152,923 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,947 images, 59,143 bibliographic items, 408,271 distributional records.

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Bangiophyceae
Subclass Bangiophycidae
Order Bangiales
Family Bangiaceae
Genus Porphyra

Pictures

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Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. . 22 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. . 22 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; on Fucus. 22 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 29 Mar 2002. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
New Quay, Co. Clare, Ireland; to about 250 mm. 28 Mar 1994. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
New Quay, Co. Clare, Ireland; large plants in pools. 28 Mar 1994. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
Claddagh, Galway, Ireland; epiphytic. 05 Jun 2005. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret
Black Head, Co. Clare, Ireland; translucent fronds on mussels. 28 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Grateloupia filiformis Kützing

Porphyra leucosticta Thuret Claddagh, Galway, Ireland; epiphytic
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Porphyra leucosticta Thuret in Le Jolis 1863: 100

Published in: Le Jolis, A. (1863). Liste des algues marines de Cherbourg. Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg 10: 5-168, pls I-IV.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Porphyra is Porphyra purpurea (Roth) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Pyropia leucosticta (Thuret) Neefus & J.Brodie

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Porphyra vermicellifera Kützing 1843
Phyllona coriacea (Zanardini) Kuntze 1891
Phyllona vermicellifera (Kützing) Kuntze 1891
Phyllona atropurpurea (Olivi) Kuntze 1898

Distributional notes
A study with fresh and old material has revealed that neither Porphyra umbilicalis nor Pyropia leucosticta are present in the Balearic Islands (Vergés et al., 2013). - (7 Oct 2013) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
High antioxidant activity Zubia et al. 2009). - (24 Mar 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Porphyra leucosticta Thuret)
English: Pale Patch Laver (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Delicate membranous monostromatic reddish-brown fronds, becoming pink on drying, to 150 mm long, with very short stipe from basal holdfast.

Habitat
Usually epiphytic on larger algae, mid-intertidaltidal to shallow subtidal, spring to autumn, widely distributed, common.

Type information
Type locality: Rochers des Flamandes, Cherbourg, France (Brodie & Irvine 2003: 120). Type: Thuret; 28 February 1857; PC (Brodie & Irvine 2003: 120). Notes: Isotypes in CHE (Brodie & Irvine, 2003: 120).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Sutherland, J.E., Lindstrom, S.C., Nelson, W.A., Brodie, J., Lynch, M.D., Hwang, M.S., Choi, H.-G., Miyata, M., Kikuchi, N., Oliveira, M.C., Farr, T., Neefus, C., Mols-Mortensen, A. Milstein, D. & Müller, K.M. (2011). A new look at an ancient order: generic revision of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1131-1151.

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Blazina, M., Ivesa, L. & Najdek, M. (2009). Caulerpa racemosa: adaptive varieties studied by fatty acid composition (Northern Adriatic Sea, Vrsar, Croatia). European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 183-189, 4 figs, 1 table.

Brodie, J. & Irvine, L.M. (2003). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3B. Bangiophycidae. pp. i-xiii, 1-167, map. Andover: Intercept.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, O.C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Klein, A.S, Mathieson, A.C., Neefus, C.D., Cain, D.C., Taylor, H.A., Teasdale, B.W., West, A.L., Hehre, E.J., Brodie, J., Yarish, C. & Wallace, A.L. (2003). Identification of north-western Atlantic Porphyra (Bangiaceae, Bangiales) based on sequence variation in nuclear SSU and plastid rbcL genes. Phycologia 42: 109-122, 3 figs, 5 tables.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Müller, K.M., Cannone, J.J. & Sheath, R.G. (2005). A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta) and description of a new genus and species, Pseudobangia kaycoleia. Phycologia 44: 146-155.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sutherland, J.E., Lindstrom, S.C., Nelson, W.A., Brodie, J., Lynch, M.D., Hwang, M.S., Choi, H.-G., Miyata, M., Kikuchi, N., Oliveira, M.C., Farr, T., Neefus, C., Mols-Mortensen, A. Milstein, D. & Müller, K.M. (2011). A new look at an ancient order: generic revision of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1131-1151.

Vinogradova K.L. (2007). The genus Porphyra (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in the north seas of Russia. Botanicheskii Zhurnal 92(4): 532-543, 3 pls.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Yoon, H.S., Muller, K.M., Sheath, R.G., Ott, F.D. & Bhattacharya, D. (2006). Defining the major lineages of red algae (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 482-492.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 11005 times since it was created.

