163,902 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,102 bibliographic items, 484,277 distributional records.

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky 1877

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Euglenidae
Subfamily Eugleninae
Genus Monomorphina


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Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky
Fishing Lake, Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK. 20 Oct 2016. C.F.Carter. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 14 Sep 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 14 Sep 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 1000x, DIC. 26 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 400x, DIC. 26 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 400x, DIC. 26 Apr 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).


Lithothamnion antarcticum (Hooker f. & Harvey) Heydrich

Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Monomorphina pyrum (Ehrenberg) Mereschkowsky 1877: 295, 296, pl. 2: fig. 21

Published in: Mereschkowsky, K.S. (1877). Etjudy nad prostejsimi zivotnymi severa Rossii. Trudy Sankt-Peterburgskago Obshchestva Estestvoisptatele 8(2): 1-299.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Monomorphina.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Euglena pyrum Ehrenberg

Type information
Type locality: Germany: Berlin (Index Nominum Algarum). Lectotype: fig. V in Ehrenberg: Permanently preserved material of strain ACOI 2778 (cells in resin, for EM); figs 1, a-d and 2, j-l (epitype) Herbariumof the Department of Plant Systematic and Geography at Warsaw University (Kosmala et al 2007: 177, 178). Notes: The culture from which the epitype was described has been deposited in the Algae Culture Collection of the Department of Botany, University of Coimbra, Portugal, as number ACOI 2778 and in the Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Cologne (CCAC), Germany (Kosmala et al. 2007: 178, 179).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), pear (Brown 1946).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Euglena pyrum Ehrenberg 1832
Phacus pyrum (Ehrenberg) W.Archer 1871

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Euglena pyrum G.A.Klebs
Lepocinclis ovatus McLeod
Phacus pyrum var. ovatus Playfair 1921
Phacus pyrum var. rudiculus Playfair 1921
Phacus inconspicuus Deflandre 1928
Lepocinclis ovata (Playfair) Conrad 1934
Phacus pyrum f. pulcherrimum Conrad 1938
Phacus mirabilis Pochmann 1942
Phacus pseudonordstedtii Pochmann 1942
Phacus rudiculus (Playfair) Pochmann 1942
Phacus cochleatus Pochmann 1942
Phacus megalopsis Pochmann 1942
Phacus splendens Pochmann 1942
Phacus strongylus Pochmann 1942
Phacus pulcherrimus (Conrad) Pochmann 1942
Phacus atraktoides Pochmann 1942
Monomorphina splendens (Pochmann) T.G.Popova 1947
Monomorphina pyrum var. pseudonordstedtii (Pochmann) Popova 1951
Monomorphina megalopsis (Pochmann) Safonova 1976
Monomorphina mirabilis (Pochmann) Safonova 1976
Monomorphina ovata (Playfair) Marin & Melkonian 2003
Monomorphina rudicula (Playfair) Marin & Melkonian 2003
Monomorphina pulcherrima (Conrad) Marin & Melkonian 2003
Monomorphina atraktoides (Pochmann) Marin & Melkonian 2003
Monomorphina cochleata (Pochmann) Marin & Melkonian 2003
Monomorphina pseudonordstedtii (Pochmann) Marin & Melkonian 2003
Monomorphina strongyla (Playfair) Marin & Melkonian 2003

Habitat notes
Rivers, lakes, swamps, ditches, ponds and saltwater; recorded as indicator of moderately to strongly polluted water (Valadez et al. 2010, citing various sources). - (4 Jan 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Emended by Kosmala & Zakrys, 2007: 177 and by Kim et al. (2013:88).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Araujo, G.J.M. & Bicudo, C.E.M. (2018). Flora ficológica do Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 6. Euglenophyceae. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-203, plus 306 figs. São Paulo: TRiMa: FAPESP.

Kim, J.I., Shin, W. & Triemer, R.E. (2010). Multigene analyses of photosynthetic euglenoids and new family, Phacaceae (Euglenales). Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1278-1287.

Kim, J.I., Shin, W. & Triemer, R.E. (2013). Phylogenetic reappraisal of the genus Monomorphina (Euglenophyceae) based on molecular and morphological data. Journal of Phycology 49(1): 82-91.

Kosmala, S., Milanowski, R., Brzoska, K., Pekala, M., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2007). Phylogeny and systematics of the genus Monomorphina (Euglenaceae) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 43(1): 171-185.

Milanowski, R., Kosmala, S., Zakrys, B. & Kwiatowski, J. (2006). Phylogeny of photosynthetic euglenophytes based on combined chloroplast and cytoplasmic SSU rDNA sequence analysis. Journal of Phycology 42: 721-730.

Monfils, A.K., Triemer, R.E. & Bellairs, E.F. (2011). Characterization of paramylon morphological diversity in photosynthetic euglenoids (Euglenales, Euglenophytaa). Phycologia 50(2): 156-169.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Valadez, F., Rosiles-Gonzalez, G. & Cremona, J. (2010). Euglenophytes from Lake Chignahuapan, Mexico. Cryptogamie Algologie 31(3): 305-319.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 29 November 2002 by Andy Taylor

Verified by: 20 October 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3026 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 October 2021.

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