163,909 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,101 bibliographic items, 484,276 distributional records.

Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall 1942

Publication details
Prorocentrum mexicanum Osorio-Tafall 1942: 440, pl. 34: fig. 3, 8

Published in: Osario-Tafall, B.F. (1942). Notas sobre algunos dinoflagelados planctonicos marinos de México, con descripción de nuevas especies. An. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol. 11: 435-447.

Publication date: 1942

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Prorocentrum is Prorocentrum micans Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Salina Cruz, Oaxaca, Mexico (16°9'N, 95°3'W) (Cortés-Altamirano & Sierra-Beltrán 2003: 221). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 63).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), Pertaining to Mexico (Stearn 1992).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Habitat notes
Planktonic (Cortés-Altamirano & Sierra-Beltrán, 2003). - (14 Sep 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002:63) note that this species is a known toxin-producing species, it produces fast-acting toxin. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Al-Qassab, S., Lee, W.J., Murray, S., Simpson, A.G.B. & Patterson, D.J. (2002). Flagellates from stromatolites and surrounding sediments in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Acta Protozoologica 41: 91-144, 20 figs.

Cortés-Altamirano, R. & Sierra-Beltrán, A.P. (2003). Morphology and taxonomy of Prorocentrum mexicanum and reinstatement of Prorocentrum rhathymum (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 221-225.

Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Faust, M.A. (1990). Morphologic details of 6 benthic species of Prorocentrum (Pyrrophyta) from a mangrove island, Twin Cays, Belize, including 2 new species. Journal of Phycology 26(3): 548-558.

Gómez, F. (2008 '2006'). Historia de las investigaciones sobre dinoflagelados marinos en España. Llull, Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas 29: 307-329. [in Spanish]

Gómez, F. (2008). Phytoplankton invasions: comments on the validity of categorizing the non-indigenous dinoflagellates and diatoms in European Seas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 620-628.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Lim, Z.F., Luo, Z., Lee, L.K., Hii, K.S., Teng, S.T. , Chan, L.L., Chomérat, N., Krock, B., Gu, H., Lim, P.T. & Leaw, C.P. (2019). Taxonomy and toxicity of Prorocentrum from Perhentian Islands (Malaysia), with a description of a non-toxigenic species Prorocentrum malayense sp. nov. (Dinophyceae). Harmful Algae 83: 95-108.

Ndhlovu, A., Dhar, N., Garg, N., Xuma, T., Pitcher, G.C., Sym, S.D. & Durand, P.M. (2017). A red tide forming dinoflagellate Prorocentrum triestinum: identification, phylogeny and impacts on St Helena Bay, South Africa. Phycologia 56(6): 649-665, 29 figs, 4 tables.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 20 March 2003 by Elizabeth Moran

Verified by: 26 May 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2232 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cortés-Altamirano, R. & Sierra-Beltrán, A.P. (2003). Morphology and taxonomy of Prorocentrum mexicanum and reinstatement of Prorocentrum rhathymum (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 221-225.
Gómez, F., Qiu, D. & Lin, S. (2017). The synonymy of the toxic dinoflagellates Prorocentrum mexicanum and P. rhathymum and the description of P. steidingerae sp. nov. (Prorocentrales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 64(5): 668-677, 6 fig., 1 table.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=58743

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 October 2021.

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