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Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Mastocarpus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
middle intertidal, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
Mastocarpus stellatus, lower intertidal, South of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
Mastocarpus stellatus, lower intertidal, South of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
middle intertidal, Beach of Razo, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
middle intertidal, Beach of Razo, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
to be dried, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 201. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
South of Portugal, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
North of Spain 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
Petrocelis cruenta, South of Portugal, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
South of Portugal, 2010. 08 Nov 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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47 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Sargassum pteropleuron Grunow

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry Oranmore, Co. Galway, Ireland; expanded bases of gametophytic plants with young uprights
© Robert Wilkes (R.Wilkes@epa.ie)

Publication details
Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry in Guiry, J.A. West, D.-H. Kim & Masuda 1984: 53

Published in: Guiry, M.D., West, J.A., Kim, D.-H. & Masuda, M. (1984). Reinstatement of the genus Mastocarpus Kützing (Rhodophyta). Taxon 33: 53-63.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Mastocarpus is Mastocarpus mamillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus stellatus Stackhouse

Type information
Type locality: western shores of England (Stackhouse 1797: 53, pl. 12). Type: Stackhouse; Notes: The name has been typified with Stackhouse’s description in Withering (1797: 99); the original specimens have not been found. The figure in pl. 12 of Stackhouse (1797) could serve as a lectotype.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), stellate, with narrow divisions radiating from the center like the rays of a star (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus stellatus Stackhouse 1796
Chondrus stellatus (Stackhouse) Stackhhouse 1797
Sphaerococcus crispus var. stellatus (Stackhouse) C.Agardh 1817
Chondrus crispus var. stellatus (Stackhouse) Lyngbye 1819
Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters 1902

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus coronopifolius Zoega 1772
Fucus mamillosus Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Chondrus mammillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Stackhouse 1797
Fucus echinatus Stackhouse 1797
Chondrus echinatus (Stackhouse) Stackhouse 1797
Fucus alveolatus Esper 1799
Fucus mamillosus var. acutus Turner 1802
Fucus mamillosus var. incurvus Turner 1802
Fucus degener Esper 1804
Mammillaria expansa Stackhouse 1809
Mammillaria echinata Stackhouse 1809
Fucus crispus var. mamillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Stackhouse 1816
Sphaerococcus mamillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) C.Agardh 1817
Fucus mamillosus var. prolifer Turner 1819
Mastocarpus mamillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Kützing 1843
Phyllophora mamillosa (Goodenough & Woodward) Fries 1845
Rhodymenia mamillosa (Goodenough & Woodward) Areschoug 1847
Gigartina mamillosa (Goodenough & Woodward) J.Agardh 1851
Petrocelis cruenta J.Agardh 1851
Gigartina stellata f. acuta (Turner) Batters 1902
Gigartina stellata f. prolifera (Turner) Batters 1902
Gigartina stellata f. incurvata (Turner) Batters 1902
Gigartina cornopifolia (Zoega) P.C.Silva 1952

Taxonomic notes
Sporophytic crust formerly Petrocelis cruenta (Guiry & West 1983)

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters)
English: Irish moss (Dickinson 1963), Carrageen (Anonymous 1978).

Finnish: Punalevä-suku (European Communities 1998).

Gaeilge: Carraigín fiadháin (Brennan 1950), Clúimhín cait (Anonymous 1978).

Portuguese: Musgos, Botelhas (European Communities 1998).

(as Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry)
Danish: Vortetang (European Communities 1998).

English: Grape Pip Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Portuguese: Corninho, Crespo, Folhinha (Oliveira, 1990), Alface miúda, Botelha (Pateira, 1993).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
nadeltang {Ger}; Irish Moss {Eng}; carraigin

Description
Cartilaginous, purplish brown fronds, often in dense tufts, arising from a discoid holdfast, to 200 mm high. Narrow compressed stipe expands into strap-like blade, usually inrolled to form a channel, with thickened margins. Repeatedly dichotomously branched, axils acute. Upper part of frond with papillae to 10 mm or more long on surfaces and margins on female plants. Male plants lack papillae and are generally rare. Tetrasporophyte a purplish-black crust (Petrocelis-phase).

