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Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithothamniaceae
Tribe Phymatolitheae
Genus Phymatolithon

Pictures

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Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants at MLWS. 18 Apr 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine
Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower intertidal rock under Fucus. 04 Aug 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower intertidal rock under Fucus
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine 1986: 71

Published in: Woelkerling, W.J. & Irvine, L.M. (1986). The typification and status of Phymatolithon (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). British Phycological Journal 21: 55-80, 18 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phymatolithon is Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan

Type information
Lectotype locality: Mingant, near Brest, Finistère, France (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 266). Notes: This type locality was first recorded by Woelkerling & L. Irvine (1986: 69, 71)

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), purple (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. papillatum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. tuberculatum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. validum Foslie 1895
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. sublaeve Foslie 1905
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. tuberculatum (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. validum (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. intermedium Foslie 1908
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. sublaeve A.D.Zinova 1955

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Hernández-Kantún, J.J., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Peña, V., Maggs, C.A. & Rindi, F. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of rhodolith formation in the Corallinales (Rhodophyte). European Journal of Phycology 50(1): 46-61.

Irvine, L.M. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1986). Proposal to conserve Phymatolithon against Apora (Rhodophyta: Corallinaceae). Taxon 35: 731-733.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2010). Taxonomic review of the Corallinales (Rhodophyta) in the northern Russian seas. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 95(5): 667-681, 6 pls.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 October 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8324 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 September 2018.

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