Fucus gardneri P.C.
Fucus gardneri P.C.Silva 1953: 227
Original publication: Silva, P.C. (1953). The identity of certain Fuci of Esper. Wasmann Journal of Biology 11: 221-232.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a taxonomic synonym of Fucus distichus Linnaeus
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
This is a marine species.
(as Fucus gardneri P.C.Silva)
English: Popweed (Garza 2005).
Distribution by country
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus gardneri P.C.Silva)
North America: Alaska (Scagel et al. 1989), Aleutian Islands (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989), California (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003 ), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Washington (Scagel et al. 1989, Hoffman, Hansen & Klinger, 2003).
Asia: Bering Sea (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003).
Powell (1957) listed Fucus gardneri as a synonym of Fucus distichus L. and Serrão et al. (1999) considered that these two species are very closely related. Field studies by Silva (1979: 333) led him to conclude that the two species are distinct.
Gabrielson, Widdowson & Lindstrom (2006: 74, footnote) comment: "There is growing evidence to use the name Fucus distichus subsp. evanescens for the common Fucus in the NE Pacific instead of F. gardneri. Japanese workers have used the name Fucus distichus subsp. evanescens for some time (Yoshida et al. 1990, pp. 283-284). Serrão et al. (1999) have shown that the Atlantic and Pacific populations are genetically very similar. Indeed, there may be doubt that the Pacific populations of Fucus distichus even merit the distinction of a separate subspecies (Jeanine Olsen, pers. com. to SCL). On the other hand, Atlantic and Pacific populations of Fucus distichus appear to have distinctly different ecological proferences, leading Silva (1979, pp. 338) to favour retention of the name F. gardneri." See also Gabrielson, Lindstrom & O'Kelly (2012: 68, footnote). - (4 Aug 2006) - Wendy Guiry
Source of synonymy
Gabrielson, P.W., Lindstrom, S.C. & O'Kelly, C.J. (2012). Keys to the seaweeds and seagrasses of Southeast Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon. Phycological Contribution No. 8. pp. [i]-iv, 1-192. Hillsborough, North Carolina: PhycoID.
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. -596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.
Gabrielson, P.W., Widdowson, T.B. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2004). Keys to the seaweeds and seagrasses of Oregon and California. Phycological Contribution 6: iv + 181.
Powell, H.T. (1957). Studies in the genus Fucus L. I. Fucus distichus L. emend. Powell. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 36: 407-432.
Serrão, E.A., Alice, L.A. & Brawley, S.H. (1999). Evolution of the Fucaceae (Phaeophyceae) inferred from nrDNA-ITS. Journal of Phycology 35: 382-394, 5 figs, 4 tables.
Silva, P.C. (1979). The benthic algal flora of central San Francisco Bay. In: San Francisco Bay: the Urbanized Estuary. (Conomos, T.J. Eds), pp. 287-345. San Francisco: Pacific Division, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
SAG Cultures may be viewed at http://sagdb.uni-goettingen.de/showstrains.php?genus=Fucus&species=gardneri
Cultures from the Scandinavian Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Copenhagen (SCCAP) and Protozoa may be viewed at http://www.sccap.dk/search/algaebase.asp?Genus=Fucus&Species=gardneri
Created: 12 April 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 28 May 2012 by Michael Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5656 times since it was created.
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Henry, B.E. & Van Alstyne, K.L. (2004). Effects of UV radiation on growth and phlorotannins in Fucus gardneri (Phaeophyceae) juveniles and embryos (Note). Journal of Phycology 40: 527-533.
Hurd, C.L., Berges, J.A., Osborne, J. & Harrison, P.J. (1995). An in vitro nitrate reductase assay for marine macroalgae: optimization and characterization of the enzyme for Fucus gardneri (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 31: 835-843, 4 figs, 1 table.
Hurd, C.L., Berges, J.A., Osborne, J. & Harrison, P.J. (1996). Corrigendum: An in vitro nitrate reductase assay for marine microalgae: Optimization and characterization of the enzyme for Fucus gardneri: (Phaeophyta). (Vol. 31:835-43).. Journal of Phycology 32: 1094.
Stekoll, M. S. & Deysher, L. (1996). Recolonization and restoration of upper intertidal Fucus gardneri (Fucales, Phaeophyta) following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 311-316.
Stekoll, M.S. & Deysher, L. (1996). Recolonization and restoration of upper intertidal Fucus gardneri (Fucales, Phaeophyta) following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Hydrobiologia 326/327: 311-316.
van Tamelen, P.G. & Stekoll, M.S. (1996). Population response of the brown alga Fucus gardneri and other algae on Herring Bay, Prince William Sound to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. In: Exxon Valdez oil spill symposium proceedings. (Rice, S.D., Spies, R.B., Wolfe, D.A. & Wright, B.A. Eds) Vol.18, pp. 193-211.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=4874
Cite this record as:
Michael Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2013. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 May 2013.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:72925