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Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Akashiwo

Pictures

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Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC. 22 Aug 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC. 22 Aug 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Eagle Harbor marina, 400x, DIC. 18 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup in Daugbjerg et al. 2000: 308

Published in: Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Akashiwo.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka

Type information
Type locality: NW Pacific Ocean: Kozusa-ura, Gokasho Bay, Japan (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 43). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 43).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), blood-red (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka 1922

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gymnodinium splendens Lebour 1925
Gymnodinium nelsonii G.W.Martin 1929

Usage notes
A red tide organism (Park & Kim 2010), forming harmful algal blooms (HABs) in marine estuaries from temperate to tropical waters, and has posed a severe threat to fish, shellfish, and sea birds. - (16 Sep 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Badylak, S., Phlips, E.J., Mathews, A.L. & Kelley, K. (2017). In situ observations of Akashiwo sanguinea (Dinophyceae) displaying life cycle stages during blooms in a subtropical estuary. Botanica Marina 60(6): 653-664.

Escobar-Morales, S. & Hernández-Becerril, D.U. (2015). Free-living marine planktonic unarmoured dinoflagellates from the Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Pacific. Botanica Marina 58(1): 9-22.

Gárate-Lizárraga, I. (2014). Unarmored dinoflagellates present during a bloom of Ceratoperidinium falcatum in Bahía de La Paz, Gulf of California. Dinoflagelados desnudos presentes durante un florecimiento de Ceratoperidinium falcatum en Bahía de La Paz, Golfo de California. Revista de Biologia Marina y Oceanografia 49: 577-587.

Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. Acta Botanica Croatica 64: 129-212.

Jeong, H.J., Kim, H.R., Kim, K.L., Kim, K.Y., Park, K.H., Kim, S.T., Yoo, Y.D., Song, J.Y., Kim, J.S., Seong, K.A., Yih, W.H., Pae, S.J., Lee, C.H., Huh, M.D. & Lee, S.H. (2002). NaOCl produced by electrolysis of natural seawater as a potential method to control marine red-tide dinoflagellates. Phycologia 41: 643-656.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Takano, Y. & Horiguchi, T. (2006). Acquiring scanning electron microscopical, light microscopical and multiple gene sequence data from a single dinoflagellate cell. Journal of Phycology 42: 251-256.

Tang, Y.Z. & Gobler, C.J. (2015). Sexual resting cyst production by the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea: a potential mechanism contributing to the ubiquitous distribution of a harmful alga. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 298-309.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6286 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Badylak S., Phlips, E.J., Mathews, A.L. & Kelley, K. (2014). Akashiwo sanguinea (Dinophyceae) extruding mucous from pores on the cell surface. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 29(3): 197-201.
Badylak, S., Phlips, E.J., Mathews, A.L. & Kelley, K. (2017). In situ observations of Akashiwo sanguinea (Dinophyceae) displaying life cycle stages during blooms in a subtropical estuary. Botanica Marina 60(6): 653-664.
Tang, Y.Z. & Gobler, C.J. (2015). Sexual resting cyst production by the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea: a potential mechanism contributing to the ubiquitous distribution of a harmful alga. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 298-309.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=40273

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2018.

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