155,857 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,968 images, 60,239 bibliographic items, 439,623 distributional records.

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Fucaceae
Genus Fucus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Fucus vesiculosus, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Fucus vesiculosus, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Silverstrand, Co. Galway, Ireland. 29 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Silverstrand, Co. Galway, Ireland. 29 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
21 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
St Ives Cornwall England. 04 Sep 2011. Ester Serrão. © Ester Serrão.

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 24 Aug 1979. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Zeeland delta, Netherlands. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus
Scotland, Oban area east coast. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

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38 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; fertile plant in pool; no bladders
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus 1753: 1158

Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Vol. 2 pp. [i], 561-1200, [1-30, index], [i, err.]. Holmiae [Stockholm]: Impensis Laurentii Salvii.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Fucus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), covered with little bladders or blisters (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Halidrys vesiculosus (Linnaeus) Stackhouse 1809
Virsodes vesiculosum (Linnaeus) Kuntze 1891

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus inflatus Linnaeus 1753
Fucus divaricatus Linnaeus 1753
Fucus excisus Forsskål 1775
Fucus vesiculosus var. divaricatus (Linnaeus) Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Fucus vesiculosus var. rigidus Wahlenberg 1812
Fucus balticus C.Agardh 1814
Fucus vesiculosus var. angustifolius C.Agardh 1817
Fucus vesiculosus var. nanus C.Agardh 1817
Fucus vesiculosus var. subecostatus C.Agardh 1817
Fucus vesiculosus f. acutus Lyngbye 1819
Fucus vesiculosus var. filiformis C.Agardh 1819
Fucus vesiculosus var. alternans C.Agardh 1820
Fucus vesiculosus var. grandifrons C.Agardh 1821
Fucus vesiculosus var. ceratiformis Wahlenberg 1826
Fucus vesiculosus var. laterifructus Greville 1828
Fucus vesiculosus var. chondriformis J.Agardh 1836
Fucus vesiculosus var. balticus (C.Agardh) Areschoug 1847
Fucus vesiculosus f. vadorum Areschoug 1868
Fucus axillaris var. subecostatus J.Agardh 1868
Fucus vesiculosus subsp. pseudoceranoides Areschoug 1868
Fucus vesiculosus var. sphaerocarpus J.Agardh 1872
Fucus vesiculosus f. pseudoceranoides (Areschoug) Kleen 1874
Fucus vesiculosus f. sphaerocarpus (J.Agardh) Kleen 1874
Fucus vesiculosus f. angustifrons Gobi 1878
Fucus axillaris f. balticus (C.Agardh) Kjellman 1880
Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis Farlow 1881
Fucus vesiculosus f. angustifolius (C.Agardh) Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. filiformis (C.Agardh) Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. nanus (C.Agardh) Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. plicatus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. subecostatus (C.Agardh) Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. racemosus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. tenuis Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus var. rotundatus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. crispus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. flabellatus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. robustus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. subglobosus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. terminalis Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. turgidus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. lanceolatus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. fluviatilis Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. abbreviatus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. latus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. subfusiformis Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. elongatus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. typicus Kjellman 1890
Fucus vesiculosus f. limicola Collins 1906
Fucus vesiculosus f. balticus (C.Agardh) Dannenberg 1927
Fucus vesiculosus var. aestuarii Lami 1938
Fucus vesiculosus f. balticus Levring 1940

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Fucus lutarius (Kütz.) Sidi-Moussa as a synonym of this name.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus)
Breton: Vraic (Madlener 1977).

English: Paddy Tang (Dickinson 1963), Paddy-tang (Ohmi 1968), Red fucus, Dyers Fucus, Swine tang, Sea ware, Bladder, Rockweed, Bladderwrack, Popping wrack, Wrack (Madlener 1977), Bladder wrack (Anonymous 1978), Bladder-wrack (Rhoads & Zunic 1978).

French: Fucus vésiculeux (Boisvert 1984).

Gaeilge: Feamainn bhoilgíneach (Anonymous 1978).

German: Blasentang (Braune 2008).

Portuguese: Trambolho, Estalos, Esgalhota, Bagão, Limbo-bexiga (Oliveira, 1990), Bodelha (Morton et al., 1998).

Swedish: Blåstång (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

(as Fucus vesiculosus f. vadorum Areschoug)
English: Bladder wrack (Anonymous 1978).

