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Acrochaetium robustum Børgesen

Publication details
Acrochaetium robustum Børgesen 1915: 40, figs 37-40

Published in: Børgesen, F. (1915). The marine algae of the Danish West Indies. Part 3. Rhodophyceae (1). Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 3: 1-80, Figs 1-86.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Acrochaetium is Acrochaetium secundatum (Lyngbye) Nägeli.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), strong growing, strong-growing, or stout.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chantransia robusta (Børgesen) De Toni 1924
Rhodochorton robustum (Børgesen) K.M.Drew 1928
Audouinella robusta (Børgesen) Garbary 1979
Kylinia robusta (Børgesen) Desikachary, M.Balakrishnan & V.Krishnamurthy 1990

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Acrochaetium sargassicola Børgesen 1932
Kylinia sargassicola (Børgesen) Untawale, Dhargalkar & Agadi 1983
Audouinella sargassicola (Børgesen) Garbary 1987

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: St. Thomas Harbour (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 100).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Acrochaetium robustum Børgesen)
Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004).

North America: North Carolina (Taylor 1960), Virginia (Humm 1979).

Caribbean Islands: Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Africa: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968 ).

Indian Ocean Islands: Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2016), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999, Stuercke & McDermid 2004), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Marshall Islands (Dawson 1957), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007).

(as Acrochaetium sargassicola Børgesen)
Africa: Egypt (Aleem 1950).

South-west Asia: India (Garbary 1987).

(as Audouinella robusta (Børgesen) Garbary)
Africa: Egypt (Cormaci et al. 2004 ).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Zeng 2009), Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013).

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) note that Stegenga (pers. comm.) has suggested that this species may be referable to the genus Colaconema.

Distributional notes
This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 101) being first found at Siani (Mediterranean Egypt) in 1944, which it may have reached via the Suez Canal. - (4 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Garbary, D.J. (1987). The Acrochaetiaceae (Rhodophyta): an annotated bibliography. Bibliotheca Phycologica 77: 1-267, 2 tables.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 29 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1149 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 June 2017.

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