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Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Hydrolithaceae
Subfamily Hydrolithoideae
Genus Hydrolithon

Pictures

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Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Hawaii; with conceptacles; on Sargassum; scale is 200 µm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Hawaii; on Sargassum; scale is 1 mm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

 

Turnerella mertensiana (Postels & Ruprecht) F.Schmitz

Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain Mediterranean
© Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it)

Publication details
Hydrolithon farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) Penrose & Y.M.Chamberlain 1993: 295, figs 1-19

Published in: Penrose, D. & Chamberlain, Y.M. (1993). Hydrolithon farinosum (Lamouroux) comb. nov.: implications for generic concepts in the Mastophoroideae (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 32: 295-303, 19 figs.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Hydrolithon is Hydrolithon reinboldii (Weber Bosse & Foslie) Foslie.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Melobesia farinosa J.V.Lamouroux

Type information
Lectotype locality: Mediterranean [unspecified locality] (Chamberlain 1994: 123). Lectotype: on Sargassum linifolium. CN Herb. Lamouroux; specimen sine numero (Chamberlain 1994: 123). Notes: Chamberlain and Irvine (1994) recommend consulting Penrose & Chamberlain (1993) for more information on the lectotype.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), mealy, covered with farina (flour-like, powdery covering) (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia farinosa J.V.Lamouroux 1816
Fosliella farinosa (J.V.Lamouroux) M.Howe 1920

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia granulata Meneghini ex Kützing 1849

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Melobesia farinacea J.V. Lamour. and M. solmsii Bornet ex Me Lemoine as synonyms of this species. Furnari et al. (2003) consider that some records of Fosliella farinosa and Melobesia farinosa could be referred to H. boreale.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
A cosmopolitan species found on various algae and on the seagrass Amphibolis antarctica (Womersley 1996: 261). In southern Australia plants have been found intertidally as epiphytes on reef tops, in tide pools and subtidally to depths of 15 m; they grow commonly on Sargassum, on various other brown algae including Acrocarpia, Hormophysa, and Zonaria, and on the seagrass Amphibolis antarctica; also occurs elsewhere on Zostera, Cystoseira foeniculacea, Udotea, Enhalus, Thalassia, Dilophus, Padina and Thalassodendron (Penrose & Chamberlain 1993: 296).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bressan, G. & Babbini, L. (2003). Biodiversità marina delle coste Italiane: Corallinales del Mar Mediterraneo: guida all deteminazione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(Suppl. 2): 1-237.

Chamberlain, Y.M. (1994). Mastophoroideae Setchell. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 2B. Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. (Irvine, L.M. & Chamberlain, Y.M. Eds), pp. 113-158. London: HMSO.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Penrose, D.L. (1996). Genus Hydrolithon (Foslie) Foslie 1909: 55. In: The Marine benthic flora of South Australia. Rhodophyta. Part IIIB, Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 255-266. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Schneider, C.W. & Searles, R.B. (1997). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 2. Some Rhodophyta, including Polysiphonia tongatensis and a discussion on the Herposiphonia secunda/tenella complex. Cryptogamie, Algologie 18: 187-210, 19 figs.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Townsend, R.A. & Huisman, J.M. (2018). 'Coralline algae'. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 86-97, 105-137, 143-146. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. IV Corallinales . pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-147, pls I-V. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 16 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7129 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Penrose, D. & Chamberlain, Y.M. (1993). Hydrolithon farinosum (Lamouroux) comb. nov.: implications for generic concepts in the Mastophoroideae (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 32: 295-303, 19 figs.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 November 2018.

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