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Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Furcellariaceae
Genus Furcellaria

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Muigh Inis, Co. Galway; intertidal lagoon. 13 Jul 2018. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
with Pseudopolyides furcellarioides, North of Spain, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
microcope, transverse seccion, Brittany, France, 2001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
microcope, transverse seccion, Brittany, France, 2001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
microcope, with gonimocarps, Brittany, France, 2001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
microcope, longitudinal seccion, Brittany, France, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
microcope, transverse seccion, North of Spain, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
lower intertidal, male plants, Brittany, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
lower intertidal, Brittany, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
lower intertidal, Brittany, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Conferva ruchingeri C.Agardh

Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ir; on rock, MLWN; to 120 mm long
© M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux 1813: 46

Published in: Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1813). Essai sur les genres de la famille des thalassiophytes non articulées. Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 20: 21-47, 115-139, 267-293, pls 7-13.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Furcellaria.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus lumbricalis Hudson

Type information
Type locality: [unlocalised; certainly England] (Hudson 1762: 471). Lectotype: BM (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 181). Notes: An undated, unlocalized Hudson specimen accepted provisionally as of lectotype status by Dixon & Irvine, 1977: 138 (Dixon & Irvine, 1977: 181).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), worm-shaped (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus lumbricalis Hudson 1762

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus fastigiatus Linnaeus 1753
Fucus furcellatus Linnaeus 1763
Ceramium fastigiatum (Linnaeus) R.H.Wiggers 1780
Fucus lumbricalis var. fastigiatus Turner 1807
Fastigiaria furcellata (Linnaeus) Stackhouse 1809
Fastigiaria linnaei Stackhouse 1809
Furcellaria fastigiata (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Furcellaria fastigiata var. minor C.Agardh 1817
Furcellaria lumbricalis var. fastigiata (Turner) Lyngbye 1819
Polyides lumbricalis var. fastigiata C.Agardh 1822
Sphaerococcus fastigiatus (Linnaeus) Wahlenberg 1826
Polyides rotunda f. fastigiata (C.Agardh) Duby 1830
Furcellaria fastigiata f. tenuior Areschoug 1883
Furcellaria fastigiata f. aegagropila Reinke 1889
Furcellaria fastigiata f. minor (C.Agardh) Svedelius 1901

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux)
English: Clawed Fork Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Swedish: Kräkel (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

(as Furcellaria fastigiata (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux)
English: Black Carrageen (Brennan 1950).

Gaeilge: Crúba préacháin, Leaba portáin (Brennan 1950), Leaba phortáin (Anonymous 1978).

Description
Cartilaginous, cylindrical, brownish-black fronds, repeatedly dichotomously branched, fastigiate, to 2 mm diam. and 300 mm long, with acute apices. Attached by much-branched rhizoids. Multiaxial, medulla of cylindrical cells interspersed with rhizoids, cortex of irregular filaments, inner cells elliptical, outer cells narrow, elongated, in radial rows.

Habitat
On rocks, lower intertidal and shallow subtidal, in pools and runnels, in open situations, often on sandy and muddy shores, tolerating lowered salinities. Generally distributed, common.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Austin, A.P. (1960). Life history and reproduction of Furcellaria fastigata (L.) Lam. 2. The tetrasporophyte and reduction division in the tetrasporangium. Annals of Botany, New Series 24: 296-310.

Austin, A.P. (1960). Life history and reproduction of Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lam. 1. The haploid plants and the development of the carposporophyte. Annals of Botany, New Series 24: 257-274.

Austin, A.P. (1960). Observations on the growth, fruiting and longevity of Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lam.. Hydrobiologia 5: 193-207.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Miscellaneous notes on algal taxonomy and nomenclature. IV. Botaniska Notiser 120: 137-141.

Kostamo, K. & Mäkinen, A. (2006). Observations on the mode and seasonality of reproduction in Furcellaria lumbricalis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) populations in the northern Baltic Sea.. Botanica Marina 49(4): 304-309, 4 figs, 4 tables .

Larsen, A. & Sand-Jensen, K. (2005). Salt tolerance and distribution of estuarine benthic macroalgae in the Kattegat-Baltic Sea area. Phycologia 45: 13-23.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mathieson, A.C., Pederson, J.R., Neefus, C.D., Dawes, C.J. & Bray, T.L. (2008). Multiple assessments of introduced seaweeds in the Northwest Atlantic. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 730–741.. ICES Journal of Marine Science 65: 730-741, 5 figs.

