Newroth (1970, p. 30; see also Newroth and Taylor 1971) did not view the type collection at the time he wrote his PhD dissertation, he relays correspondence with Zinova in which a specimen with Pallas’s handwriting is discussed and presumably provides the basis for figure 1 in her own work (Zinova 1970, the figure caption in Russian indicating essentially ‘‘Typical form’’) in which the new combination Phyllophora truncata (Pall.) Zinova is presented. Subsequently, Newroth received two photographs of Pallas’s collection and kindly provided us with a copy, which shows a specimen labeled ‘‘truncatus’’ in what must be Pallas’s hand that we designate as the lectotype of C. truncatus."

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), truncate, i.e., ending very abruptly as if cut straing across (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus truncatus Pallas 1776
Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) A.D.Zinova 1970

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phyllophora brodiei var. angustissima C.Agardh
Coccotylus brodiei var. ligulatus Kützing
Coccotylus brodiei var. angustissimus Kützing
Coccotylus brodiaei var. concatenatus Kützing
Coccotylus brodiei var. cuneifolius R.Wollny
Sphaerococcus brodiei var. concatenatus Lyngbye 1819
Sphaerococcus membranifolius var. concatenatus (C.Agardh) Wahlenberg 1826
Sphaerococcus interruptus Greville 1829
Chaetophora subcutanea Lyngbye ex Hornemann 1834
Chondrus truncatus Postels & Ruprecht 1840
Actinococcus roseus Suhr ex Kützing 1843
Agarum brodiei (Turner) Trevisan 1845
Phyllophora brodiei var. concatenata (C.Agardh) Areschoug 1847
Phyllophora interrupta (Greville) J.Agardh 1863
Phyllophora brodiei f. baltica Areschoug ex Gobi 1877
Phyllophora brodiei var. baltica (Areschoug ex Gobi) Hauck 1883
Phyllophora brodiei var. elongata Hauck 1883
Actinococcus subcutaneus (Lyngbye ex Hornemann) Rosenvinge 1893
Phyllophora brodiei f. interrupta (Greville) Rosenvinge 1893
Phyllophora brodiei subsp. interrupta (Greville) Rosenvinge 1893
Phyllophora parvula Darbishire 1896
Phyllophora brodiei f. elongata (Hauck) Svedelius 1901

Taxonomic notes
Guiry (1997) suggests consulting Wynne & Heine (1992) regarding the synonymy between Phyllophora truncata and Coccotylus truncata.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine)
Swedish: Kilrödblad (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of marine algae of Kamchatka and surrounding areas. Vol. 2. Red seaweeds]. pp. 1-301. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Le Gall, L. & Saunders, G.W. (2010). DNA barcoding is a powerful tool to uncover algal diversity: a case study of the Phyllophoraceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in the Canadian flora. Journal of Phycology 46(2): 374-389.

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Created: 13 May 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5547 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.
Martin, G., Paalme, T. & Kukk, H. (1996). Long-term dynamics of the commercially usable Furcellaria lumbricalis-Coccotylus truncatus community in Kassari Bay, west Estonian archipelago, the Baltic Sea. pp. 121-129. Gdynia, Poland: Baltic Coastal Fisheries Resource Management.
Tuvikene, R., Truus, K., Robal, M., Pehk, T., Kailas, T., Vaher, M. & Paalme, T. (2009). Structure and thermal stability of pyruvated carrageenans from the red alga Coccotylus truncatus. Carbohydrate Research 344: 788-794.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 October 2018.

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