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Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gelidiales
Family Gelidiellaceae
Genus Gelidiella

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya, sobre sustrato rocoso. Hábito. Foto: Ángel Moreira..

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
Habit. Intertidal pool (Cape Ba Lang An, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
Hawaii; scale is 50 mm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
Hawaii; section; scale 100 µm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
Bonaire, Caribbean. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
South Africa. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (Robert.Anderson@uct.ac.za).

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
KwaZulu-Natal. Frederic Leliaert. © Frederik Leliaert (Frederik.Leliaert@ugent.be).

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

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12 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia.
© John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au)

Publication details
Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel 1934: 533

Published in: Feldmann, J. & Hamel, G. (1934). Observations sur quelques Gélidiacées. Revue Générale de Botanique 46: 528-549, 11 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gelidiella is Echinocaulon spinellum Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus acerosus Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: "Mochhae" (Al Mukha), Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 147). Holotype: P. Forrskål; C 874 (Dawson 1953: 83). Notes: Dawson (1953: 83): Holotype is Forsskål's original specimen (illustrated by Børgensen).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), needle-shaped (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus acerosus Forsskål 1775
Echinocaulon acerosum (Forsskål) Børgesen 1932

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus rigidus Vahl 1802
Fucus spiniformis J.V.Lamouroux 1805
Fucus corneus var. spiniformis (J.V.Lamouroux) Turner 1811
Fucus corneus var. setaceus Turner 1811
Gelidium spiniforme (J.V.Lamouroux) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Sphaerococcus spiniformis (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh 1817
Sphaerococcus rigidus C.Agardh 1822
Gelidium rigidum (C.Agardh) Greville 1830
Echinocaulon spinellum Kützing 1843
Echinocaulon rigidum (M.Vahl) Kützing 1843
Gelidium corneum var. setaceum (Turner) Montagne 1846
Gelidium ramelliferum Kützing 1863
Echinocaulon ramelliferum (Kützing) Kützing 1868
Gelidium pulchellum var. setaceum (Turner) Batters 1902
Gelidiopsis rigida (C.Agardh) Weber Bosse 1904
Gelidiella acerosa f. minima Sreenivasa Rao 1971

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996: 150), the name Gelidium micropterum has been misapplied to this species by Desikachary (1967: 10, 12, pl. IV: figs. 1, 4, 6, 8); the name Gelidiopsis rigida (C.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse var. semipinnata has been misapplied to this species by Weber-van Bosse (1928: 428).

Habitat notes
Widespread in most warm seas; just below intertidal zone, on shells and also 1-2 m deep (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (31 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gelidiopsis rigida (C.Agardh) Weber Bosse)
Linggau: Sangan (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
kembang karang {Java}; sangau {Indon}; culot {Ilo}; "gulaman {Bicol, Bulusan &Sorsogon"

Description
Thallus yellow to dark red, cartilaginous, with decumbent and erect terete axes to 2 mm diam. Erect axes simple or sparingly divided, to 35 mm tall, bearing pinnate determinate lateral branches, mostly from the distal region. Lateral branches, simple, 1–3 mm long. Medulla of densely packed longitudinal filaments, the cells thick-walled and 10–25 µm diam., grading into a smaller-celled cortex of pigmented cells. Outer cortical cells ellipsoidal and forming a palisade, in surface view circular to slightly elongate, 3–8 µm diam. Tetrasporangia in nemathecia encircling the distal regions of determinate lateral branches, in the outer cortical layer, ellipsoidal, c. 15 µm long and 8–9 µm diam.

Habitat
Tide pools or intertidally; attached to rock reefs at depth of 0-1 m; in association with Gelidiopsis and Gelidium species. Seawater temperatures (Taiwan, November-August): 18º to 25ºC.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Boo, G.H., Cai, Y. & Boo, S.M. (2016). Molecular identification of gelidioid algae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Singapore with a description of Gelidium sentosaense sp. nov.. Phycologia 55(3): 247-256.

Boo, G.H., Le Gall, L., Rousseau, F., Reviers, B. de, Coppejans, E., Anderson, R. & Boo, S.M. (2015). Phylogenetic relationships of Gelidiella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Madagascar with a description of Gelidiella incrassata sp. nov.. Cryptogamie Algologie 36(2): 219-237.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Feldmann, J. & Hamel, G. (1934). Observations sur quelques Gélidiacées. Revue Générale de Botanique 46: 528-549, 11 figs.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Huisman, J.M., Boo, G.H. & Boo, S.M. (2018). Gelidiales. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 245-264. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Iha, C., Milstein, D., Guimaraes, S.M.P.B., Freshwater, D.W. & Oliveira, M.C. (2015). DNA barcoding reveals high diversity in the Gelidiales of the Brazilian southeast coast. Botanica Marina 58(4): 295=305.

