Chlorella Beyerinck [Beijerinck], 1890, nom. cons.
Lectotype species: Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck
Original publication: Beijerinck, M.W. (1890). Culturversuche mit Zoochlorellen, Lichenengonidien und anderen niederen Algen. Botanische Zeitung 47: 725-739, 741-754, 757-768, 781-785.
Type designated in: Shihira, I. & Krauss, R.W. (1965). Chlorella. Physiology and taxonomy of forty-one isolates. pp. 1-97. Maryland: University of Maryland, College Park.
Description: Class Trebouxiophyceae; cells spherical, subspherical or ellipsoid, single or forming colonies with up to 64 cells, mucilage present or absent. Chloroplast single, parietal, pyrenoid present, surrounded by starch grains. Reproduction by autospores, zoospores lacking. Autospores released through disruption of mother cell wall. Daughter cell can remain attached to remnants of mother cell wall and form colonies with mucilage envelopes. Planktonic, edaphic or endosymbiontic.
Information contributed by: Bock, Krienitz & Pröschold (2012). The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2015-10-19 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Bock, C., Krienitz, L. & Pröschold, T. (2011). Taxonomic reassessment of the genus Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae) using molecular signatures (barcodes), including description of seven new species. Fottea 11(2): 293-312.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43426
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 19 October 2015. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 August 2022