163,909 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,101 bibliographic items, 484,276 distributional records.

Prorocentrum maculosum M.A.Faust 1993

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Prorocentrales
Family Prorocentraceae
Genus Prorocentrum

 

Publication details
Prorocentrum maculosum M.A.Faust 1993: 410, figs 1-6

Published in: Faust, M.A. (1993). Three new benthic species of Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from Twin Cays, Belize: P. maculosum sp. nov., P. foraminosum sp. nov. and P. formosum sp. nov. Phycologia 32(6): 410-418, 22 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Prorocentrum is Prorocentrum micans Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Prorocentrum hoffmannianum M.A.Faust

Type information
Type locality: Hidden Lake, Twin Cays, Belize, Central America (18º48'N, 88º05'W) (Faust 1993: 410). Holotype: Fig. 1 (SEM-040012): M.A. Faust; (Faust 1993: 410). Notes: Isotype: figs 2-6(SEM-043043, SEM-037103, SEM-040019, SEM-04017, SEM-040068).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), spotted.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Exuviaella maculosum (Faust) McLachlan, Boalch & Jahn 1997

Habitat notes
In sediment and floating detritus in protected embayments in mangrove (Faust 1993). - (5 Sep 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 62) notes this is a known toxic species, it produces prorocentrolide B, a fast-acting toxin. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Rodríguez, F., Riobó, P., Crespín, G.D., Daranas, A.H., Vera, R. de V., Norte, M., Fernández, J.J. & Fraga, S. (2018). The toxic benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum maculosum Faust is a synonym of Prorocentrum hoffmannianum Faust. Harmful Algae 78: [1-8], 4 figs, 1 table.

Key references
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Hoppenrath, M., Murray, S.A., Chomérat, N. & Horiguchi, T. (2014). Marine benthic dinoflagellates - unravelling their worldwide biodiversity. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe Vol. 54. pp. [1]-276. Frankfurt am Main & Stuttgar: V. Mosbrugger & E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 April 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1133 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Faust, M.A. (1993). Three new benthic species of Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from Twin Cays, Belize: P. maculosum sp. nov., P. foraminosum sp. nov. and P. formosum sp. nov. Phycologia 32(6): 410-418, 22 figs.
Rodríguez, F., Riobó, P., Crespín, G.D., Daranas, A.H., Vera, R. de V., Norte, M., Fernández, J.J. & Fraga, S. (2018). The toxic benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum maculosum Faust is a synonym of Prorocentrum hoffmannianum Faust. Harmful Algae 78: [1-8], 4 figs, 1 table.
Zhou, J. & Fritz, L. (1993). Ultrastructure of two toxic marine dinoflagellates, Prorocentrum lima and Prorocentrum maculosum. Phycologia 32: 444-450, 18 figs.
Zhou, J. & Fritz, L. (1994). Okadaic acid antibody localizes to chloroplasts in the DSP- toxin-producing dinoflagellates Prorocentrum lima and Prorocentrum maculosum. Phycologia 33: 455-461, 14 figs.
Zhou, J. & Fritz, L. (1994). The PAS/accumulation bodies in Prorocentrum lima and Prorocentrum maculosum (Dinophyceae) are dinoflagellate lysosomes. Journal of Phycology 30: 39-44, 9 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=46964

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 October 2021.

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