Lin, S.-M. & Freshwater, D.W. (2008). The red algal genus Gelidiella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Taiwan, including Gelidiella fanii sp. nov. Phycologia 47: 168-176.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Santelices, B. & Stewart, J.G. (1985). Pacific species of Gelidium Lamouroux and other Gelidiales (Rhodophyta), with keys and descriptions to the common or economically important species. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweds With Refernce to some Paicific and Caribbean Species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds), pp. 17-31. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program.

Santelices, B. (1988). Taxonomic studies on Chinese Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 91-107.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Zhang, J.F. & Xia, E. (1988). Chinese species of Gelidium Lamouroux and other Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) with key, list and distribution of common species.. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 109-113. California Sea Grant College Program.

Created: 29 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16005 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)



Banumathi, R. & Subbaramaiah, K. (1990). Diurnal periodicity of spore shedding in Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskal) Feldmann et Hamel of Mandapam coast. Seaweed Research and Utilisation 12: 137-141, 3 figs, 1 table.
Chihara, M. & Kamura, S. (1963). On the germination of tetraspores of Gelidiella acerosa. Phycologia 3(2): 69-74.
Datta, B.K., Mehta, B.J. & Chauhan, V.D. (1990). Effect of indole acetic acid, gibberellic acid and kinetin on the growth of the red alga Gelidiella acerosa (Rhodophyta). Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 19: 289-291.
Ganesa, M., Thiruppathi, S., Eswaran, K., Reddy, C.R.K. & Jha,B (2009). Cultivation of Gelidiella acerosa in the open sea on the southeastern coast of India. Marine Ecology Progress Series 382: 49-57.
Ganesan, M., Reddy, C.R.K., Eswaran, K. & Jha, B. (2008). Seasonal variation in the biomass, quantity and quality of agar from Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskal) Feldmann et Hamel (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from the Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve, India. Phycological Research 56(2): 93-104.
Ganzon-Fortes, E.T. (1997). Diurnal and diel patterns in the photosynthetic performance of the agarophyte Gelidiella acerosa. Botanica Marina 40: 93-100.
Ganzon-Fortes, E.T. (1999). Photosynthetic and respiratory responses of the agarophyte Gelidiella acerosa collected from tidepool, intertidal and subtidal habitats. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 321-328.
Kapraun, D.F., Ganzon-Fortes, E., Bird, K.T., Trono, G.C., Jr & Breden, C. (1994). Karyology and agar analysis of the agarophyte Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel from the Philippines. Journal of Applied Phycology 6: 545-550.
Kumar, G.R., Reddy, C.R.K., Ganesan, M., Thiruppathi, S., Dipakkore, S., Eswaran, K., Roa, P.V.S. & Jha, B. (2004). Tissue culture and regeneration of thallus from callus of Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 43: 596-602, 9 figs, 3 tables.
Mairh, O.P., Ramavat, B.K. & Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1990). Nutrition, growth and tetraspore induction of Gelidiella acerosa (Forrssk.) Feld. et Hamel (Gelidellaceae, Rhodophyta) in culture. Botanica Marina 33: 133-141.
Melo, R.A. (1992). A note on the absence of Hyphae (Rhizines) in the thallus of Gelidiella acerosa Forsskål Feldmann et Hamel (Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 173-181. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.
Premakumara, G.A.S., Ratnasooriya, W.D. & Tillekeratne, L.M.V. (1995). Studies on the post-coital contraceptive mechanisms of crude extract of Sri Lankan marine red alga, Gelidiella acerosa. Contraception 52: 203-207.
Premakumara, G.A.S., Ratnasooriya, W.D. & Tillekeratne, L.M.V. (1996). Isolation of a non-steroidal contragestative agent from Sri Lankan marine red alga, Gelidiella acerosa. Contraception 54: 379-383.
Rao, P.S. & Mehta, V.B. (1973). Physiological ecology of Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskal) Feldmann et Hamel. Journal of Phycology 9: 333-335, 2 figs.
Roleda, M.Y., Ganzon-Fortes, E.T. & Montaño, N.E. (1997). Agar from vegetative and tetrasporic Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 40: 501-506.
Roleda, M.Y., Ganzon-Fortes, E.T., Montaño, N.E. & de los Reyes, F.N. (1997). Temporal variation in the biomass, quantity and quality of agar from Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales) from Cape Bolinao, NW Philippines. Botanica Marina 40: 487-495.
Roleda, M.Y., Montaño, N.E., Ganzon-Fortes, E.T. & Villanueva, R.D. (1997). Acetic acid pretreatment in agar extraction of Phillipine Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskaal) Feldmann et Hamel (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). Botanica Marina 40: 63-69.
