Pilinia Kützing, 1843
Holotype species: Pilinia rimosa Kützing
Original publication and holotype designation: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, -142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
Description: Branched, uniseriate, mat-forming filaments lacking modification of cells for attachment and lacking differentiation between prostrate and erect portions. Cells very small, 6-8.5 µm broad and up to twice as long, containing one or 2 parietal, lobed, plate-like chloroplasts with a pyrenoid. Reproduction by unilocular sporangia (mistaken in previous literature for plurilocular structures) as confirmed by electron microscopy (unpublished obs.), producing only 4 biflagellate zoospores, each with a chloroplast and eyespot. Zoospores germinating in culture to produce repeated generations of unilocular sporangia-bearing filaments.
Information contributed by: E.C. Henry. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2014-06-20 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156.
Comments: Marine, inhabiting shaded spots such as under boulders, in crevices and caves, and under docks, always above high-tide level. Known from northern Spain to Sweden and the Baltic, Iceland, Greenland, Newfoundland and Maine, and British Columbia.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33526
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 20 June 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 August 2022