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Chara aculeolata Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Tribe Chareae
Genus Chara

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Red-cyan anaglyph. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Red-cyan anaglyph. Antheridial shield cells. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Shield cells. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Antheridial shield cells. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Red-cyan anaglyph.Cortex detail. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Cortex detail. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Red-cyan anaglyph.Shield cells. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Red-cyan anaglyph. Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chara aculeolata Kützing
Collected by Paul Furnborough, Peterborough, UK. Stacked BF image. 12 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

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17 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Neogoniolithon myriocarpum (Foslie) Setchell & L.R.Mason

Chara aculeolata Kützing Older growth. Collected by Rose Pride, Peterborough brick pits, UK. Stacked BF image.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Chara aculeolata Kützing in Reichenbach 1832: 843

Published in: Reichenbach, L. (1832). Flora Germanica excursoria ex affinitate regni vegetabilis naturali disposita, sive principia synopseos plantarum in Germania terrisque in Europa media adjacentibus sponte nascentium cultarumque frequentius / auctore Ludovico Reichenbach, Consil. aul. Reg. Saxon. Dr. Philos. Medic. Chir. Hist. Nat. Prof. Musei Reg. zoolog. et mineralog. Praefect. Horti bot. acad. Dresd. direct. Acad. et Societ. plur. sodali. [...] ; Insunt plantae: Acrobastae et Phylloblastae. Accedit: I. Conspectus generum et clavis systemate sexuali linnaeano. [...] Vol. 2. pp. 843-873 addenda et corrigenda. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: Apud Carolum Cnobloch (Dresden, gedruckt in der Gärtner'schen Buchdruckerei).
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chara is Chara vulgaris Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Chara Section Hartmania

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
The plants are from 5 to 80 cm long and always encrusted. The axis is 0.5  1.5 cm in diameter. The internodes are long and each node has whorls with 8-12 branchlets, each with 7-9 segments. The stem cortex is diplostichous, tylacanthous. The spine cells are more or less developed, and varying from papillous to the length of the stem diameter, solitary or in clusters of 2-3, and they are often scattered. The plant is monoecious. The gametangia are conjoined at the 3-4 lowest branchlet nodes. The oogonium is solitary, up to 1.3 mm long. The oospore is brown to dark brown. The antheridium is up to 500 m in diameter.

Habitat
Chara aculeolata a freshwater species which can tolerate slightly brackish water. It is found in Chara- and Potamogeton lakes and is bound to lime-rich localities. It grows on marl gyttje. The species is often found green in the winter. The fructification takes place in June  September, and ripe oospores are found from July.

Type information
Type locality: "Im Brachteiche bei Tennstädt in Thüringen; Kützing" [Sachsen, Germany] (Reichenbach 1832: 843).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.

Schneider, S.C., Rodrigues, A., Moe, T.F. & Ballot, A. (2015). DNA barcoding the genus Chara: molecular evidence recovers fewer taxa than the classical morphological approach. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 367-380.

Created: 14 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 June 2015 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2914 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52860

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 November 2018.

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