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Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Dictyotophycidae
Order Sphacelariales
Family Cladostephaceae
Genus Cladostephus


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Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Cabo de Palos, Murcia, Spain. 07 Jul 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez" . © marmenormarmayor.es.

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Point Lonsdale, Victoria, Australia; on sandy rock. 18 Nov 2013. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Point Lonsdale, Victoria, Australia; on sandy rock. 18 Nov 2013. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
North of Spain, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; shallow subtidal. 17 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Selce, northern Croatia. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Scotland, Oban area east coast. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Cladostephus spongiosus, Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland. 28 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh
Smerwick Harbour, Co. Kerry, Ireland. 12 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower shore sandy pools
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh 1817: xxvi (as 'spongiosus' )

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Cladostephus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Conferva spongiosa Hudson

Type information
Type locality: England (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 574). Lectotype: BM (Womersley 1987: 185).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), spongy, porous, soft like a wet sponge (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva spongiosa Hudson 1762
Ceramium spongiosum (Hudson) Wahlenberg 1826
Dasytrichia spongiosa (Hudson) Bonnemaison 1828

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus bryum Strøm 1788
Cladostephus myriophyllum Bory 1823
Cladostephus laxus C.Agardh 1824
Cladostephus spongiosum var. laxum (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1828
Cladostephus spongiosum f. laxum (C.Agardh) Areschoug 1850
Cladostephus densum Kützing 1856

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Cladostephus verticillatus (Lightf.) C. Agardh as a synonym of this species.

Habitat notes
Growing on rocks from the intertidal to the subtidal zone down to 6 m depth; associated species include Dictyopteris spp., Dictyota coriacea, Padina caulescens, Polysiphonia johnstonii var. concinna and Phyllospadix torreyi (Mazariegos-Villareal et al. 2010) - (5 Oct 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Cladostephus spongiosum (Hudson) C.Agardh)
English: Hairy Sand Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Kawai, H. (2010). A revised classification of the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from a psbC and rbcL based phylogeny. European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 308-326.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mazariegos-Villareal, A., Riosmena-Rodrigues, R., Rivera-Camacho, A.R. & Serviere-Zaragoza, E. (2010). First report of Cladostephus spongiosus (Sphacelariales: Phaeophyta) from the Pacific coast of Mexico. Botanica Marina 53(2): 153-157.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sánchez, I. & Fernández, C. (2005). Impact of the invasive seaweed Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta) on an intertidal macroalgal assemblage. Journal of Phycology 41: 923-930.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. 481, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10873 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 July 2019.

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