Rollon, R.N., Samson, M.S., Roleda, M.Y., Arano, K.G., Vergara, M.W.B. & Licuanan, W.Y. (2003). Estimating biomass from the vober of Gelidiella acerosa along the coasts of Eastern Philippines. Botanica Marina 46: 497-502.
Santelices, B. & Flores, V. (2004). Additional Observations on Spermatangial Sori in Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiellaceae, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 109-118.
Santelices, B. (1997). The spermatangial sorus of Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiellaceae, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 77-87. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1965). Regeneration in Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskal) Feldmann et Hamel. In: Proceedings of the Combined 51st and 52nd Indian Science Congress, Calcull, 1964-65. Part III. Abstracts. ( Eds), pp. p 301. Calcutta:
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1969). Systematics, ecology and life-history of Indian gelidials with special reference to the agarophyte, Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskal) Feldmann et Hamel. Salt Research and Industry 6: 46-47.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1971). Studies on Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel. IV: Spore studies. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for Phycology 19: 9-14, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1971). Studies on Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel. V: Germination of tetraspores and nuclear changes of the germinating spores. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for Phycology 19: 65-72, 2 figs, 1 plate.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1971). Variation of external form in Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel through seasons. In: Proceedings of the Fifty-eighth Indian Science Congress, Bangalore, 1971. Part III. Abstracts. ( Eds), pp. p 388. Calcutta:
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1972). Distribution of Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann & Hamel.. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69: 235-237, map.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1972). Some observations on the cytology of Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel. In: Proceedings of the fifty-ninth Indian Science Congress, Calcutta, 1972. Part III. Abstracts. ( Eds), pp. 292-293. Calcutta:
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1972). Studies on Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel. VI. Anatomy and developmental morphology. Phykos 10: 70-78, 4 figs.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1974). Some observations on the cytology of Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel. Cytologia 39: 391-395, 3 figs.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1974). Studies on Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel II. Growth and phenological events in the annual life of alga. Phykos 13(2): 7-15, 1 fig, 2 tables, 2 graphs.
Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1977). Studies on Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel III. Regeneration of Gelidiella at Jaleshwar reef Veraval. Phykos 15: 23-27, Table II, 1 plate.
Subbaramaiah, K. & Banumathi, R. (1991). Growth and reproductive biology of red alga Gelidiella acerosa (Rhodophyta) in the Mandapam Region, east coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20(1): 61-66.
Subbaramaiah, K., Rama Rao, K. & Nair, M.R.P. (1975). Cultivation of Gelidiella acerosa. Salt. Res. Ind. 11(1): 33-36.
Subbaramaiah, K., Thomas, P.C. & Rao, P.S.N. (1990). Effect of ethyl methanesulphonate on growth and agar content in marine alga Gelidiella acerosa (Rhodophyta). Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 19(4): 288.
Thomas, P.C., Rama Rao, K. & Subbaramaiah, K. (1975). Changes in the natural growth of Gelidiella acerosa (Forskal) Feldmann et Hamel in an exploited population. Botanica Marina 18: 241-243.
Umamaheswara Rao, M. (1973). Growth and reproduction of Gelidiella acerosa in the Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar near Mandapam. Indian Journal of Fisheries 20: 411-416, 3 figs.
Villanueva, R.D., Montaño, N.E., Romero, J.B., Aliganga, A.K.A. & Enriquez, E.P. (1999). Seasonal variations in the yield, gelling properties and chemical composition of agars from Gracilaria eucheumoides and Gelidiella acerosa (Rhodophyta) from the Philippines. Botanica Marina 42: 175-182.
Villanueva, R.D., Rumbaoa, A.V., Gomez, A.V., Loquias, M.M., de la Rosa, A.M. & Montaño, N.E. (1998). Gamma-irradiation in the extraction of agar from Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskaal) Feldmann et Hamel. Botanica Marina 41: 199-202, 1 fig, 2 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 November 2018.

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