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Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aguilera, J., Figueroa, F.L. & Niell, F.X. (1997). Photocontrol of short-term growth in Porphyra leucosticta (Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 32: 417-424, 5 figs, 2 tables.
Alongi, G. (1998). Struttura e periodismo del popolamento a Porphyra leucosticta (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in due stazioni della Sicilia orientale. Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. 30(353): 167-185, 9 figs, 4 tables.
Baldan, B., Andolfo, P., Culoso, F., Tripodi, G. & Mariani, P. (1995). Polysaccharide localization in the cell wall of Porphyra leucosticta (Bangiophyceae, Rhodophyta) during the life cycle. Botanica Marina 38: 31-36, 14 figs.
Brodie, J., Bartsch, I., Neefus, C., Orfanidis, S., Bray, T.& Mathieson, A.C. (2007). New insights into the cryptic diversity of the North Atlantic-Mediterranean 'Porphyra leucosticta' complex: P. olivii sp. nov. and P. rosengurttii (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 42: 3-28.
Chen, L.C.-M. (1987). Protoplast morphogenesis of Porphyra leucosticta in culture. Botanica Marina 30: 399-403.
Coll, J. & de Oliveira Filho, E.C. (1977). Chromosome counting on 79-year-old dried seaweed, Porphyra leucosticta (Rhodophyta). Experientia 33: 102.
Coll, J. & de Oliveira Filho, E.C. (1977). The nuclear state of 'reproductive' cells of Porphyra leucosticta Thuret in Le Jolis (Rhodophyta, Bangiales). Phycologia 16: 227-229.
Den Hartog, C. (1955). L'association à Monostroma wittrockii et Porphyra leucosticta dans le port de Nice. Revue Algologique, Nouvelle Serie 3: 167-168.
Escassi, L., Aguilera, J., Fernández, J.A. & Figueroa, F.L. (2002). K+ drives reversible thallus enlargement in the marine red algae Porphyra leucosticta (Rhodophyta). Planta 214: 759-766.
Figueroa, F.L., Salles, S., Aguilera, J., Jiménez, C., Mercado, S., Vinegla, B. Flores-Moya, A. & Altamirano, M (1997). Effect of solar radiation on photoinhibition and pigmentation in the red alga Porphyra leucosticta. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 131: 81-90.
Flores-Moya, A., Altamirano, M., Cordero, M., González, M.E. & Pérez, M.G. (1997). Phosphorus-limited growth in the seasonal winter red alga Porphyra leucosticta Thuret in Le Jolis. Botanica Marina 40: 187-191.
Gargiulo, G.M., De Masi, F., Genovese, G. & Tripodi, G. (1994). Karyology and effects of temperature and photoperiod on the life-cycle of Porphyra leucosticta Thuret in Le Jolis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from the Mediterranean Sea. Japanese Journal of Phycology 42: 271-280.
Gretz, M.R., Aronson, J.M. & Sommerfeld, M.R. (1986). Cell wall composition of the conchocelis phases of Bangia atropurpurea and Porphyra leucosticta. Botanica Marina 29: 91-96.
Gretz, M.R., McCandless, E.L., Aronson, J.M. & Sommerfeld, M.R. (1983). The galactan sulphates of the conchocelis phases of Porphyra leucosticta and Bangia atropurpurea. J. Exp. Bot. 34: 705-711.
Holmes, M.J. & Brodie, J. (2005). Phenology and the life history in culture of Porphyra leucosticta (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from Britain . Botanica Marina 48: 218-230.
Lee, R.E. & Fultz, S.A. (1970). Ultrastructure of the Conchocelis stage of the marine red alga Porphyra leucosticta. Journal of Phycology 6: 22-28.
McDonald, A.R., Garbary, D.J., Mitman, G.G. & Chen, L.C.-M. (1992). Rhodamine-phalloidin labelling of the actin cytoskeleton in Porphyra leucosticta (Bangiaceae, Rhodophyta). Korean Journal of Phycology 7(2): 161-166, 13 figs.
Mercado, J.M., Javier, F., Gordillo, L., Niell, F.X. & Figueroa, F.L. (1999). Effects of different levels of CO2 on photosynthesis and cell components of the red alga Porphyra leucosticta. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 455-461.
Orfanidis, S. (2001). Culture Studies of Porphyra leucosticta (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from the Gulf of Thessaloniki, Greece. Botanica Marina 44: 533-539.
Segovia, M., Gordillo, F.J.L., Schaap, P. & Figueroa, F.L. (2002). Light regulation of cyclic-AMP levels in the red macroalga Porphyra leucosticta. J. Photochem. Photobiol. 64: 69-74.
Seoane-Camba, J.A. (2003). New ultrastructural data on male gametogenesis and fertilization in Porphyra leucosticta (Rhodophyta, Bangiales). Europen Journal of Cell Biology : .
Sheath, R.G., Hellebust, J.A. & Sawa, T. (1977). Changes in plastid structure, pigmentation and photosynthesis of the conchocelis stage of Porphyra leucosticta (Rhodophyta, Bangiophyceae) in response to low light and darkness. Phycologia 16: 265-276.
Sidirelli-Wolff, M. (1992). The influence of temperature, irradiance and photoperiod on the reproductive life history of Porphyra leucosticta (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in laboratory culture. Botanica Marina 35: 251-257.
Tsekos, I. & Delivopoulos, S. (2002). Ultrastructure of the differentiating zygotospores of Porphyra leucosticta (Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 50(4): 265-274.
Tsekos, I. & Reiss, H.-D. (1990). The supramolecular organization of photosynthetic membranes of the thallus stage of Porphyra leucosticta Thuret. (bangiales, Rhodophyta) visualized by freeze-fracture. Bot. Acta. 103: 244-249.
Tsekos, I., Niell, F.X., Aguilera, J., López-Figueroa, F. & Delivopoulos, S.G. (2002). Ultrastructure of the vegetative gametophytic cells of Porphyra leucosticta (Rhodophyta) grown in red, blue and green light. Phycological Research 50(4): 251-264.
Verlag, G.T. (1990). The supramolecular organization of photosynthetic membranes of the thallus stage of Porphyra leucosticta Thuret. (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) visualized by freeze-fracture.. Botanica Acta 3: 223-322.
Wardle, W.J. (1992). Range extension for Porphyra leucosticta Thuret (Rhodophyta: Bangiales) from the central to the upper Texas coast. Texas J. Sci. 44: 117-118.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2018.

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