148,347 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,273 images, 57,033 bibliographic items, 359,972 distributional records.

Solieria filiformis (Kützing) P.W.Gabrielson

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Solieriaceae
Genus Solieria


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Solieria filiformis (Kützing) P.W.Gabrielson
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Foto: Ángel Moreira..


Trachelomonas urceolata A.C.Stokes

Solieria filiformis (Kützing) P.W.Gabrielson recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Foto: Ángel Moreira.

Publication details
Solieria filiformis (Kützing) P.W.Gabrielson 1985: 278, figs 1b, 1d, 2

Published in: Gabrielson, P.W. (1985). Agardhiella versus Neoagardhiella (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta): another look at the lectotypification of Gigartina tenera. Taxon 34: 275-280, 2 figs..

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Solieria is Solieria chordalis (C.Agardh) J.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Euhymenia filiformis Kützing

Type information
Type locality: Antigua Island, Antilles (Silva 1996-to date). Lectotype: L 941,98...429 (Gabrielson 1985: 278). Notes: comm. Lappe.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), thread-like (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Euhymenia filiformis Kützing 1863

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Mychodea filiformis (Kützing) Kützing 1867
Solieria tenera (J.Agardh) M.J.Wynne & W.R.Taylor 1973

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Solieria tenera (J.Agardh) M.J.Wynne & W.R.Taylor)
Europe: Britain (Farnham 1980).

North America: Virginia (Humm 1979).

South America: Brazil (Oliveira Filho 1977).

Australia and New Zealand: Victoria (Womersley 1994).

(as Solieria filiformis (Kützing) P.W.Gabrielson)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Curiel et al. 2012), Britain (Guiry 2012), France (Klein & Verlaque 2011 ), Italy (Perrone & Cecere 1994, Klein & Verlaque 2011 ), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992, John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005).

North America: Florida (Schneider & Searles 1991, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Georgia (Schneider & Searles 1991), North Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991), South Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991), Texas (Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013).

Caribbean Islands: Antigua (Klein & Verlaque 2011 ), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Martínez-Daranas, Esquivel & Hernández 2001, Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Trinidad & Tobago (Duncan & Lee Lum 2006).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Falcão & Menezes de Széchy 2005, Creed et al. 2010), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Gabon (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Ghana (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Senegal (John et al. 2004).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Iran (Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999), Israel (Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008).

Distributional notes
This species was introduced accidentally, probably via shipping with secondary dispersal by oyster transfers, into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 187), being first found in the Mar Piccolo di Taranto in 1922. - (6 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Key references
Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Klein, J.C. & Verlaque, M. (2011). Macroalgae newly recorded, rare or introduced to the French Mediterranean coast. Cryptogamie Algologie 32(2): 111-130.

Perrone, C. & Cecere, E. (1994). Two solieriacean algae new to the Mediterranean - Agardhiella subulata and Solieria filiformis (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Journal of Phycology 30(1): 98-108, 36 figs.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2014). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 30 July 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3665 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Dawes, C.J. & Koch, E.W. (1988). Physiological acclimation of the Caribbean seaweeds Eucheuma isiforme and Solieria filiformis (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in culture. Carib. J. Sci. 24(3-4): 89-94.
Perrone, C. & Cecere, E. (1994). Two solieriacean algae new to the Mediterranean - Agardhiella subulata and Solieria filiformis (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Journal of Phycology 30(1): 98-108, 36 figs.
Perrone, C. & Cecere, E. (1997). Regeneration and mechanisms of secondary attachment in Solieria filiformis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 120-127, 17 figs.
Robledo, D. R. & García-Reina, G. (1993). Apical callus formation in Solieria filiformis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) cultured in tanks. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 401-406.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 June 2017.

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