Gaeilge: Barrchonlach (Anonymous 1978).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
lady wrack {Eng}; sea ware {Eng}; black tang {Eng}; bladder fucus {Eng}; chOne marin {Fr}; bladder wrack rockweed {Eng}; fucus {Sp & Mex}; "fucus, bladder"; "tang, black"; "ware, sea"; "wrack, lady"; "rockweed, bladder wrack"

Type information
Type locality: "Habitat in Mari Atlantico" (Atlantic Ocean) (Linnaeus 1753: 1158). Type: LINN 1274.48 (Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis 2009: 252).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cho, G.Y, Rousseau, F., Reviers, B. de & Boo, S.M. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships within the Fucales (Phaeophyceae) assessed by the photosystem I coding psaA sequences. Phycologia 45: 512-519.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Fletcher, R.L. (1987). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. 3. Fucophyceae (Phaeophyceae). Part 1. pp. [i]-x, [1]-359, 90 figs, 15 pls. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.

Zinova, A.D. (1953). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-224. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 145125 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alam, M., Chakravarti, A. & Ikawa, M. (1971). Lipid composition of the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus. Journal of Phycology 7: 267-268, 1 fig, 1 table.
Arnold, T.M., Targett, N.M., Tanner, C.E., Hatch, W.I. & Ferrari, K.E. (2001). Evidence for methyl jasmonate-induced phlorotannin production in Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae) (Note). Journal of Phycology 37: 1026-1029.
Arrontes, J.. (1983). Estudio ecológico del horizonte de Fucus vesiculosus. Biología de Dynamene bidentata. PhD Dissertation, Universidad de Oviedo, Spain. pp. 93.
Baardseth, E. & Cuesta, M.A. (1983). Relationship between the diatom Navicula endophytica Hasle and the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus L., a statistical study. Sarsia 68: 165-169.
Berger, R., Malm, T. & Kautsky, L. (2001). Two reproductive strategies in Baltic Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 36: 265-274.
Bergstrom, L., Berger, R. & Kautsky, L. (2003). Negative direct effects of nutrient enrichment on the establishment of Fucus vesiculosus in the Baltic Sea. European Journal of Phycology 38(1): 41-46.
Billard, E., Daguin, C., Pearson, G., Serrão, E., Engel C. & Valero M. (2005). Genetic isolation between three closely related taxa: Fucus vesiculosus, F. spiralis and F. ceranoides (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41(4): 900-905.
Billard, E., Serrão, E.A., Pearson, G.A., Engel, C.R., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2006). Analysis of sexual phenotype and prezygotic fertility in natural populations of Fucus spiralis, F. vesiculosus (Fucaceae, Phaeophyceae) and their putative hybrids. European Journal of Phycology 40(4): 397-407.
Billard, E., Serrão, E.A., Pearson, G.A., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2010). Fucus vesiculosus and spiralis complex: a nested model of local adaptation at the shore level. Marine Ecology Progress Series 405: 163-174.
Bonsdorff, E. & Nelson, W.G. (1996). Apical growth-measurements of Fucus vesiculosus L.: Limited value in monitoring. Botanica Marina 39: 129-132.
Borowczak, E., Kentzer, T. & Potulska-Klein, B. (1977). Effect of gibberellin and kinetin on the regeneration ability of Fucus vesiculosus L.. Biol. Plant. (Praha) 19: 405-412.
Bäck, S., Collins, J.C. & Russell, G. (1991). Effects of salinity on growth of Baltic and Atlantic Fucus vesiculosus. British Phycological Journal 26: 81-82.
Bäck, S., Collins, J.C. & Russell, G. (1992). Comparative ecophysiology of Baltic and Atlantic Fucus vesiculosus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 84: 71-82.
Bäck, S., Collins, J.C. & Russell, G. (1992). Effects of salinity on growth of Baltic and Atlantic Fucus vesiculosus. British Phycological Journal 27: 39-47.
Bäck, S., Collins, J.C.C. & Russell, G. (1990). Reproductive biology of Baltic Fucus vesiculosus. British Phycological Journal 25: 84.
Cairrao, E., Pereira, M.J., Morgado, F., Nogueira, A.J.A., Guilhermino, L. & Soares, A.M.V.M. (2009). Phenotypic variation of Fucus ceranoides, F. spiralis and F. vesiculosus in a temperate coast (NW Portugal). Botanical Studies 50: 205-215.
