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Sargassum natans (Linnaeus) Gaillon

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Sargassum

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Sargassum natans (Linnaeus) Gaillon
a. cauloide; b. rama; c. filoides; d. vesículas; e. receptáculos. Fuente: Moreira y Suárez (2002b)..

 

Trachelomonas hexangulata var. repanda Prescott

Sargassum natans (Linnaeus) Gaillon a. cauloide; b. rama; c. filoides; d. vesículas; e. receptáculos. Fuente: Moreira y Suárez (2002b).
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Publication details
Sargassum natans (Linnaeus) Gaillon 1828: 355

Published in: Gaillon, B. (1828). Résumé méthodique des classifications des Thalassiophytes. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles [Levrault] 53: 350-406, Tables 1-3.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sargassum is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus natans Linnaeus

Type information
Lectotype locality: "Indica" (probably Jamaica) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 687). Notes: Silva et al. (1996) recommend consulting Børgesen (1914a: 9) for more information on the lectotype locality of this species.

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Sargassum Section Sargassum

Origin of species name
Participle (Latin), swimming, floating on or under the surface of the water (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus natans Linnaeus 1753
Baccalaria natans (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray 1821

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus sargasso S.G.Gmelin 1768
Fucus baccifer Turner 1802
Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh 1820
Baccalaria teres S.F.Gray 1821

Nomenclatural notes
Pelagic species (Guiry, pers. comm.). See Silva, Basson & Moe (1996) for details of the nomenclautral history of this entity.

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996) the following taxa apparently lie within the circumspection of this species but have not yet been formally transferred: Sargassum bacciferum forma capillifolium Kützing and Sargassum bacciferum var. spinuligerum Kützing.

Distributional notes
Only known from detached plants on Atlantic coasts.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Børgesen, F. (1914). The species of Sargassum found along the coasts of the Danish West Indies with remarks upon the floating forms of the Sargasso Sea. In: Mindeskrift i Anledning af Hundredaaret for Japetus Steenstrups Fødsel. (Jungersen, H.F.E. & Warming, E. Eds) Vol. Art. XXXII, pp. 1-20. København: Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri.

Camacho, O., Mattio, L., Draisma, S., Fredericq, S. & Diaz-Pulido, G. (2014). Morphological and molecular assessment of Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) from Caribbean Colombia, including the proposal of Sargassum giganteum sp. nov., Sargassum schnetteri comb. nov. and Sargassum section Cladophyllum sect. nov . Systematics and Biodiversity : .

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Created: 04 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 9781 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kim, C. S. (1972). The effects of dietary Sargassum natans and Ascophyllum nodosum on Salmonella gallinarum infection in chicks. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 7: 573-574.
Moreira, L. & Suárez, A.M. (2002). Estudio del género Sargassum C. Agardh, 1820 (Phaeophyta, Fucales, Sargassaceae) en aguas cubanas. 2. Variaciones morfológicas de Sargassum natans (Linnaeus) Meyer en dos localidades. Rev. Invest. Mar. 23(1): 55-58.
Moreira, L. & Suárez, A.M. (2002). Estudio del género Sargassum C. Agardh, 1820 (Phaeophyta, Fucales, Sargassaceae) en aguas cubanas. 4. Reproducción sexual en Sargassum natans (Linnaeus) Meyer y S. fluitans Børgesen. Rev. Invest. Mar. 23(1): 63-65.
Niermann, U. (1986). Distribution of Sargassum natans and some of its epibionts in the Sargasso Sea. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 40: 343-353.
Schofield, O., Evens, T.J. & Millie, D.F. (1998). Photosystem II quantum yields and xanthophyll-cycle pigments of the macroalgae, Sargassum natans (Phaeophyceae): responses under natural sunlight. Journal of Phycology 34: 104-112, 5 figs.
Sieburth, J.M. & Conover, J.T. (1966). Antifouling in Sargassum natans : Re-recognition of tannin activity. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 5: 207 only.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2018.

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