Chlorella Beyerinck [Beijerinck], 1890, nom. cons.
Lectotype species: Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck [Beijerinck]
Original publication:Beyerinck [Beijerinck], M.W. (1890). Culturversuche mit Zoochlorellen, Lichenengonidien und anderen niederen Algen. Botanische Zeitung 47: 725-739, 741-754, 757-768, 781-785.
Type designated in Shihira, I. & Krauss, R.W. (1965). Chlorella. Physiology and taxonomy of forty-one isolates. pp. 1-97. Maryland: University of Maryland, College Park.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Bock, C., Krienitz, L. & Pröschold, T. (2011). Taxonomic reassessment of the genus Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae) using molecular signatures (barcodes), including description of seven new species. Fottea 11(2): 293-312.
Description: Class Trebouxiophyceae; cells spherical, subspherical or ellipsoid, single or forming colonies with up to 64 cells, mucilage present or absent. Chloroplast single, parietal, pyrenoid present, surrounded by starch grains. Reproduction by autospores, zoospores lacking. Autospores released through disruption of mother cell wall. Daughter cell can remain attached to remnants of mother cell wall and form colonies with mucilage envelopes. Planktonic, edaphic or endosymbiontic.
Information contributed by: Bock, Krienitz & Pröschold (2012). The most recent alteration to this page was made on 19 Oct 2015 by M.D. Guiry.
Numbers of names and species: There are 96 species names in the database at present, as well as 28 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 37 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Darienko, T., Gustavs, L., Mudimu, O., Menendez, C.R., Schumann, R., Karsten, U., Friedl, T. Proschold, T. (2010). Chloroidium, a common terrestrial coccoid green alga previously assigned to Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 45(1): 79-95.
Neustupa, J., Eliás, M., Skaloud, P., Nemcová, Y. & Sejnohová, L. (2011). Xylochloris irregularis gen. et sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a novel subaerial coccoid green alga. Phycologia 50(1): 57-66.
Sluiman, H.J., Guihal, C. & Mudimu, O. (2008). Assessing phylogenetic affinities and species delimitations in Klebsormidiales (Streptophyta): nuclear-encoded rDNA phylogenies and ITS secondary structure models in Klebsormidium, Hormidiella, and Entransia. Journal of Phycology 44(1): 183-195.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 19 October 2015 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43426
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 January 2020.