157,562 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,210 images, 60,980 bibliographic items, 458,858 distributional records.

Gymnodinium helveticum Penard

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium

 

Publication details
Gymnodinium helveticum Penard 1891: 58, pl. V [5]: figs 10-16

Published in: Penard, E. (1891). Les Péridiniacées du Léman. Bulletin des Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 6: 1-63.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Gyrodinium helveticum (Penard) Y.Takano & T.Horiguchi

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), Swiss, or pertaining to Switzerland .

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Takano, Y. & Horiguchi, T. (2004). Surface ultrastructure and molecular phylogenetics of four unarmored heterotrophic dinoflagellates, including the type species of the genus Gyrodinium (Dinophyceae). Phycological Research 52: 107-116.

Key references
Carty, S. (2014). Freshwater dinoflagellates of North America. pp. [i]-viii, [2], [1]-260, 153 figs. Ithaca & London: Comstock Publishing Associates. A division of Cornell University Press.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Schiller, J. (1932). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 257-432. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Schilling, A.J. (1913). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 3. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [1]-iv, 1-66. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1245 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Popovsky, J. (1982). Another case of phagotrophy by Gymnodinium helveticum Penard F. achroum Skuja. Archiv für Protistenkunde 125: 73-78.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52353

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 February 2020.

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