Chara aculeolata Kützing
Chara aculeolata Kützing Red-cyan anaglyph. Older growth. Collected by Rose Pride, Peterborough brick pits, UK.Stacked BF image.
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Chara aculeolata Kützing in Reichenbach 1832: 843
Published in: Reichenbach, L. (1832). Flora Germanica excursoria ex affinitate regni vegetabilis naturali disposita, sive principia synopseos plantarum in Germania terrisque in Europa media adjacentibus sponte nascentium cultarumque frequentius / auctore Ludovico Reichenbach, Consil. aul. Reg. Saxon. Dr. Philos. Medic. Chir. Hist. Nat. Prof. Musei Reg. zoolog. et mineralog. Praefect. Horti bot. acad. Dresd. direct. Acad. et Societ. plur. sodali. [...] ; Insunt plantae: Acrobastae et Phylloblastae. Accedit: I. Conspectus generum et clavis systemate sexuali linnaeano. [...] Vol. 2. pp. 843-873 addenda et corrigenda. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: Apud Carolum Cnobloch (Dresden, gedruckt in der Gärtner'schen Buchdruckerei).
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Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Subgenus Chara Section Hartmania
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
This is a freshwater species.
The plants are from 5 to 80 cm long and always encrusted. The axis is 0.5 1.5 cm in diameter. The internodes are long and each node has whorls with 8-12 branchlets, each with 7-9 segments. The stem cortex is diplostichous, tylacanthous. The spine cells are more or less developed, and varying from papillous to the length of the stem diameter, solitary or in clusters of 2-3, and they are often scattered. The plant is monoecious. The gametangia are conjoined at the 3-4 lowest branchlet nodes. The oogonium is solitary, up to 1.3 mm long. The oospore is brown to dark brown. The antheridium is up to 500 m in diameter.
Chara aculeolata a freshwater species which can tolerate slightly brackish water. It is found in Chara- and Potamogeton lakes and is bound to lime-rich localities. It grows on marl gyttje. The species is often found green in the winter. The fructification takes place in June September, and ripe oospores are found from July.
Type locality: "Im Brachteiche bei Tennstädt in Thüringen; Kützing" [Sachsen, Germany] (Reichenbach 1832: 843). Notes: Germany: Thüringen: near Tennstadt; collector: Kützing (INA).
Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, -142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
Nowak, P. & Schubert, H. (2019). Genetic variability of charophyte algae in the Baltic Sea area. Botanica Marina 62(1): 75-82.
Schneider, S.C., Rodrigues, A., Moe, T.F. & Ballot, A. (2015). DNA barcoding the genus Chara: molecular evidence recovers fewer taxa than the classical morphological approach. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 367-380.
Created: 14 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 21 March 2019 by Wendy Guiry
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Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 August 2019.