Bifurcaria Stackhouse, 1809

Holotype species: Bifurcaria tuberculata Stackhouse

Currently accepted name for the type species: Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross

Original publication and holotype designation: Stackhouse, J. (1809). Tentamen marino-cryptogamicum, ordinem novum; in genera et species distributum, in Classe XXIVta Linnaei sistens. Mémoires de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 2: [50]-97.

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Description: Plant consisting of a extensive rhizomatous creeping intertwined perennial basal portion, attached by means of discs from which arise uprights that are terete when vegetative. Growth of uprights from a 3-sided apical cell. Some populations of B. bifurcata with inflations, otherwise evesiculate. Branches from upright system produced in a triradiate fashion, although branching pattern ultimately appearing irregular or bilateral. Swollen terminal portions of the erect system become terete or slightly flattened receptacles. Plants and individual conceptacles monoecious or dioecious, producing one egg per oogonium.

Information contributed by: J. J. Bolton. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2014-06-21 by M.D. Guiry.

Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156, 1 fig., 1 table.

Comments: One species each in the warm temperate north-eastern Atlantic, South Africa and the Galapagos Islands. Species variously in rock pools, on lower shore rock and in the subtidal.

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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 21 June 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; searched on 02 March 2024

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