Canovas, F., Mota, C., Ferreira-Costa, J., Serrão, E., Coyer, J. Olsen, J. & Pearson, G (2011). Development and characterization of 35 single nucleotide polymorphism markers for the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus. European Journal of Phycology 46(4): 342-351.
Carlson, L. (1991). Seasonal variation in growth, reproduction and nitrogen content of Fucus vesiculosus L. in the Öresund, Southern Sweden. Botanica Marina 34: 447-453, 7 figs.
Chambers, J. A. & Burnett, J. H. (1958). Metabolic studies on Fucus vesiculosus. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 3: 22.
Chapman, A. R. O. (1990). Competitive interactions between Fucus spiralis L. and Fucus vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 205-209.
Collén, J. & Davison, I.R. (2001). Seasonality and thermal acclimation of reactive oxygen metabolism in Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 37: 474-481.
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Craigie, J.S., McInnes, A.G., Ragan, M.A. & Walter, J.A. (1977). Chemical constituents of the physodes of brown algae. Characterization by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of oligomers of phloroglucinol from Fucus vesiculosus (L.). Can. J. Chem. 55: 1575-1582.
Creed, J.C., Kain (Jones), J.M. & Norton, T.A. (1992). The importance of density and self-thinning in a population of Fucus vesiculosus. British Phycological Journal 27: 87.
Derenbach, J.B. & Gereck, M.V. (1980). Interference of petroleum hydrocarbons with the sex pheromone reaction of Fucus vesiculosus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 44: 61-65.
Ekelund, N.G.A., Nygård, C.A., Nordström, R. & Gylle, A.M. (2009). In situ study of relative electron transport rates in the marine macroalga Fucus vesiculosus in the Baltic Sea at different depths and times of year. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 19: 301-306, 1 fig, 3 tables.
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Floc'h, J.-Y. & Penot, M. (1981). Translocation of 32p and 86Rb in some brown algae (Laminaria digitata and Fucus vesiculosus): influence of metabolism and sinks. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 176-187.
Flothe, C.R., Molis,M. & John, U. (2014). Induced resistance to periwinkle grazing in the brown seaweed Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae): molecular insights and seaweed-mediated effects on herbivore interactions. Journal of Phycology 50(3): 564-576.
Flothe, C.R., Molis,M., Kruse, I., Weinberger, F. & John, U. (2014). Herbivore-induced defence response in the brown seaweed Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae): temporal pattern and gene expression. European Journal of Phycology 49(3): 356-369.
Fulcher, R.G. & McCully, M.E. (1969). Laboratory culture of the intertidal brown alga Fucus vesiculosus. Canadian Journal of Botany 47: 219-222.
Gledhill, M., Nimmo, M., Hill, S.J. & Brown, M.T. (1999). The release of copper-complexing ligands by the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae) in response to increasing total copper levels. Journal of Phycology 35: 501-509, 6 figs, 4 tables.
Gorostiaga, J.M. (1994). Fucus chalonii or Fucus vesiculosus var. linearis?. The Phycologist 37: 43-44.
Graiff, A., Dankworth, M., Wahl, M., Karsten, U. & Bartsch, I. (2017). Seasonal variations of Fucus vesiculosus fertility under ocean acidification and warming in the western Baltic. Botanica Marina 60(3): 239-255.
Gylle, A.M, Rantamaki, S., Ekelund, N.G.A. & Tyystjarvi, E. (2011). Fluorescence emission spectra of marine and brackish-water ecotypes of Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus radicans (Phaeophyceae) reveal differences in light-harvesting apparatus. Journal of Phycology 47(1): 98-105.
Gylle, A.M., Isaksson, D., Ekelund, N.G.A. (2009). Ecotype differentiation in qualitative content of water soluble organic compounds between marine and brackish Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 57(2): 127-130.
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Ikawa, M., Alam, M. & Chakravarti, A. (1971). Lipid composition of the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus. Journal of Phycology 7: 267-268.
Jensen, A. (1964). Ascorbic acid in Ascophyllum nodosum, Fucus serratus and Fucus vesiculosus. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 4: 319-325.
Johannesson, K., Johansson, D., Larsson, K.H., Huenchunir, C.J. Perus, J., Forslund, H., Kautsky, L. & Pereyra, R.T. (2011). Frequent clonality in fucoids (Fucus radicans and Fucus vesiculosus; Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in the Baltic Sea. Journal of Phycology 47(5): 990-998.
