161,005 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,719 images, 62,625 bibliographic items, 473,224 distributional records.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen 1910

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Chondrieae
Genus Acanthophora


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Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Scott Reef, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
en su hábitat natural, en la zona Habana-Matanzas. Foto: Ángel Fernández..

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
3 m depth at Punta Calerita, near La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. 30 Nov 2016. Frithjof C. Kuepper (fkuepper@abdn.ac.uk). © Frithjof C. Kuepper (fkuepper@abdn.ac.uk).

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific. 07 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep in the sun. 07 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
1. Habit. 2. Fragment of branch with spines on branchlets. Insert: Rape cystocarp. 4. Bushy (unattached) plant in intertidal pool (My Hoa, Ninh Thuan Province, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Hawaii; branch tip showing spirally arranged spinous branches; scale is 1 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

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24 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Publication details
Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen 1910: 201, figs 18-19

Published in: Børgesen, F. (1910). Some new or little known West Indian Florideae. II. Botanisk Tidsskrift 30: 177-207, 20 figs.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Acanthophora is Acanthophora thierryi J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus spiciferus M.Vahl

Type information
Type locality: St Croix, Virgin Islands (Vahl 1802: 44). Holotype: C 1044 (Perrone et al 2006: 37). Notes: Herbarium: C? (Yoshida, 1998: 1006). According to de Jong et al. (1999: 138), the holotype (C 124/93 (nº 10)) is from Key West, Florida, but this appears to be an error (Huisman 2018: 482). The holotype consists of two dried specimens (a tetrasporophyte and a cystocarpic specimen).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus spiciferus M.Vahl 1802

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Acanthophora orientalis f. wightii (J.Agardh) Sonder
Fucus acanthophorus J.V.Lamouroux 1805
Acanthophora thierryi J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Chondria acanthophora C.Agardh 1822
Cystoseira acanthophora (J.V.Lamouroux) Chiaje 1829
Acanthophora orientalis J.Agardh 1863
Acanthophora wightii J.Agardh 1863
Acanthophora intermedia H.L.Crouan & P.M.Crouan 1865
Acanthophora antillarum Montagne ex Kützing 1865
Acanthophora thierryi f. gracilis P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1878
Acanthophora orientalis var. wightii (J.Agardh) Sonder 1879
Acanthophora spicifera f. wightii (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse 1923
Acanthophora spicifera f. orientalis (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse 1923
Acanthophora spicifera var. orientalis (J.Agardh) Zaneveld 1956

Usage notes
Eaten in Tahiti (Payri, N’Yeurt & Orempuller, 2000).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen)
Indonesian: Boeloeng, Bideng (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
red alga {Eng}; bulung tombong bideng {Malay}; culot {Ilo}

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Jong, Y.S.D.M. de, Hitipeuw, C. & Prud'Homme van Reine, W.F. (1999). A taxonomic, phylogenetic and biogeographic study of the genus Acanthophora (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Blumea 44: 217-249.

Núñez Resendiz, M.L., Dreckmann, K.M., Sentíes, A., Wynne, M.J. Tejera, H.L. (2019). Marine red algae (Rhodophyta) of economic use in the algal drifts from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Phytotaxa 387(3): 219-240, 3 tables, 64 figs.

Perrone, C., Cecere, E. & Furnari, G. (2006). Growth pattern assessment in the genus Acanthophora (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales). Phycologia 45: 37-43.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2011). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. VII Ceramiales Rhodomelaceae. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-212, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Yamagishi, Y., Masuda, M., Abe, T., Uwai, S., Kogame, K., Kawaguchi, S. & Phang, S.M. (2003). Taxonomic notes on marine algae from Malaysia. XI. Four species of Rhodophyceae. Botanica Marina 46: 534-547.

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Created: 27 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 20600 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Buchan-Antalan, T.A. & Trono, G.C., Jr (1983). The morphology, growth and seasonality in the reproductive states of Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl) Boergesen in Bacoor Bay. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 35: 17-27, 5 figs.
Cajipe, G.J.B., Laserna, E.C., Veroy, R.L. & Luistro, A.H. (1980). On the infrared spectrum of a polysaccharide obtained by alkaline extraction of the red alga Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl) Boergesen. Botanica Marina 23: 69-70, 2 figs.
De Oliveira Filho, E.C. (1967). On the development of tetraspores of Acanthophora spicifera (Rhodomelaceae - Rhodophyta). Botânica 22(305): 195-206.
Kilar, J.A. & McLachlan, J. (1986). Branching morphology as an indicator of environmental disturbance: testing the vegetative fragmentation of Acanthophora spicifera and the turf morphology of Laurencia papillosa. Aquatic Botany 24: 115-130.
Russell, D.J. (1992). The ecological invasion of Hawaiian reefs by two marine red algae, Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl.) Boerg. and Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J. Ag. and their association with two native species, Laurencia nidfica J. Ag. and Hypnea cervicornis J. Ag.. In: Introductions and Transfers of Aquatic Species. (Sinderman, C., Steinmetz, B. & Herschbergen, W. Eds), pp. 110-125. Halifax, N.S.: ICES Marine Science Symp.,.
Tsuda, R.T., Coles, S.L., Guinter, E.B. & Finlay, R.A.O. (2008). Acanthophora spicifera (Rhodophyta: Rhodomelaceae) in the Marshall Islands. Micron 40(1/2): 245-252.
Wahidulla, S., D'Souza, L. & Kamat, S.Y. (1986). Chemical constituents of the red alga Acanthophora spicifera. Botanica Marina 29: 49-50.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 April 2021.

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