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Chondrus ocellatus Holmes

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Gigartinaceae
Genus Chondrus

Pictures

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Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
1. Habit. 2. The upper portion of branches with cystocarps. 3. Cast ashore (Dalian City, Yellow Sea, China).. 01 Jan 0001. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Hideki Haga. © Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Hideki Haga. © Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Hideki Haga. © Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Lung-tung, Taipei County, Taiwan. 1997. 4. 23. Photo by Huang Su-fang, National Taiwan Museum, from http://www.ntm.gov.tw/seaweeds.. Huang Su-fang. © Sue Huang (sfhuang@ntm.gov.tw).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Yukihiko Serisawa. © Yukihiko Serisawa (serisawa@scc.u-tokai.ac.jp).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Trasverse section of frond. Hideki Haga. © Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Oishi-zaki, Yura, Awaji Island, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. 22 Mar 2007. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes
Oishi-zaki, Yura, Awaji Island, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. 22 Mar 2007. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Compsonema sessile Setchell & N.L.Gardner

Chondrus ocellatus Holmes Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Trasverse section of frond
© Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp)

Publication details
Chondrus ocellatus Holmes 1896: 252, pl. IX [9]: fig. 2

Published in: Holmes, E.M. (1895). Marine algae from Japan. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 31: 248-260, 6 plates.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chondrus is Chondrus crispus Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), marked with two-coloured spots, having the centre of one colour surrounded by a broad ring of another (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Chondrus ocellatus Holmes)
English: Japanese Moss (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Japanese: Hosokenomimi (Chapman & Chapman 1980), Tsunomata (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
carrageenan

Habitat
Found on rocks in the lower intertidal and more abundant on exposed shores than in sheltered places (Brodie et al. 1993: 185).

Type information
Type locality: Shimoda, Izu Peninsula, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan Type: Saida, No. 44; BM herb. Holmes Notes: According to Brodie et al. (1993: 185), the type or any original material of C. ocellatus f. ocellatus could not be located in BM, or in any other British or Japanes herbaria and it may be necessary ultimately to select a neotype.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Brodie, J., Guiry, M.D. & Masuda, M. (1993). Life history, morphology and crossability of Chondrus ocellatus forma ocellatus and C. ocellatus forma crispoides (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the north-western Pacific. European Journal of Phycology 28: 183-196.

McDermid, K.J., Stuercke, B. & Haleakala, O.J. (2005). Total dietary fiber content in Hawaiian marine algae. Botanica Marina 48: 437-440.

Mikami, H. (1965). A systematic study of the Phyllophoraceae and Gigartinaceae from Japan and its vicinity. Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 5(2): 181-285.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Yin, M.Y., Hu, X.Y. & Tseng, C.K. (2007). Filament formation and differentiation in seven species of red algae. Botanica Marina 50(2): 113-118.

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Created: 10 February 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 August 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5037 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Brodie, J., Guiry, M.D. & Masuda, M. (1993). Life history, morphology and crossability of Chondrus ocellatus forma ocellatus and C. ocellatus forma crispoides (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the north-western Pacific. European Journal of Phycology 28: 183-196.
Kim, Y.S., Choi, H.G. & Nam, K.W. (2007). Phenology of Chondrus ocellatus in Cheongsapo near Busan, Korea. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 331-337.
Ogandaga, C.A.M., Choi, H.G., Kim, J.K. & Nam, K.W. (2016). Growth responses of Chondrus ocellatus Holmes (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) to two endophytes, Mikrosyphar zosterae Kuckuck (Ectocarpales, Ochrophyta) and Ulvella ramosa (N.L. Gardner) R. Nielsen (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) in culture. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 31(4): 363-371.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3485

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 November 2018.

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