155,607 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,916 images, 60,166 bibliographic items, 438,693 distributional records.

Pyrocystis lunula (Schütt) Schütt

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Pyrocystales
Family Pyrocystaceae
Genus Pyrocystis


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Pyrocystis lunula (Schütt) Schütt
04 Feb 2011. John Dolan (dolan@obs-vlfr.fr). © John Dolan (dolan@obs-vlfr.fr).


Publication details
Pyrocystis lunula (Schütt) Schütt in Engler & Prantl 1896: 4, fig. 2 B-F

Published in: Schütt, F. (1896). Peridiniales (Peridineae, Dinoflagellata, Cilioflagellata, arthrodele Flagellaten). Bacillariales (Diatomeae). In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien...I. Teil. Abt. 1b. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 1-153. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Pyrocystis is Pyrocystis pseudonoctiluca Wyville-Thompson.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Gymnodinium lunula Schütt

Type information
Type locality: Atlantic Ocean (Silva 1996-to date). Notes: Ostsee, Nordsee, Mittelmeer, Atlantic (INA).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), diminutive of luna, moon (Brown 1956).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gymnodinium lunula Schütt 1895
Diplodinium lunula (Schütt) Klebs 1912
Dissodinium lunula (Schütt) Klebs 1916

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Liu, L. & Hastings, J.W. (2006). Novel and rapidly diverging intergenic sequences between tandem repeats of the luciferase genes in seven dinoflagellate species. Journal of Phycology 42: 96-103.

Schiller, J. (1937). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2. Teil. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds), pp. 321-590, i-vii. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 02 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7124 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Apstein, C. (1906). Pyrocystis lunula and [sic] ihre Fortpflanzung. Wiss. Meeresunters., Kiel 9(1 pl.): 263-269.
Colepicolo, P., Roenneberg, T., Morse, D., Taylor, W.R. & Hastings, J.W. (1993). Circadian regulation of bioluminescence in the dinoflagellate Pyrocystis lunula. Journal of Phycology 29: 173 -179, 9 figs.
Heimann, K., Klerks, P.L. & Hasenstein, K.H. (2009). Involvement of actin and microtubules in regulation of bioluminescence and translocation of chloroplasts in the dinoflagellate Pyrocystis lunula. Botanica Marina 52(2): 170-177, 18 figs, 1 table.
Heimann, K., Matuszewski, J.M. & Klerks, P.L. (2002). Effects of metals and organic contaminants on the recovery of bioluminescence in the marine dinoflagellate Pyrocystis lunula (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 38: 482-492.
Lecuyer, B. & Pincemin, J.-M. (1974). Purification de la luciférase de Pyrocystis lunula. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D 279: 1209-1212.
Seo, K.S. & Fritz, L. (2000). Cell ultrastructural changes correlate with circadian rhythms in Pyrocystis lunula (Pyrrophyta). Journal of Phycology 36: 351-358, 6 figs.
Suk Seo, K. & Fritz, L. (2000). Cell ultrastructural changes correlate with circadian rhythms in Pyrocystis lunula (Pyrrophyta). Journal of Phycology 36: 351-358.
Suk Seo, K. & Fritz, L. (2001). Evidence for sexual reproduction in the marine dinoflagellates Pyrocystis noctiluca and Pyrocystis lunula (Dinophyta). Journal of Phycology 37: 530-535.
Swift, E. & Durbin, E.G. (1971). Similarities in the asexual reproduction of the oceanic dinoflagellates, Pyrocystis fusiformis, Pyrocystis lunula, and Pyrocystis noctiluca. Journal of Phycology 7: 89-96.
Swift, E. & Meunier, V. (1976). Effects of light intensity on division rate, stimulable bioluminescence and cell size of the oceanic dinoflagellates Dissodinium lunula, Pyrocystis fusiformis and P. noctiluca. Journal of Phycology 12: 14-22, 5 figs, 5 tables.
Swift, E. & Taylor, W.R. (1967). Bioluminescence and chloroplast movement in the dinoflagellate Pyrocystis lunula. Journal of Phycology 3: 77-81.
Zingmark, R.G. (1972). Asexual reproduction in Pyrocystis lunula Schütt. Soc. Bot. Fr., Mém. : 213-214.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 June 2019.

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