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Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Alariaceae
Genus Alaria

Pictures

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Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Cape Beale, British Columbia, Canada; as Alaria nana H.F. Schrader. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Nudibranch Pt., Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Ecola, Oregon, USA; lower intertidal. 12 Jun 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Seal Rock, Oregon, USA; lower intertidal; 16-mm lens. 14 Jun 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Otter Crest, Oregon, USA; lower intertidal. 15 Jun 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht
Otter Crest, Oregon, USA; lower intertidal.. 15 Jun 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht Ecola, Oregon, USA; lower intertidal
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht 1840: 11

Published in: Postels, A. & Ruprecht, F. (1840). Illustrationes algarum in itinere circum orbem jussu imperatoris Nicolai I. Atque auspiciis navarchi Friderici Lütke annis 1826, 1827, 1828 et 1829 celoce Seniavin exsecuto in Oceano pacifico, inprimis septemtrionale ad littora rossica asiatico-americana collectarum. pp. [i-vi ], [i]- iv, 1-28 [1-2, index], [Latin:] [-iv], [1]-22, [1-2, index], 40 pls. Petropoli [St. Petersburg]: Typis Eduardi Pratz.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Alaria is Alaria esculenta (Linnaeus) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), margined (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Orgyia marginata (Postels & Ruprecht) Trevisan 1845
Phasganon marginatum (Postels & Ruprecht) Ruprecht 1850

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Alaria marginata var. musiformis Postels & Ruprecht 1840
Alaria taeniata Kjellman 1889
Alaria curtipes Saunders 1901
Alaria fragilis f. bullata Saunders 1901
Alaria nana H.F.Schrader 1903
Alaria tenuifolia Setchell 1903
Alaria valida Kjellman & Setchell 1903
Alaria tenuifolia f. amplior Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1903
Alaria valida f. longipes Setchell & Gardner 1903
Alaria marginata f. nana (H.F.Schrader) Collins 1913

Habitat notes
Low and mid intertidal: tide pool; sand: epilithic (Augyte & Shaughnessy, 2014). - (3 Dec 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht)
English: Winged kelp (McConnaughey 1985).

Japanese: Wakame (McConnaughey 1985).

Type information
Neotype locality: Fort Ross, California, USA (Widdowson 1971: 36). Neotype: S (Widdowson 1971: 36). Notes: Postels & Ruprecht (1840: 11) state "In oceano pacifico septemtrionale v.g. ad Unalascha" [Unalaska Island, Alaska] and Silva (1979: 337) lists Unalaska Island, Alaska as the type locality. However, Widdowson (1971: 36) concludes "The locality was stated to be in the northern Pacific 'v.g. ad Unalascha', but Ruprecht (1855, p. 355) only mentions having plants from Fort Ross, California. The absence of mention of material from Unalaska in Ruprecht's detailed list, and of an illustration in Postels and Ruprecht (1840), raises some doubt that specimens were ever collected by Postels and Ruprecht. There is one specimen in Areschoug's collection (S) which has a printed label reading 'Herb. Acad. Petrop. California boreal Ross leg. Wosnessensky', and is annotated in Ruprecht's hand 'Alaria marginata PR (sp. meliore exhiberi non potest)'. This annotation indicates that no better authentic specimen exists at Leningrad (LE). It appears impossible to prove that the Stockholm specimen is a possible lectotype, but it appears to be the most suitable extant for designation. It is clearly connected with Ruprecht, if not with Postels and Ruprecht. It is designated here as a neotype, and is illustrated in Figure 15h." Paul Silva writes (e-mail, 21 June 2006): 'In the protologue of Alaria marginata, the material from Unalaska was undoubtedly collected by the young Mertens on board the "Seniavin" in the period 1826-1829. When Setchell visited Leningrad in November 1903, looking for types, he found "1 good specimen - 'Unalaska - Wosnessensky' rather, I think, from Fort Ross, Calif. = our California broader midribbed 'A. praelonga' " (Setchell notebook). The label is incorrect, as there is no record or Vosnesenskij having collected at Unalaska. In the absence of original material, Art. 9.6 applies here and Widdowson had the right to designate the Stockholm specimen as neotype. However, if future studies comparing populations from Unalaska with those from Fort Ross should prove that two species are involved, Widdowson's neotypification would be superseded and either a new name would have to be found for the Fort Ross alga or Alaria marginata could be proposed for conservation with a conserved type. I think that selecting a neotype from some locality other than the type locality, while not the best practice, would not in itself be "in serious conflict with the protologue". As it stands, the (neo)type locality is Fort Ross despite the protologue.'

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Druehl, L.D., Collins, J.D., Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). An evaluation of methods used to assess intergeneric hybridization in kelp using Pacific Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41: 250-262.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of algae-macrophytes Kamchatka waters. Vol 1. Green algae and brown algae]. pp. 1-216. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Kloczcova, N.G. (1996). Flora vodoroslei makrofitov Tatarskogo Proliva i osobennosti ee formirovanija [Macrophyte algal flora of Tatars Gulf (Sea of Japan) and peculiarities of its formation]. pp. 1-289. Vladivostock: Dalnauka. [in Russian]

Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). Molecular investigation reveals epi/endophytic extrageneric kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) gametophytes colonizing Lessoniopsis littoralis thalli. Botanica Marina 48: 426-436.

Lane, C.E., Lindstrom, S.C. & Saunders, G.W. (2007). A molecular assessment of northeast Pacific Alaria species (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) with reference to the utility of DNA barcoding . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 634-648.

Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mondragon, J. & Mondragon, J. (2003). Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast. Common marine algae from Alaska to Baja California. pp. [i]iv, [1]-97. Monterey, California: Sea Challengers.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Widdowson, T.B. (1971). A taxonomic revision of the genus Alaria Greville. Syesis 4: 11-49.

Created: 05 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10035 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Blinn, D.W. & Markham, J.W. (1969). Development of gametophytes of Alaria marginata P. & R. and Hedophyllum sessile (C. Ag.) Setch. in saline pond water from British Columbia. Phycologia 8: 51-55.
Schmitz, K. & Srivastava, L.M. (1975). On the fine structure of sieve tubes and the physiology of assimilate transport in Alaria marginata. Canadian Journal of Botany 53: 861-876.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 October 2018.

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