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Pseudo-nitzschia australis Frenguelli

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Bacillariophyceae
Subclass Bacillariophycidae
Order Bacillariales
Family Bacillariaceae
Genus Pseudo-nitzschia

Pictures

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Pseudo-nitzschia australis Frenguelli
Silverdale, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, marina, 1000x, DIC. 03 May 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Pseudo-nitzschia australis Frenguelli
Kingston, Washington, USA; ferry terminal, 1000x, DIC. 11 Feb 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Pseudo-nitzschia australis Frenguelli Silverdale, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, marina, 1000x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Pseudo-nitzschia australis Frenguelli 1939: 217, pl. 2: fig. 13

Published in: Frenguelli J. (1939). Diatomeas del Golfo de San Matías. Revista del Museo de La Plata. Nueva serie. Sección botánica 10: 201-226.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Pseudo-nitzschia is Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Cleve) H.Peragallo.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), south, southern (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Nitzschia pseudoseriata G.R.Hasle 1965

Usage notes
Fritz et al., (1992: 439, J. Phycol.: 28) notes this species is a likely source of domoic acid (DA), the amnesic shellfish poisoning toxin, a bloom of which occured in Monterey Bay, California, September 1991. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

Much research has determined that eutrophication highly affects the bloom dynamics of Pseudo-nitzschia australis off the Californian coast. Run-off from streams and rivers has high concentrations of both nitrates and phosphates, which triggers blooms offshore. However, much research and testing in the lab indicates that metal concentrations such as iron and copper can significantly influence domoic acid production within the diatoms (Watershed Resource Center, UCSB) - (28 Mar 2009) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Argentina: Golfo de San Matías (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Churro, C.I., Carreira Cátia, C., Rodrigues, F.J., Craveiro, S.C., Calado, A.J., Casteleyn, G. & Lundholm, N. (2009). Diversity and abundance of potentially toxic Pseudo-nitzschia Peragallo in Aveiro coastal lagoon, Portugal and description of a new variety, P. pungens var. aveirensis var. nov. Diatom Research 24(1): 35-62.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Hasle, G.R. & Lundholm, N. (2005). Pseudo-nitzschia seriata f. obtusa (Bacillariophyceae) raised in tank based on morphological, phylogenetic and distributional data. Phycologia 44: 608-619.

Hasle, G.R. & Syvertsen, E.E. (1996). Marine diatoms. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 5-385. San Diego: Academic Press.

Jameson, I. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2010). Planktonic diatoms. In: Algae of Australia. Phytoplankton of temperate waters. (Hallegraeff, G.M., Bolch, C.J.S., Hill, D.R.A., Jameson, I, LeRoi, J.-M., McMinn, A., Murray, S., de Salas, M.F. & Saunders, K. Eds), pp. 16-82. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS; CSIRO Publishing.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Lundholm, N., Moestrup, O., Kotaki, Y., Hoef-Emden, K., Scholin, C. & Miller, P. (2006). Inter- and intraspecific variation of the Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima-complex (Bacillariophyceae) illustrated by rRNA probes, morphological data and phylogenetic analyses. Journal of Phycology 42: 464-481.

Moschandreou, K.K., Baxevanis, A.D., Katikou, P., Papaefthimiou, D., Nikolaidis, G. & Abatzopoulos, T.J. (2012). Inter- and intra-specific diversity of Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae) in the northeastern Mediterranean. European Journal of Phycology 47(3): 321-339.

Rivera-Vilarelle, M., Quijano-Scheggia, S., Olivos-Ortiz, A., Gavino-Rodriguez, J, H., Castro-Ochoa, F. & Reyes-Herrera, A. (2013). The genus Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae) in Manzanillo and Santiago Bays, Colima, Mexico. Botanica Marina 56(4): 357-373.

Villac, M.C., Kaczmarska, I. & Ehrman, J.M. (2016). Diatoms from ship ballast sediments (with consideration of a few additional species of special interest). Diatom Monographs 18: [1]-557, 235 pls.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5105 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Scholin, C.A., Buck, K.R., Britschgi, T., Cangelosi, G. & Chaves, F.P. (1996). Identification of Pseudo-nitzchia australis (Bacillariophyceae) using rRNA-targeted probes in whole cells and sandwich hybridization formats. Phycologia 35: 190-197, 3 figs, 1 table.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=47045

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 December 2018.

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