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Alexandrium acatenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Pyrophacaceae
Genus Alexandrium

 

Publication details
Alexandrium acatenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech in D.M.Anderson, A.W.White, & D.G.Baden 1985: 37, fig. 19

Published in: Fukuyo, Y., Yoshida, K. & Inoue, H. (1985). Protogonyaulax in Japanese coastal waters. In: Toxic dinoflagellates. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellates, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada, June 8-12, 1985. (Anderson, D.M., White, A.W. & Baden, D.G. Eds), pp. 27-32. New York, Amsterdam, Oxford: Elsevier.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alexandrium is Alexandrium minutum Halim.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Gonyaulax acatenella Whedon & Kofoid

Type information
Type locality: NW Pacific Ocean: San Diego, California, USA (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 10). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 10).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gonyaulax acatenella Whedon & Kofoid 1936
Protogonyaulax acatenella (Whedon & Kofoid) F.J.R.Taylor 1979
Gessnerium acatenellum (Whedon & Kofoid) Loeblich & Loeblich, III 1979

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 11) note Alexandrium acatenella is a known PSP toxin-producing dinoflagellate species responsible for several illnesses and one death in British Columbia (Prakash & Taylor 1966). Please consult original reference for further details.

Harmful species.

Link to identifying harmful dinoflagellates pages

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Balech, E. (1995). The genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata). pp. 1-151. Sherkin Island: Sherkin Island Marine Station.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216. [in English and Vietnamese]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 April 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1720 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2020.

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