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Johnson, S.C. & Scheibling, R.E. (1987). Structure and dynamics of epifaunal assemblages on intertidal macroalgae Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus in Nova Scotia, Canada. Marine Ecology Progress Series 37: 209-227.
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Kalvas, A. & Kautsky, L. (1993). Geographical variation in Fucus vesiculosus morphology in the Baltic and North Seas. European Journal of Phycology 28: 85-91, 7 figs.
Kalvas, A. & Kautsky, L. (1998). Morphological variation in Fucus vesiculosus populations along temperate and salinity gradients in Iceland. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK 78: 985-1001, 7 figs, 3 tables.
Kangas, P., Autio, H., Hällfors, G., Luther, H., Niemi, Å. & Salemaa, H. (1982). A general model of the decline of Fucus vesiculosus at Tvärmine, south coast of Finland in 1977-81. Acta Bot. Fen. 118: 1-27.
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Kautsky, N., Kautsky, H., Kautsky, U. & Waern, M. (1986). Decreased depth penetration of Fucus vesiculosus (L.) since the 1940's indicates eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 28: 1-8.
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Kiirikki, M. (1996). Experimental evidence that Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyta) controls filamentous algae by means of the whiplash effect. European Journal of Phycology 31: 61-66, 6 figs.
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King, R.J. & Schramm, W. (1976). Determination of photosynthetic rates for the marine algae Fucus vesiculosus and Laminaria digitata. Marine Biology, Berlin 37: 209-213.
Knight, M. & Parke, M. (1950). A biological study of Fucus vesiculosus L. and F. serratus L.. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 26: 439-514.
Lauze, J.F. & Hable, W.E. (2017). Delayed growth and cell division in embryos of Fucus vesiculosus after parental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and metals. Botanica Marina 60(2): 149-152.
Lehvo, A., Bäck, S. & Kiirikki, M. (2001). Growth of Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyta) in the Northern Baltic Proper: Energy and Nitrogen storage in seasonal environment. Botanica Marina 44: 345-350.
Liaaen, S. & Sørensen, N. A. (1956). Postmortal changes in the carotenoids of Fucus vesiculosus. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 2: 25-32.
López Rodríguez, Mª.C. & Pérez-Cirera, J.L. (1995). Aportación al conocimiento de la influencia de la contaminación industrial en Fucus vesiculosus y Fucus spiralis en el N.O. de la Península Ibérica. Studia Botanica 13: 21-29.
López-Rodríguez, M.C. & Pérez-Cirera, J.L. (1998). The effects of different environmental conditions on colonization and succession in the Fucus vesiculosus community on the Galician coasts (Northwestern Iberian Peninsula). Botanica Marina 41: 581-592.
López-Rodríguez, M.C., Bárbara, I. & Pérez-Cirera, J.L. (1999). Effects of pollution on Fucus vesiculosus communities on the northwest Iberian Atlantic coast. Ophelia 51(2): 129-141.
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Luther, H. (1981). Occurrence and ecological requirements of Fucus vesiculosus in semi-enclosed inlets of the Archipelago Sea, SW Finland. Ann. Bot. Fen. 18: 187-200.
Müller-Stoll, W. R. (1958). Fucus vesiculosus in der westlichen Ostsee, Okologische und Biochemische verhaltnisse. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 3: 14-15.
MacDonald, M.A., Fensom, D.S. & Taylor, A.R.A. (1974). Electrical impedance in Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus in relation to cooling, freezing, and desiccation. Journal of Phycology 10: 462-469.
Malm, T. & Kautsky, L. (2003). Differences in life-history characteristics are consistent with the vertical distribution pattern of Fucus serratus and Fucus vesiculosus (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in the Central Baltic Sea. Journal of Phycology 39: 880-887.
Malm, T., Kautsky, L. & Claesson, T. (2003). The density and survival of Fucus vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Phaeophyta) on different bedrock types on a Baltic Sea moraine coast. Botanica Marina 46: 256-262.
Manga, N. & Hughes, G. (1981). Heavy metal concentrations in Fucus vesiculosus, Mytilus edulis and Littorina littorea from Carlingford Lough. Irish Naturalists' Journal 20: 302-304.
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