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Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth 1833

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Trentepohliales
Family Trentepohliaceae
Genus Trentepohlia


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Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
01 Jan 2011. Anders Langangen.

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
Wall at Westside Shopping Centre, Galway; Below, this is a south-west-facing wall beside a shopping centre in Galway. It's covered with lichens and Trentepohlia iolithus (the red). Some genius has stencilled an advertisement for the local Subway onto the. 02 Jan 2011. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
National University of Ireland Quadrangle Building, Galway, Ireland; on concrete wall. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
National University of Ireland Quadrangle Building, Galway, Ireland; on concrete. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
National University of Ireland Grounds, Galway, Ireland; on concrete wall with lichens. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
National University of Ireland Grounds, Galway, Ireland; on concrete wall. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
Cruachan Park, Galway, Ireland; pebble-dash wall. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
Cong Abbey, Cong, Co. Galway, Ireland; on a limestone effigy of Rory O'Connor [Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (1116?-1198)], last High King of Ireland, who died at Cong, but who is buried at Clonmacnoise. 17 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
Furniture factory, Rahoon, Galway, Ireland; streaks on plastered wall. 01 Jan 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
Furniture factory, Rahoon, Galway, Ireland; streaks on plasterwork. 01 Jan 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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17 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth Northern flank of Cross Fell, Cumbria, England, U.K.; growing on carboniferous gritstone at 840 m above sea level. Collected by Jeremy Roberts and identified by Fabio Rindi
© Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it)

Publication details
Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth 1833: 151 (as 'Jolithus' )

Published in: Wallroth, F.G. (1833). Flora Cryptogamica Germaniae 2 Algas et fungos. pp. [i]-lvi, 1-923. Norimbergae [Nüremberg]: Schragius [J.L. Schrag].
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Original description:  Download PDF

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Trentepohlia is Trentepohlia aurea (Linnaeus) C.Martius.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "Habitat in Europaea frigidae sylvis opacis, supra saxa ante unum alterumve annum eversa et supinata." [Lives in the European cold dark woods, over rocks in front of one or two years cut and supine (?)] (Koeman 1985: 1159). Type: LINN 1278.11b Notes: Linnaeus cites references to his Flora Lapponica and Flora Suecica under this species, but the only specimen in his Herbarium [no. 1278. 11b] is labelled by Ehrhart and therefore was not present in 1753. The name is currently applied to Trentepohlia iolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth and there is no reason to suppose that it is incorrect (Ross & Irvine, 1967). http://www.linnean-online.org/13812/

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Byssus jolithus Linnaeus 1753
Chroolepus jolithus (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1824

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Olivia violacea S.F.Gray 1821
Chroolepus rupestrsis (Nees von Esenbeck) Kützing 1843
Chroolepus hercynicus Kützing 1843
Chroolepus koerberi Flotow 1850
Trentepohlia koerberi (Flotow) De Toni 1889

Taxonomic notes
Annals of Botany, Vol. 1 XVII. On the Red Byssus (Byssus Jolithus Linn.). From the German* of the Rev. Mr. Starke. Though Linnaeus in his Flora Lapponica, and afterwards in several other writings, classes this vegetable with the Byssi pulverulenti; yet, in his Flora Lapponica, and in the Species Plantarum, he quotes as synonyms the Byssus germanica minima saxatilis aurea, violas martice odoremspirans, (Michel. Nov, Gen. Plant, p. 210. tab. 89. f. 3.) together with the Jolithus Schtuenkfeldi. But Micheli has described and figured his plant as filamentous; and Byssus Jolithus Schwenkfeldi, which is frequently met with on mountains of Germany, as also that which is found in the Ilartz, belong to the Byssi filamentosi: it is therefore rather surprising that Linnaeus, and other botanists after him, arrange the Jolithus with the B. pulverulenti. Dr. Roth in his excellent and highly instructive Flora Germanica (tom. iii. pars l. p. 564.) gives it as his opinion, that either Linnaeus, for want of a more minute examination, had overlooked the filamentous structure of his B. Jolithus, or that the moss, the specific name of which he derived from its violet smell, may be a different species from the German one and from Mieheli's plant; perhaps Lepra odorata of Wiggers. The former supposition appears improbable to me, from the following reasons: 1. The filamentous structure of our German species is * Schrader's Journ. für die Botanik. Hr. Band p. 340. - (23 Aug 2009) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Associated with cold and humid conditions, occurring mainly at low altitudes in northern and central Europe and in mountainous areas in southern Europe. Most common on rocks, mainly siliceous, less frequently calcareous; frequent on concrete walls in parts of the continent with moist and rainy climates. It forms large red carpets on rocks in dense forests, particularly in northern Europe; it may also produce large patches on boulders besides cold streams. In western Ireland it is very common on concrete walls both bare and painted, where it forms dark red streaks, and is considered a pest. On new motorways in the midlands and west of Ireland, the concrete central reservation and bridges quickly developed an almost continuous covering. This later became a mixed community of lichens and algae. - (24 Aug 2011) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a terrestrial species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Byssus jolithus Linnaeus)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

