163,909 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,101 bibliographic items, 484,276 distributional records.

Prorocentrum concavum Y.Fukuyo 1981

Publication details
Prorocentrum concavum Y.Fukuyo 1981: 968, 972, figs. 13-19, 49

Published in: Fukuyo, Y. (1981). Taxonomical study on benthic dinoflagellates collected in coral reefs. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries 47: 967-978.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Prorocentrum is Prorocentrum micans Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Ryukyu Islands (Index Nominum Algarum). Iconotypus: fig. 13: (Index Nominum Algarum Notes: Pacific Ocean: French Polynesia, New Caledonia and the Ryukyu Islands (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 58)

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Prorocentrum faustiae S.L.Morton 1998
Prorocentrum arabianum Morton & Faust 2002

Nomenclatural notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (22 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Symbiont of Amphiscolops sp. (Banaszak et al. 1993). - (29 Aug 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 58) notes this species is toxic, producing the following toxins: fast-acting toxin, diarrhetic shellfish poison toxins, okadaic acid and an unnamed toxin. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Al-Qassab, S., Lee, W.J., Murray, S., Simpson, A.G.B. & Patterson, D.J. (2002). Flagellates from stromatolites and surrounding sediments in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Acta Protozoologica 41: 91-144, 20 figs.

Eckblad, J. & Woodson, B. (1969). Plankton distribution in a small Virginia reservoir. Virginia J. Sci. 20: 40-43.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Faust, M.A. (1990). Morphologic details of 6 benthic species of Prorocentrum (Pyrrophyta) from a mangrove island, Twin Cays, Belize, including 2 new species. Journal of Phycology 26(3): 548-558.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Hoppenrath, M., Murray, S.A., Chomérat, N. & Horiguchi, T. (2014). Marine benthic dinoflagellates - unravelling their worldwide biodiversity. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe Vol. 54. pp. [1]-276. Frankfurt am Main & Stuttgar: V. Mosbrugger & E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216. [in English and Vietnamese]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Lim, Z.F., Luo, Z., Lee, L.K., Hii, K.S., Teng, S.T. , Chan, L.L., Chomérat, N., Krock, B., Gu, H., Lim, P.T. & Leaw, C.P. (2019). Taxonomy and toxicity of Prorocentrum from Perhentian Islands (Malaysia), with a description of a non-toxigenic species Prorocentrum malayense sp. nov. (Dinophyceae). Harmful Algae 83: 95-108.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Verma, A., Kazandjian, A., Sarowar, C., Harwood, D.T., Murray, J.S., Pargmann, I., Hoppenrath, M. & Murray S.A. (2019). Morphology and phylogenetics of benthic Prorocentrum species (Dinophyceae) from Tropical Northwestern Australia.. Toxins (Basel) 11(571): [1-17].

Created: 20 March 2003 by Elizabeth Moran

Verified by: 26 May 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1709 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Mohammad-Noor, N., Moestrup, O. & Daugbjerg, N. (2007). Light, electron microscopy and DNA sequences of the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum concavum (syn. P. arabianum) with special emphasis on the periflagellar area. Phycologia 46: 549-564.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 October 2021.

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