Habitat
On rocks in lower intertidal, often in large continuous mats, widespread and abundant.

Key characteristics
Inrolled margins, cystocarps in papillae.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bates, C.R., Saunders, G.W. & Chopin, T. (2005). An assessment of two taxonomic distinctness indices for detecting seaweed assemblage responses to environmental stress. Botanica Marina 48: 231-243.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dudgeon, S., Kubler, J.E., West, J.A., Kamiya, M. & Krueger-Hadfield, S.A. (2017). Asexuality and the cryptic species problem. Perspectives in Phycology 4(1): 47-59, 4 figs.

Guiry, M.D. & West, J.A. (1983). Life history and hybridization studies on Gigartina stellata and Petrocelis cruenta (Rhodophyta) in the North Atlantic. Journal of Phycology 19: 474-494.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Schories, D., Selig, U. & Schubert, H. (2009). Species and synonym list of the German marine macroalgae based on historical and recent records. Rostocker Meeresbiologische Beiträge 21: 7-135.

Silva, P.C. (1952). A review of nomenclatural conservation in the algae from the point of view of the type method. University of California Publications in Botany 25: 241-323.

Zuccarello, G.C., Schidlo, A., McIvor, L. & Guiry, M.D. (2006). A molecular re-examination of speciation in the intertidal red alga Mastocarpus stellatus (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 40: 337-344, 3 figs, 7 tables.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 41295 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alemán, A., Blanco-Pascual, N., Montero, M.P. & Gómez-Guillén, M.C. (2016). Simple and efficient hydrolysis procedure for full utilization of the seaweed Mastocarpus stellatus to produce antioxidants films. Food Hydrocolloids 56: 277-284.
Barwell, C.J., Canham, C.A. & Guiry, M.D. (1989). Hordenine content of the marine alga Mastocarpus stellatus and the algal food product carrageen. Phytotherapy Research 3: 67-69.
Bird, C.J., Sosa, P.A. & MacKay, R.M. (1994). Molecular evidence confirms the relationship of Petrocelis in the western Atlantic to Mastocarpus stellatus (Rhodophyta, Petrocelidaceae). Phycologia 33: 134-137.
Dudgeon, S.R., Davison, I.R. & Vadas, R.L. (1990). Freezing tolerance in the intertidal red algae Chondrus crispus and Mastocarpus stellatus: relative importance of acclimation and adaptation. Marine Biology, Berlin 106: 427-436.
Gallardo, T. & Casado, M. (2000). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XIII. Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackh.) Guiry (Petrocelidaceae, Rhodophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 24: 107-111.
Harris, J.P. & Logan, B.A. (2018). Seasonal acclimatization of thallus proline contents of Mastocarpus stellatus and Chondrus crispus: intertidal rhodphytes that differ in freezing tolerance (Note). Journal of Phycology 54(3): 419-422.
Kerjean, V., Morel, B., Stiger, V., Bessières, M.-A., Simon-Colin, C., Magné, C. & Deslandes, E. (2007). Optimization of floridoside production in the red alga Mastocarpus stellatus: pre-conditioning, extraction and seasonal variations. Botanica Marina 50(1): 59-64.
Lazzo, G. & Gallardo, T. (2004). Estudio de la morfología de las estructuras reproductoras de Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) en las costas de la Península Ibérica. Bot. Complutensis 28: 21-26.
Zuccarello, G.C., Schidlo, A., McIvor, L. & Guiry, M.D. (2006). A molecular re-examination of speciation in the intertidal red alga Mastocarpus stellatus (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 40: 337-344, 3 figs, 7 tables.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 December 2018.

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