(as Olivia violacea S.F.Gray)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

(as Chroolepus jolithus (Linnaeus) C.Agardh)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017), Germany (Stutz & Mattern (eds) & al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

(as Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth)
Europe: Austria (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Britain (Sarma 1986, John 2002, Whitton & al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Czech Republic (Klimesová et al. 2019), Czech Republic and/or Slovakia (Sarma 1986), France (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986, Anon. 2017), Germany (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Ireland (Adams 1908, Rindi & Guiry 2002, Nelsen et al. 2011), Italy (Hariot 1889, Klimesová et al. 2019), Latvia (Sarma 1986), Norway (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Poland (Sarma 1986), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Aboal et al. 2002), Sweden (Hariot 1889, Sarma 1986), Ukraine (Burova & al. 2011).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Saunders 1901, Sarma 1986), Laurentian Great Lakes (Prescott 1962), Mexico (Sarma 1986), United States of America (Sarma 1986).

Caribbean Islands: Puerto Rico (Sarma 1986).

South America: Argentina (Sarma 1986), Bolivia (Hariot 1889), French Guiana (Nelsen et al. 2011 ).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Sarma 1986, Ahmed & al. 2008), India (Sarma 1986, Gupta 2012).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Sarma 1986), Malaysia (Sarma 1986).

Asia: China (Li & Bi 1998, Hu & Wei 2006, Zhu et al. 2017), Japan (Sarma 1986).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Hariot 1889), New Zealand (Hariot 1889, Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957, Sarma 1986).

(as Chroolepus rupestrsis (Nees von Esenbeck) Kützing)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

(as Chroolepus hercynicus Kützing)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

(as Chroolepus koerberi Flotow)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

(as Trentepohlia koerberi (Flotow) De Toni)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

Key references
Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Hariot, P. (1889). Notes sur le genre Trentepohlia Martius. Journal de Botanique [Morot] 3: 345-350, 366-375, 378-388, 393-405, pl. VII.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

John, D.M. (2002). Order Trentepohliales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 475-479. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Klimesová, M., Rindi, F. & Skaloud, P. (2019). DNA cloning demonstrates high genetic heterogeneity in populations of the subaerial green alga Trentepohlia (Trentepohliales, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 55(1): 224-235.

Li Shanghao (S.H.Ley) & Bi Liejue [Li, S.H. & Bi, L.J.] (1999). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis. Tomus V Ulothrichales Ulvales Chaetophorales Trentepohliales Sphaeropleales. pp. [i-ix], i-viii, 1-136, 54 pls [I-LIV]. Beijing: Science Press.

Prescott, G.W. (1962). Algae of the Western Great Lakes area. With an illustrated key to the genera of desmids and freshwater diatoms. Revised [Second] edition. pp. [i]-xiii, 1-977. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers 135 South Locust Street.

Printz, H. (1939). Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Trentepohliaceen. Nytt Magasin for Naturvitenskapene 80: 10-209, 31 figs.

Rindi, F. & López-Bautista, J.M. (2008). Diversity and ecology of Trentepohliales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) in French Guiana. Cryptogamie, Algologie 29(1): 13-43.

Zhu, H., Hu, Z.Y. & Liu, G.X. (2017). Morphology and molecular phylogeny of Trentepohiales (Chlorophyta) from China. European Journal of Phycology 52(3): 330-341.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 August 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7855 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aboal, M., Egidos, A.I., Marín, J.P. & Asencio, A.D. (2002). Trentepohlia jolithus (L.) Wallroth 1833 (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae) in subaerial habitats from southeastern Spain. Algological Studies 107: 153-162.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 September 2020.

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