Wernberg, T. (2006). Scale of impact determines early post-disturbance assemblage structure in subtidal Fucus beds in the Baltic Sea (Bornholm, Denmark). European Journal of Phycology 41: 105-113.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 18301 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Barwell, C.J. (1983). The distribution of histamine in Furcellaria lumbricalis. British Phycological Journal 18: 200.
Barwell, C.J. (1989). Distribution of histamine in the thallus of Furcellaria lumbricalis. J Appl Phycol 1: 341-344.
Bird, C.J., Saunders, G.W. & Mclachlan, J. (1991). Biology of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) Lamouroux (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales), a commercial carrageenophyte. Journal of Applied Phycology 3: 61-82.
Bird, N.L., Chen, L.C.-M. & McLachlan, J. (1979). Effects of temperature, light and salinity on growth in culture of Chondrus crispus, Furcellaria lumbricalis, Gracilaria tikvahiae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) and Fucus serratus (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Botanica Marina 22: 521-527.
Blunden, G., Smith, B.E. & Cary, P.D. (1989). Trans-4-hydroxy-ß-prolinebetaine, a new betaine from Furcellaria lumbricalis. J Appl Phycol 1(1): 1-4.
Holmsgaard, J. E., Greenwell, M. & McLachlan, J. (1981). Biomass and vertical distribution of Furcellaria lumbricalis and associated algae. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 10: 309-314.
Indergaard, M. & Knutsen, S.H. (1990). Seasonal differences in ash, carbon, fibre and nitrogen components of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyceae), Norway. Botanica Marina 33: 327-334.
Kersen, P., Paalme, T., Pajusalu, L. & Martin, G. (2017). Biotechnological applications of the red alga Furcellaria lumbricalis and its cultivation potential in the Baltic Sea. Botanica Marina 60(2): 207-218.
Knutsen, S.H. & Grasdalen, H. (1987). Characterization of water-extractable polysaccarides from Norwegian Furcellaria lumbricalis (Huds.) Lamour. (Gigartinales, Rhodophyceae) by IR and NMR spectroscopy. Botanica Marina 30: 497-505.
Knutsen, S.H., Myslabodski, D.E. & Grasdalen, H. (1990). Characterization of carrageenan fractions from Norwegian Furcellaria lumbricalis (Huds.) Lamour. by 1H-n.m.r. spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Research 206: 367-372.
Korolev, A., Kuznetzova, T.A. & Drozdetsky, V.G. (1993). Investigations of the Furcellaria lumbricalis distribution and abundance at the eastern coast of the Baltic sea. Proc. 13th Baltic Mar. Biol. Symp. : 9.
Kostamo, K. & Mäkinen, A. (2006). Observations on the mode and seasonality of reproduction in Furcellaria lumbricalis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) populations in the northern Baltic Sea.. Botanica Marina 49(4): 304-309, 4 figs, 4 tables .
Maekinen, A., Kaeaeriae, J. & Rajasilta, M. (1988). Factors controlling the occurrence of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Huds.) Lamour. and Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) Zinova in the upper littoral of the archipelago of S.W. Finland. In: The Baltic Sea Environment: History, Euthrophication, Recruitment, Ecotoxicology. (Theede, H. & Schramm, W. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 140-146. Kieler Meeresforsch.
Martin, G., Paalme, T. & Kukk, H. (1996). Long-term dynamics of the commercially usable Furcellaria lumbricalis-Coccotylus truncatus community in Kassari Bay, west Estonian archipelago, the Baltic Sea. pp. 121-129. Gdynia, Poland: Baltic Coastal Fisheries Resource Management.
Martin, G., Paalme, T. & Torn, K. (2007). Seasonality pattern of biomass accumulation in a drifting Furcellaria lumbricalis community in the waters of the West Estonian Archipelago, Baltic Sea. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 331-337.
Mikulich, D.V., Voloshchenko, I.A. & Medvedeva, E.I. (1988). The jelly-forming capacity of polysaccharides from the red algae Furcellaria lumbricalis (Huds.) Lamour. and Phyllophora truncata (Pall.) Newroth et Taylor (the Bight of Kassari of the Baltic Sea). Rast. Resur. 24(3): 456-460.
Novaczek, I. & Breeman, A.M. (1990). Thermal ecotypes of amphi-Atlantic algae. II. Cold-temperate species (Furcellaria lumbricalis and Polyides rotundus). Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 44: 475-485.
Tuvikene, R., Truus, K., Robal, M., Volobujeva, O., Mellikov, E., Pehk, T., Kollist, A., Kailas, T. & Vaher, M. (2010). The extraction, structure, and gelling properties of hybrid galactan from the red alga Furcellaria lumbricalis (Baltic Sea, Estonia). Journal of Applied Phycology 22: 51-63.
Valatka, S., Mäkinen, A. & Yli-Mattila, T. (2000). Analysis of genetic diversity of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in the Baltic Sea by RAPD-PCR technique. Phycologia 39: 109-117.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 December 2018.

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