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Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh, nom. illeg.

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Sargassum


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Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh
a. rama; b. filoide; c. vesícula; d. cauloide; e. receptáculo. Esquema: Lourdes Moreira..

Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh
Bonaire, Caribbean. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh
Pianosa Island, Tuscan Archipelago, Italy; -4 m depth. David Balata (david.balata@ucd.ie). © David Balata (david.balata@ucd.ie).


Botryocladia obovata (C.Agardh) Kylin

Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh Bonaire, Caribbean
© Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net)

Publication details
Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh 1820: 3, nom. illeg.

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1820 '1821'). Species algarum rite cognitae, cum synonymis, differentiis specificis et descriptionibus succinctis. Volumen primum. Pars prima. pp. [i-iv], [1]-168. Lundae [Lund]: ex officina Berlingiana.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sargassum is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh.

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Sargassum

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), common, general, ordinary (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus salicifolius S.G.Gmelin 1768
Sargassum atlanticum Bory 1829
Sargassum megalophyllum Montagne 1838
Sargassum coarctatum Kützing 1843
Sargassum vulgare var. megalophyllum (Montagne) Vickers 1897

Nomenclatural notes
See Silva, Basson & Moe (1996) regarding the complex nomenclatural history of this entity. Illegitimate: included Fucus salicifolius Lamouroux when described. A proposal for conservation was rejected.

Taxonomic notes
John et al. ( 2004) cite Sargassum albertisii Picc., S. boryanum Mont., S. endiviaefolium Bory,S. cheirifolium Kütz., S. dichocarpum Kütz., S. diversifolium Kunth. S. fissifolium Kütz., S. lendigerum (L.) C. Agardh, S. obtusatum Bory, S. salicifolium f. diversifolia (Bory) Grunow and S. tenue var. gabonensis Grunow as synonyms of this species.

Distributional notes
Reported from drift plants collected in the Orkney Islands (Greville, 1830: 2). John et al. (2003) do not distinguish between Sargassum vulgare and var. foliosissimum when presenting distributions and it is assumed that they are the same as in Lawson & John (1987).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh)
German: Beerentang (Braune 2008).

Type information
Syntype localities: "Ad litora Oceani Atlantici; ex India Occidentali". (Agardh 1820: 5).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Børgesen, F. (1914). The species of Sargassum found along the coasts of the Danish West Indies with remarks upon the floating forms of the Sargasso Sea. In: Mindeskrift i Anledning af Hundredaaret for Japetus Steenstrups Fødsel. (Jungersen, H.F.E. & Warming, E. Eds) Vol. Art. XXXII, pp. 1-20. København: Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; University of California Berkeley.

Ramon, E. & Gil-ad, N.L. (2007). Proposal to conserve the name Sargassum vulgare (Phaeophyceae: Sargassaceae,) with a conserved type. Taxon 56: 955-957.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Thibaut, T., Blanfuné, A., Boudouresque, C.-F. & Verlaque, M. (2015). Decline and local extinction of Fucales in the French Riviera: the harbinger of future extinctions?. Mediterranean Marine Science 16(1): 206-224.

Created: 04 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 14246 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Falcão, C. & Menezes de Széchy, M.T. (2005). Changes in shallow phytobenthic assemblages in southeastern Brazil, following the replacement of Sargassum vulgare (Phaeophyta) by Caulerpa scalpelliformis (Chlorophyta). Botanica Marina 48: 208-217.
Halket, J.Mc., Lisboa, B.P. & Pinheiro-Joventino, F. (1976). The major sterols of Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh investigated by mass chromatography . Arq. Ciênc. Mar. 16(2): 117-122, fig. 1-5, tab. 1 (1977).
Kaur, I. & Vijayaraghavan, M.R. (1992). Oogonial development, maturation and release in Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh and Sargassum johnstonii Setchell & Gardner. Aquatic Botany 42: 173-185, 5 figs.
Kaur, I. & Vijayaraghavan, M.R. (1992). Physode distribution and genesis in Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh and Sargassum johnstoniii Setchell & Gardner. Aquatic Botany 42: 375-384, 4 figs.
Kaur, I. & Vijayaraghavan, M.R. (1993). Histogenesis and conceptacle organization in Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Japanese Journal of Phycology 41: 247-252, 15 figs.
Kaur, I. & Vijayaraghavan, M.R. (1994). Histochemical studies on the mesochiton-stalk, egg and zygote of Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Japanese Journal of Phycology 42: 431-436, 12 figs.
Kaur, I. (1999). Apical meristem of Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh (Phaeophyta, Fucales). Algae 14(1): 37-42, 3 figs.
Nassar, C.A.G., Lavrado, H.P. & Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y. (2002). Effects of iron-ore particles on propagule release, growth and photosynthetic performance of Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh (Phaeophyta, Fucales). Revista Brasileira de Botânica 25: 459-468.
Ramon, E. & Gil-ad, N.L. (2007). Proposal to conserve the name Sargassum vulgare (Phaeophyceae: Sargassaceae,) with a conserved type. Taxon 56: 955-957.
Rull Lluch, J., Gómez Garreta, A., Barceló, M.C. & Ribera, M.A. (1994). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. VII. Cystoseira C. Agardh (Grupo C. baccata) y Sargassum C. Agardh (S. muticum y S. vulgare). Botanica Complutensis 19: 131-138.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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