152,947 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,947 images, 59,170 bibliographic items, 408,277 distributional records.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Genus Gracilaria

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
In tide pool in the reef flat, mixed with Thalassia hemprichii. Gili Trawangan, Indonesia. 13 Jul 2011. Fernando Boisset. © Fernando Boisset.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
In reef flat, partially covered with sand. Gili Trawangan, Indonesia. 13 Jul 2011. Fernando Boisset. © Fernando Boisset.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the sun. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
1. Habit. 2. Transverse section showing tetrasporangia. 3. Transverse section through cystocarp. 4. Natural habit (My Hoa, Ninh Thuan Province, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
Hawaii; apical branches; scale 5 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson
Barrow Island , Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

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Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson Mbweni, Zanzibar; mangroves
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Gracilaria salicornia (C.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson 1954: 4, fig. 3

Published in: Dawson, E.Y. (1954). Notes on tropical Pacific marine algae. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 53: 1-7, 4 figs.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Sphaerococcus salicornia C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "ad litora Unalaschkae" [probably Manila, Philippine Islands fide Dawson 1954a: 4] (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 175). Notes: According to South & Skelton (2003), the type locality is "ad litora Unalaschkae', probably Manila, Philippine Islands fide Dawson 1954a: 2. According to Millar & Xia (1997), the type locality is Manila Harbor, Philippines. According to Abbott (1994: 117), the type locality is Manila Bay (although reported as being from Alaska because of a mix-up of labels).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Sphaerococcus salicornia C.Agardh 1820
Corallopsis salicornia (C.Agardh) Greville 1830

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Corallopsis dichotoma Ruprecht 1850
Corallopsis cacalia J.Agardh 1852
Corallopsis opuntia J.Agardh 1872
Corallopsis concrescens Reinbold 1907
Gracilaria cacalia (J.Agardh) E.Y.Dawson 1954

Taxonomic notes
According to Abbott (1995: 188), G. crassa Harvey ex. J. Agardh is a synonym of this species.

Distributional notes
Philippines record based on illustrations of specimens brought to Guam workshop by Doty (Abbott, 1985).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Corallopsis salicornia (C.Agardh) Greville)
Indonesian: Boeloeng (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
canot-canot {Arab}; caocaoayan {Ilo}

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Abbott, I.A. (1985). Gracilaria from Hawaii: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 85-87. California Sea Grant College Program.

Abbott, I.A. (1985). Gracilaria from the Philippines: list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with Reference to Some Pacific and Caribbean Species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 89-90.

Abbott, I.A. (1988). Some species of Gracilaria and Polycavernosa from Thailand. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 137-150. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College Program [Report T-CSGCP-018].

Abbott, I.A. (1994). New records and a reassessment of Gracilaria (Rhodophyta) from the Philippines. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 111-118. Calif. Sea Grant College.

Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Campbell, M.A., Presting, G.P., Bennett, M.S. & Sherwood, A.R. (2014). Highly conserved organellar genomes in the Gracilariales as inferred using new data from the Hawaiian invasive alga Gracilaria salicornia. Phycologia 53(2): 109-116.

Chiang, Y.M. (1985). Gracilaria from Taiwan: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 81-83. California Sea Grant College Program.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Iyer, R., Tronchin, E.M., Bolton, J.J. & Coyne, V.E. (2005). Molecular systematics of the Gracilariaceae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) with emphasis on Southern Africa. Journal of Phycology 41: 672-684.

Kapraun, D.F. & Dunwoody, J.T. (2002). Relationship of nuclear genome size to some reproductive cell parameters in the Florideophycidae (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 41: 507-516.

Lewmanomont, K. (1994). The species of Gracilaria from Thailand. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 135-148. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program [Report T-CSGCP-031].

McDermid, K.J., Stuercke, B. & Haleakala, O.J. (2005). Total dietary fiber content in Hawaiian marine algae. Botanica Marina 48: 437-440.

Meneses, I. & Abbott, I.A. (1987). Gracilaria and Polycavernosa (Rhodophyta) from Micronesia. Micronesica 20: 187-200, 13 figs.

Millar, A.J.K. & Xia, B.M. (1997). Studies on terete species of Australian Gracilaria. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 103-109. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Ng, P.-K., Lim, P.-E. & Phang, S.-M. (2015). Small-scale genetic structure of Gracilaria salicornia and its red algal parasite, G. babae (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta), in Malaysia. Botanica Marina 58(3): 175-187.

Nguyen H. Dinh (1992). Vietnamese species of Gracilaria and Gracilariopsis. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3, pp. 207-210. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Ohno, M., Terada, R. & Yamamoto, H. (1999). The species of Gracilaria from Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 99-111. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Pareek, M., Mishra, A. & Jha, B. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Gracilaria species inferred from molecular markers belonging to three different genomes. Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1322-1328.

Phang, S.-M. (1994). Some species of Gracilaria from Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 125-134. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Song, S-L., Yong, H.-S., Lim, P.-E., Ng, P.-K. & Phang, S.-M. (2016). Complete mitochondrial genome, genetic diversity and molecular phylogeny of Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta: Gracilariaceae). Phycologia 55(4): 371-377.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Tsuda, R.T. (1985). Gracilaria from Micronesia: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 91-92. California Sea Grant College Program.

Xia, B.M. (1985). Gracilaria from China: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 71-76. California Sea Grant College Program.

Created: 30 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 August 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 41288 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Campbell, M.A., Presting, G.P., Bennett, M.S. & Sherwood, A.R. (2014). Highly conserved organellar genomes in the Gracilariales as inferred using new data from the Hawaiian invasive alga Gracilaria salicornia. Phycologia 53(2): 109-116.
Lim, P.E., Thong, K.L. & Phang, S.M. (2001). Molecular differentiation of two morphological variants of Gracilaria salicornia. Journal of Applied Phycology 13(4): 335-342.
Ng, P.-K., Lim, P.-E. & Phang, S.-M. (2015). Small-scale genetic structure of Gracilaria salicornia and its red algal parasite, G. babae (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta), in Malaysia. Botanica Marina 58(3): 175-187.
Smith, J.E., Hunter, C.L., Conklin, E.J., Most, R., Sauvage, T., Squair, C. & Smith, C.M. (2004). Ecology of the invasive red alga Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta) on O'ahu, Hawai'i. Pacific Science 58: 325-343.
Song, S-L., Yong, H.-S., Lim, P.-E., Ng, P.-K. & Phang, S.-M. (2016). Complete mitochondrial genome, genetic diversity and molecular phylogeny of Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta: Gracilariaceae). Phycologia 55(4): 371-377.
Terada, R., Yamamoto, H. & Muraoka, D. (1999). Observations on an adelphoparasite growing on Gracilaria salicornia from Thailand. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 121-129. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.
Xia, B. (1986). On Gracilaria salicornia (C. Agardh) Dawson. Chinese Journale of Oceanology and Limnology 4: 100-107, 1 table, 1 plate.
Yamamoto, H. & Phang Siew Moi (1997). An adelphoparasitic alga growing on Gracilaria salicornia from Malaysia. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 91-95. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.
Yamamoto, H. (1986). Congracilaria babae gen. et sp. nov. (Gracilariaceae), an adelphoparasite growing on Gracilaria salicornia of Japan. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 37: 281-290.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 September 2018.

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