153,875 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,014 images, 59,578 bibliographic items, 413,474 distributional records.

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Chordaceae
Genus Chorda

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
sporangia in cross section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
subtidal with Ulva rigida, Ría de Vivero, Galicia, Spain, 2015,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
cross section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2016,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
cross section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2016,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
cross section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2016,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
subtidal with Cutleria multifida, Ría de Vivero, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
cross section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2016,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
transverse section, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
transverse section, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse
hairs, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

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33 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Hapalosiphon hibernicus West & G.S.West

Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse cross section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2016,
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse 1797: xxiv, 40, pl. X

Published in: Stackhouse, J. (1797). Nereis britannica; continens species omnes fucorum in insulis britannicis crescentium: descriptione latine et anglico, necnon iconibus ad vivum depictis... Fasc. 2. pp. ix-xxiv, 31-70, pls IX-XIII. Bathoniae [Bath] & Londini [London]: S. Hazard; J. White.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Chorda.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus filum Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "in Oceano Atlantico" (Athanasiadis 1996: 207).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), a thread (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus filum Linnaeus 1753
Ceramium filum (Linnaeus) R.H.Wiggers 1780
Chordaria filum (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1817
Scytosiphon filum (Linaeus) C.Agardh 1820
Chondrus filum (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1824

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus filiformis Strøm 1762
Fucus thrix Stackhouse 1796
Chorda filum var. thrix (Stackhouse) Greville 1830
Chorda filum var. subtomentosa Areschoug 1875
Chorda filum f. subtomentosa (Areschoug) Kjellman 1883
Chorda filum f. crassipes Kjellman 1883
Chorda filum f. typica Kjellman 1883

Distributional notes
"This circumboreal species was considered an accidentally introduced species in the Mediterranean Sea with mollusc culture (Cormaci et al., 2004: 177). It was reported for the first time in 1985 from the Thau Lagoon (France). However, Hamel (1938: 313) refers about specimens of this species collected near Nice (France) and held in Herbarium Thuret." (Cormaci et al. 2012: 394). Verlaque et al. 2015: 59) further reported plants from Greece seemingly collected about 1899, and that populations were well established in the Etang de Thau in France. - (26 Aug 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse)
English: Dead Men's Ropes, Mermaid's Tresses, Cat gut, Sea lace (Dickinson 1963), Mermaid's fishing line (Madlener 1977), Sea Laces (Anonymous 1978), Mermaid's Line (Chapman & Chapman 1980), Bootlace Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Gaeilge: Roccálach, Ruadhálach (Brennan 1950), Ruálach, Doruithe Briain (Anonymous 1978).

German: Meersaite (Braune 2008).

Japanese: Tsurumo (Madlener 1977).

Swedish: Sudare (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
fil de mer {Fr}; meersaite {Ger}; sea lace {Eng}; "lace, sea"

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cho, G.Y. (2010). Laminariales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 2. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ishigeales, Dictyotales, Desmarestiales, Sphacelariales, Cutleriales, Ralfisales, Laminariales. (Anon. Eds), pp. 175-196. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Kawai, H., Sasaki, H., Maeda, Y. & Arai, S. (2001). Morphology, life history, and molecular phylogeny of Chorda rigida, sp. nov. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from the Sea of Japan and the genetic diversity of Chorda filum. Journal of Phycology 37: 130-142.

Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Sasaki, H. & Kawai, H. (2007). Taxonomic revision of the genus Chorda (Chordaceae, Laminariales) on the basis of sporophyte anatomy and molecular phylogeny. Phycologia 46: 10-21.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Zinova, A.D. (1953). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-224. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 14196 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Izquierdo, J.L., Gallardo, T. & Pérez-Ruzafa, I. (1996). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. IX. Sacchorhiza polyschides (Lightf.) Batt. y Chorda filum (L.) Stackh. (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 20: 105-115.
Kawai, H., Sasaki, H., Maeda, Y. & Arai, S. (2001). Morphology, life history, and molecular phylogeny of Chorda rigida, sp. nov. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from the Sea of Japan and the genetic diversity of Chorda filum. Journal of Phycology 37: 130-142.
Kogame, Y. & Kawai, H. (1996). Development of the intercalary meristem in Chorda filum (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) and other primitive Laminariales. Phycological Research 44: 247-260.
Lee, Y.-P. & Oh, Y.-S. (1998). Morphology and anatomy of Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse (Chordaceae, Phaeophyta) in Korea. Algae (The Korean Journal of Phycology) 13(1): 69-77, 5 figs.
Novaczek, I., Bird, C.J. & McLachlan, J. (1986). The effect of temperature on development and reproduction in Chorda filum and C. tomentosa (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) from Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 2414-2420.
Ohmi, H. (1954). New species of Porphyra, epiphytic on Chorda filum from Hokkaido. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 5: 231-239.
Riouall, R. (1985). Sur la présence dans l'Etange de Thau (Hérault-France) de Sphaerotrichia divaricata (C. Ag.) Kylin et Chorda filum (L.) Stackhouse. Botanica Marina 28: 83-86.
Russell, G. (1987). Note on Baltic Chorda filum. British Phycological Journal 22: 311.
South, G.R. & Burrows, E.M. (1967). Studies on marine algae of the British Isles. 5. Chorda filum (L.) Stackh.. British Phycological Bulletin 3: 379-402.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 December 2018.

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