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Botryocladia sonderi P.C.Silva 1996

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Rhodymeniales
Family Rhodymeniaceae
Genus Botryocladia


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Botryocladia sonderi P.C.Silva
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Botryocladia sonderi P.C.Silva
Rottnest Island, Western Australia. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Campylodiscus demelianus Grunow

Botryocladia sonderi P.C.Silva Cape Peron, Western Australia
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Botryocladia sonderi P.C.Silva in P.C. Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 355

Published in: Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Publication date: September 1996

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Botryocladia is Botryocladia uvaria (J.A.Murray) Harvey.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Western Australia (Silva & al. 1996: 355). Holotype: Preiss 2567; MEL 504344 (Silva & al. 1996: 355). Notes: Huisman (pers. comm.) writes: "The type of Botryocladia sonderi is said to be a Preiss collection from Rottnest Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 355). The holotype in MEL has no information, nor does the Sonder name that it replaced. It might have come from Harvey (1858, pl. 10), also cited in the protologue, but there is no mention of Rottnest there. So, I think the type locality has to be the more general ‘Western Australia’."

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
According to Silva, Basson & Moe (1996:355): "The basionym of Chrysymenia obovata (C. Agardh) Sonder, Gastroclonium obovatum (C. Agardh) Kützing, and Botryocladia obovata (C. Agardh) Kylin is Chondria ovalis (Hudson) C. Agardh var. obovata C. Agardh (1822: 349), which in turn is a legitimate renaming, at the varietal level, of Gigartina ovata Lamouroux (1813: 136, pl. 10: fig. 7). The latter species was shown by Kraft & Min-Thein (1983: 172) to be conspecific with the alga previously known as Rhabdonia globifera J. Agardh (1851: 355-356). Those authors made this species the type of a new genus, Claviclonium, in the Acrotylaceae. The present species of Botryocladia, which is well known in Australia and has been confused with Claviclonium obovatum for more than a century, has no available name. The name Botryocladia sonderi, which is proposed for it, is validated by reference to the Latin diagnosis provided by Sonder (1848: 176) and to the illustration provided by Harvey (1858: pl. X). The type is a specimen collected by Preiss (2567) from Rottnest Island, Western Australia (MEL 504344)." - (17 Dec 2006) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

From rough-water situations to calm areas with a strong current flow, and from low tide level to 24 m deep (Womersley 1996: 49).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Afonso-Carrillo, J., Rodriguez-Prieto, C., Boisset, F., Sobrino, C., Tittley, I. & Neto, A.I. (2006). Botryocladia chiajeana and Botryocladia macaronesica sp. nov. (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Mediterranean and the eastern Atlantic, with a discussion on the closely related genus Irvinea. Phycologia 45: 277-292.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. pp. [1]-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study with assistance from the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 20 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 997 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=2879

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 June 2021.

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