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Ptilota serrata Kützing 1847

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Wrangeliaceae
Tribe Ptiloteae
Genus Ptilota

Pictures

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Ptilota serrata Kützing
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

 

Encoelium bullosum (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh

Ptilota serrata Kützing Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada
© Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca)

Publication details
Ptilota serrata Kützing 1847: 36

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1847). Diagnosen und Bemerkungen zu neuen oder kritischen Algen. Botanische Zeitung 5: 1-5, 22-25, 33-38, 52-55, 164-167, 177-180, 193-198, 219-223.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ptilota is Ptilota plumosa C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Neu-Fundland [Newfoundland] (Index Nominum Algarum). Type: Lenormand; L? Notes: Neotype information: Specimen GWS007679 in UNB, collected by L. LeGall, H. Kucera, D. McDevit & J. Utge on 25 July 2006 from St. Brides, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada; neotype DNA barcode: GWS007679 (GenBank accession KU381883) (Bruce & Saunders, 2016: 47, figs 17, 18).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), serrated, saw-edged with teeth pointing forwards (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ptilota plumosa var. serrata (Kützing) Kützing 1862

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus pectinatus Gunnerus 1776
Plumaria pectinata var. integerrima Ruprecht 1850
Ptilota pectinata (Gunnerus) Kjellman 1883
Ptilota pectinata f. integerrima (Ruprecht) Kjellman 1883
Ptilota pectinata f. littoralis Kjellman 1883
Ptilota pectinata f. typica Kjellman 1883
Ptilota pectinata f. densa Foslie 1890
Ptilota pectinata f. distans Foslie 1890

Distributional notes
"The only COI sequence of Pserrata available in genBank (AY970640) comes from a specimen from the Pacific coast of Canada. This is actually a different species, P. filicina A. Agardh, and is correctly referred to a s such in BOLD (Gary Saunders, personal communication)." (Rueness, 2010: 383). Rueness also notes that four geographically widely separated specimens from eastern Canada, temporarily labeled as P. serrata species 1 in BOLD , have COI sequences identical with P. gunneri from Europe, strongly suggesting that this species in fact is present on western Atlantic coasts. - (26 Feb 2013) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Found at depths of 10-12 m (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009). - (10 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

mostly found on rocks, less often on macroalgae in low intertidal zone, as well as subtidal to 20 m (Bruce and Saunders, 2016: 47). - (7 Feb 2017) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bates, C.R., Saunders, G.W. & Chopin, T. (2005). An assessment of two taxonomic distinctness indices for detecting seaweed assemblage responses to environmental stress. Botanica Marina 48: 231-243.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Bruce, M.G. & Saunders, G.W. (2016). A molecular-assisted investigation of diversity, biogeography and phylogenetic relationships for species of Neoptilota and Ptilota (Wrangeliaceae, Rhodophyta) reported along Canadian coasts. Phycologia 56(1): 36-53.

Gagnon, P., Johnson, L.E. & Himmelman, J.H. (2005). Kelp patch dynamics in the face of intense herbivory: stability of Agarum clathratum (Phaeophyta) stands and associated flora on urchin barrens. Journal of Phycology 41: 498-505.

Hommersand, M.H., Freshwater, D.W., Lopez-Bautista, J.M. & Fredericq, S. (2006). Proposal of the Euptiloteae Hommersand et Fredericq, trib. nov. and transfer of some southern hemisphere Ptiloteae to the Callithamnieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 203-225.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Lopatina, N.A. & Zhigadlova, G.G. (2020). [Red algae. Algae of the division Rhodophyta]. In: Flora and Fauna of Matua Island (middle Kuril Islands): the field guide. Volume 1. Sea. (Sanamyan, K.E. &Sanamyan, N.P. Eds), pp. 336-423. Cherepovets: Intron. [in Russian]

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Rueness, J. (2010). DNA barcoding of select freshwater and marine red algae (Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie, Algologie 31(4): 377-386.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2011). The order Ceramiales (Rhodophyta) in the flora of the Arctic Ocean. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 96(6): 681-695.

Wynne, M.J. & Heine, J.N. (1992). Collections of marine red algae from St. Matthew and St. Lawrence Islands, the Bering Sea. Nova Hedwigia 55: 55-97.

Created: 03 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 December 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5371 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Smith, B.E. & Blunden, G. (1991). g -aminobutyric acid betaine, methyl ester, from Ptilota serrata. British Phycological Journal 26: 97.
Whittick, A. (1977). A nomenclatural note on Ptilota serrata Kütz.. Taxon 26: 141.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 September 2021.

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