157,571 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,210 images, 60,987 bibliographic items, 459,373 distributional records.

Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium

Pictures

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Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein
Colony Reservoir, Leicestershire, UK. 12 Apr 2017. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein
Colony Reservoir, Leicestershire, UK. 12 Apr 2017. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

 

Amphora veneta var. capitata E.Y.Haworth

Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein Colony Reservoir, Leicestershire, UK
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Gymnodinium aeruginosum F.Stein 1883: pl. II [2]: figs 19-21

Published in: Stein, F. von (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen forschungen in systematischere Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abtheilung. II. Hälfte die Naturgeschichte der Arthrodelen Flagellaten. pp. 1-30, pls I-XXV. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Nusuttodinium aeruginosum (F.Stein) Y.Takano & T.Horiguchi

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), verdigris (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Takano, Y., Yamaguchi, H., Inouye, I., Moestrup, Ø. & Horiguchi, T. (2014). Phylogeny of five species of Nusuttodinium gen. nov. (Dinophyceae), a genus of unarmoured kleptoplastidic dinoflagellates. Protist 165: 759-778.

Key references
Carty, S. (2014). Freshwater dinoflagellates of North America. pp. [i]-viii, [2], [1]-260, 153 figs. Ithaca & London: Comstock Publishing Associates. A division of Cornell University Press.

Dillard, G.E. (2007). Freshwater algae of the southeastern United States Part 8. Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Cryptophyceae and Dinophyceae. Bibliotheca Phycologica 112: [i-vi], 1-127, 22 pls.

Hansen, G. & Flaim, G. (2007). Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy. Journal of Limnology 66: 107-141.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lewis, J.M. & Dodge, J.D. (2011). Dinophyta (Dinoflagellates). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 250-274. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Popovsky, J. & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Vol. 6. Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). pp. 1-272. Jena & Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Schiller, J. (1932). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 257-432. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Schilling, A.J. (1913). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 3. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [1]-iv, 1-66. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2124 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2020.

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