153,226 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,952 images, 59,248 bibliographic items, 409,098 distributional records.

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Ulva

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. 18 Jun 2015. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Red-cyan anaglyph showing thallus in 3D. Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. 18 Jun 2015. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Red-cyan anaglyph showing 3D form of young and older growth. Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK (Freshwater). 05 Jun 2014. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK. 05 Jun 2014. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Very young filaments, Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK (Freshwater). 05 Jun 2014. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK. (Freshwater lake).. 05 Jun 2014. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 28 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
1. Habit. 2. Surface view of cells. 3. Free floating masses (O Lan Lagoon, Vietnam).. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Young filaments. Stanwick Lakes, Northampton, UK.. 26 Apr 2006. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen
Surface at high magnification. Stanwick Lakes, Northampton, UK.. 26 Apr 2006. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

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15 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Schizosiphon parietinus Nägeli

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK. (Freshwater lake).
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Ulva flexuosa Wulfen 1803: xxii, 1

Published in: Wulfen, F.X. (1803). Cryptogama aquatica. Archives de Botanique 3: 1-64, pl. 1.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), zigzag, bent alternately in opposite directions (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Enteromorpha flexuosa (Wulfen) J.Agardh 1883

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva flexuosa Roth 1800
Enteromorpha intestinalis var. tubulosa Kützing 1845
Enteromorpha tubulosa (Kützing) Kützing 1856
Enteromorpha lingulata J.Agardh 1883
Enteromorpha compressa var. lingulata (J.Agardh) Hauck 1884
Enteromorpha prolifera var. tubulosa (Kützing) Batters 1902
Enteromorpha intestinalis f. tubulosa (Kützing) V.J.Chapman 1937
Enteromorpha tubulosa var. ramosa Schiffner 1938
Enteromorpha lingulata var. elongata Schiffner 1938
Enteromorpha lingulata f. genuina Schiffner 1938
Enteromorpha tubulosa var. vermiculata Schiffner 1938

Nomenclatural notes
Replaced name: Conferva paradoxa Roth, nom. illeg., non Conferva paradoxa O.F.Müller. - (29 Aug 2007) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) give Enteromorpha lingulata J. Agardh, E. paradoxa (Dillwyn) Kützing and E. erecta (Lyngb.) J. Agardh as synonyms of this species. John et al. (2004) have followed Hayden et al. (2003) who consider Enteromorpha lingulata close to or identical with E. flexuosa. For further discussion of the conspecificity of these two species, see Lawson & Price (1969).

Distributional notes
Results of studies carried out by O'Kelly et al. (2010) suggest that Ulva populations in tropical and subtropical regions consist of species that are largely unique to these areas, for which the application of names based on types from temperate and boreal European and North American waters is inappropriate. - (1 Sep 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Euryhaline, primarily freshwater species, occurring in a wide variety of flowing and stagnant waters. It prefers highly oxygenated, alkaline, and eutrophic waters, with high levels of sulphates, and in mildly brackish habitats. - (14 Mar 2018) - M.D. Guiry

Conservational notes
According to Mares et al. (2011:1187), Ulva flexuosa [subspp.] should not be considered as alien or invasive in inland European waters. - (22 Dec 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Common names

(as Enteromorpha flexuosa (Wulfen) J.Agardh)
Arabic: Tahalib (F.A.O. 1997).

English: Winding Nori (F.A.O. 1997).

Hawaiian: Limu ele'ele (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Swedish: Gallertarmalg, Tarmalg (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Type information
Type locality: Duino (near Trieste), Adriatic Sea [marine localtion] (Womersley 1984: 157). Type: W Wulfen No. 23 (Hayden et al. 2003: 289, table 4).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Hayden, H.S., Blomster, J., Maggs, C.A., Silva, P.C., Stanhope, M.J. & Waaland, J.R. (2003). Linnaeus was right all along: Ulva and Enteromorpha are not distinct genera. European Journal of Phycology 38(3): 277-294.

Heesch, S., Broom, J.E.S., Neill, K.F., Farr, T.J., Dalen, J.L. & Nelson, W.A. (2009). Ulva, Umbraulva and Gemina: genetic survey of New Zealand taxa reveals diversity and introduced species. European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 143-154, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Hiraoka, M., Ichihara, K., Zhu, W., Shimada, S., Oka, N., Cui, J., Tsubaki, S. & He, P. (2017). Examination of species delimitation of ambiguous DNA-based Ulva (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) clades by culturing and hybridisation. Phycologia 56(5): 517-532.

Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Kirkendale, L., Saunders, G.W. & Winberg, P. (2013). A molecular survey of Ulva (Chlorophyta) in temperate Australia reveals enhanced levels of cosmopolitanism. Journal of Phycology 49(1): 69-81.

Kraft, G.T. (2007). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 1. Green algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-347, 110 text-figs; 11 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Ni-Ni-Win, Hanyuda, T., Arai, S., Uchimura, M., Prathep, A., Draisma, S.G.A., Phang, S.M., Abbott, I.A., Millar, A.J.K. & Kawai, H. (2011). A taxonomic study of the genus Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) including the description of four new species from Japan, Hawaii, and the Andaman Sea. Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1193-1209.

Norris, J.N. (2010). Marine algae of the Northern Gulf of California: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 94: i-x, 1-276.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Rybak, A.S. (2015). Revision of herbarium specimens of freshwater Enteromorpha-like Ulva (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) collected from Central Europe during the years 1849–1959. Phytotaxa 218(1): 1-29.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Wolf, M.A., Sciuto, K., Andreoli, C. & Moro, I. (2012). Ulva (Chlorophyta, Ulvales) biodiversity in the North Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean, Italy): cryptic species and new introductions. Journal of Phycology 48(6): 1510-1521.

Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Created: 27 October 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10333 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Castellanos González, M.E.; Moreira González, A.R. & León Pérez, A.R. (2012). Caracterización fitoquímica de las macroalgas marinas Gracilaria caudata J. Agardh, Ulva lactuca L. y Ulva flexuosa subsp. flexuosa Wulfen de la bahía de Cienfuegos, Cuba. Algas, Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Ficología 46: 4-8.
Michael, T.S. (2009). Glycoconjugate organization of Enteromorpha (=Ulva) flexuosa and Ulva fasciata (Chlorophyta) zoospores. Journal of Phycology 45(3): 660-677, 8 figs, 1 table.
Rybak, A., Czerwoniec, A., Gabka, M. & Messyasz, B. (2014). Ulva flexuosa (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) inhabiting inland aquatic ecosystems: molecular, morphological and ecological discrimination of subspecies. European Journal of Phycology 49(4): 471-485.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2018.

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